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C A R E E R T H E O RY:

EDWIN BORDIN
Jenna Marie M. Pertgen

WHO?
Bordin was born in Pennsylvania on November 7, 1913
Russian Jewish immigrant parents.
He was the youngest of three boys.
Bordin earned his bachelors and masters degrees at Temple University.
He earned his doctorate at Ohio State in 1942
After 3 years in the armed forces, Bordin took his first academic positions at
the University of Minnesota and then Washington State University.
In 1948, he was hired at the University of Michigan as an Associate Professor of
Psychology and the Director of the Counseling Division of the Bureau of
Psychological Services (Galinsky, 1995)
with his low key and respectful, yet dynamic and
influential personality, died in La Jolla, California on August 24, 1992.

Psychoanalytic approaches - used in regard to career


choice or other issues - have never been extremely popular
with helpers trained in counseling departments since shortterm, time efficient modalities are stressed.
felt that difficulties related to job choice :
are indicative of neurotic symptoms
are indicative of inappropriate rein forcers in the
environment
are related to a lack of present moment awareness.
are the result of irrational cognitions.

A P P LY I N G A F R E U D I A N
PSYCHODYNAMIC APPROACH TO
CAREER COUNSELING:
Bordin's play theory leading to Career Theory
some researchers looked at people in various occupations and
found that those in different groups differed in terms of
personality and early childhood experiences
Bordin took data from these studies and postulated his own
theory. He emphasizes on the development of personality in
relation to the role of work and play in an individual's life.

To Bordin, he suggested that people throughout their lives


seek work which they " find deeply interesting or from which
they can derive pleasure" ( Lent& S.D. Brown, 2013,p.3)

a basic tenet of the theory is that individuals:

seek enjoyment in work as in other areas of their lives.

Bordin proposed that play is basically satisfying and it is the satisfaction

of simply engaging in an activity which distinguishes play from work.


Individuals express their need for play in work as in other areas of their

lives by looking for something they will enjoy.


Bordin claimed that in young children, play and work are fused, and that

through the process of development and socialization, play and work become
demarcated. He accounted for this demarcation in terms of " spontaneity,
which is used to refer to elements of self-expression and self-realization in
our response to situations" (Bordin, 1990,p.105).

this means that the activities of young children are


intrinsically satisfying. However as they mature, play becomes
more complex and they become aware of their effort needed to
achieve mastery as well as the external pressures of others.
During these early years, the individuals build a unique identity,
drawing to some extent from the influences of their parents.
. opposite of play is compulsion: feeling compelled to take a
certain job or enter a certain career because parents, teachers,
or others wish the individual to do so

So the reality of needing to earn a living and the


desire for personal meaning and creative
expression.
these compulsions can last throughout
adulthood
these compulsions create a conflict between the
need for enjoyment and the desires of authority
figures, for instance

Bordin described the evolution of personality as the mechanism


which guides cognitive processes at times of career choice,
whether those points have arisen for external or internal reasons.
External reasons include the desire for increased work
satisfaction. In making choices, individuals conduct a self
assessment and gauge the probabilities of success based on
intrinsic satisfaction, which may include " curiosity, precision,
expressiveness and concern with right and wrong and justice as
well as..nurturance" (bordin,1990,p.114)

focuses much more in the individual striving for inner


meaning.
Bordin's approach is clearly a significant move away
from the tradition of matching approaches with their
emphasis on objectivity and more in line with recent
narrative approaches founded in constructivism and social
constructionism that are more accommodating of
qualitative assessment and creative processes.

SUMMARY
"Analyzed career choices using the unconscious mind"
felt that career choices could be used to solve
unconscious conflicts.
Bordin emphasize the unconscious processes in terms of
career choice
felt that difficulties related to job choice are indicative of
neurotic symptoms
Wanting to do something cause you want to not because
you are forced to

END

SOURCES:
https://books.google.com.ph/books?
id=k_QkBAAAQBAJ&pg=PA50&lpg=PA50&dq=Bordin
%27s+play+theory&source=bl&ots=lJNXZQlS0P&sig=iu8Zt4
AwTMnDB90VEnl2Z8RzjD0&hl=en&sa=X&ei=TYH4VLXxFoik
8AXgs4LoBQ&ved=0CCEQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Bordin's
%20play%20theory&f=false
Career Development and Systems Theory: Connecting Theory
and Practice By Wendy Patton, Mary McMahon

http://www.eddyelmer.com/tools/pagestart.html?
http://www.eddyelmer.com/tools/career.htm