Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 59

BTS configuration

Chinmay Anand
Engineer
Mobile Services Directorate

Date: July 08,2009

BTS Configuration
BTS configuration is determined by the traffic
volume and the traffic distribution.
BTS configuration is associated with the number
of the TRXs and the antenna system.
BTS can be omni directional
BTS can be sectored.
Number of TRXs can vary from site to site and
that number determines the BTS configuration of
that site.

BTS Configuration
BTS supports the following cell
configurations
- Omni cell
- One sector cell
- Two sectors cell
- Three sectors cell

BTS Configuration
BTS configuration is presented as S1/1/1
where S means sector
Above configuration shows that the BTS is
sectored.
It has 3 sectors and each sector has 1 TRX.
S2/3/2 means BTS has 3 sectors.
First sector has 2 TRXs, second sector has 3
TRXs and third sector has 2 TRXs

BTS Configuration
BTS configuration can be S2 where the
BTS is sectored with only one sector having
only two TRXs.
BTS configuration can be S3/3 where the
BTS has two sectors with each sectors of 3
TRXs.

BTS Configuration
Omnidirectinal BTS is presented as O2
where the BTS has only 2 TRX.
Similarly O4 means the BTS is
omnidirectional with 4 TRXs.
O1 means omnidirectional BTS with only
one TRX.

BTS Configuration
Supports the omni directional and
directional coverage
Combination of two cabinets to form one
group
Combination of three cabinets to form a
group.
One single cabinet supports upto 12 TRXs
in the full configuration.

Configuration Principle
Use as few as possible cabinets for cell
configurations
All TRXs of a cell are configured in the
same cabinet
TRXs are configured in the basic cabinet in
preference and the number of TRXs in the
basic cabinet is not less than that in any
extension cabinet

Configuration Principle
In full configuration, the BTS configuration will
be O36 or S12/12/12.
The Transmit power will be 40W or 80W.
For 40W the maximum configuration is S12/12/12
or O36
But for 80W BTS, additional modules called
power amplifier (PA) are required so the capacity
of the BTS decreases and BTS maximum
configuration will be S6/6/6 or O18.

PDM
for 40W

CMM
CMM

PDM

FCM
C T T
D R R
U M M

T T C
R R D
M M U

T T T T C
R R R R D
M M M M U
T T T
R R R
M M M

S
C
T P
D
R A
U G G

S
T
R
G

FCM

FCM
C
D
U

CMM

FCM

FCM
C
D
U

CMM

T C
R D
M U

C
D
U
C
D
U

S
T
R
G

S S
P T
A R
G G

S
T
R
G

S S
P T
A R
G G

FCM

S
C
P
D
A
G U
S C
P D
A
U
G
S C
P D
A
U
G

for 80W

BTS hardware configuration


First
sector
Second
sector

PDM

CMM
CMM

FCM
C T T
D R R
U M M

T T C
R R D
M M U

FCM
C
D
U

T T T T C
R R R R D
M M M M U

FCM

Third
sector

C
D
U

T T T
R R R
M M M

T C
R D
M U

V3 BTS

Sector configuration

First
Sector

Third
Sector

Second
Sector

Third Sector

First Sector

Second Sector

BTS3

BTS2

BTS1

CMM
PDM

CMM
PDM

CMM

FCM

C
D
U

T T
R R
M M

T T
R R
M M

T T
R R
M M

T T
R R
M M

C
D
U

C
D
U

T T
R R
M M

T T
R R
M M

CMM

T T
R R
M M

T T
R R
M M

C
D
U

C
D
U

T T
R R
M M

T T
R R
M M

C
D
U

C
D
U

C
D
U

T T
R R
M M

T T
R R
M M

T T
R R
M M

T T
R R
M M

C
D
U

FCM
C
D
U

C
D
U

FCM

C
D
U

CMM

FCM

FCM

FCM

C
D
U

PDM

FCM

FCM
C
D
U

CMM

T T
R R
M M

T T
R R
M M

C
D
U

FCM

C
D
U

C
D
U

T T
R R
M M

T T
R R
M M

C
D
U

BTS hardware configuration


TRM1
MMI
BSC

Abis

Abis

Interface

CMM

TRM2

PDM

.
.
.
TRM12

A
E
M

Um
Interface

FCM

MS

Mainly Modules of BTS


CMM:Controller & Maintenance Module
TRM:Transceiver Module
AEM:Antenna Equipment Module
FCM:Fan Control Module
PDM:Power Distribute Module

Modules of BTS
TPU:Transceiver Process Unit
TRM

RCU:Radio Carrier Unit


PAU:Power Amplifier Unit

AEM

CDU/DCDU/ECDU:
Combiner Distribution Unit
CEU:Combiner Extension Unit

CMM module functions


BS interface functions
Providing various clocks needed by BS
Operation & maintenance function of BTS
Equipment alarm collection

Active/standby hot backup

Introduction of TRM
Transmitter

TRM

Indicator
light

TX

handle

Receiver

Reset

RX
RST

RXD

Diversity Receiver

TRM panel description


Category

TRM
(40W)

Working
band

GSM900 or
EGSM900 TRMG
GSM1800

TRM
(80W)

Name

TRMD

GSM900 or STRG
EGSM900
SPAG

Description

It works in GSM900 or
EGSM900 band
It works in GSM1800 band
It works in
EGSM900 band

GSM900

It works in GSM1800 band

or

AEM module
TX

TRM group

AEM
RX

Introduction of CDU (2)


Combiner
Input

CDU
TX1
TX2

Test

interface

Indicator
light
TEST

Antenna

ANT
RX1
RX2

Distribution
Output

RX3
RX4
EX1
EX2

Distribution

Extension Output

CDU Panel

LED
Position

Color

Green

Red

Name

Meaning

Working Mode

FPO

Forward
power output
LED

ON: Normal
OFF: Abnormal

VSWR level-1
alarm LED

ON: There is
an alarm
OFF: There is
no alarm

SWR1

Red

SWR2

VSWR level-2
alarm LED

ON: There is
an alarm
OFF: There is
no alarm

Green

PWR

LNA power
supply LED

ON: Normal
OFF: Abnormal

LNA alarm
LED

ON: There is
an alarm
OFF: There is
no alarm

Red

LNA

Introduction of CDU (1)


LNA_Splitter
Duplexer

Cable

RX1
RX2

Rx_in

ANT

RX3
RX4

Cable
Alarms

RTE
forward

reverse
optional
VSWR_meter

Tx_out

TX1
50ohm

Alarms

ERX1
ERX2

Hybird_combiner

TX2

CDU Functional Structure


Identifier

Full Name

Meaning

ETX

Extended TX

Extended TX port

TX1

Transmitter 1

Combiner input 1 (PA output


signal)

TX2

Transmitter 2

Combiner input 2 (PA output


signal)

RX1

Receiver 1

Low noise amplifier output


port 1

RX2

Receiver 2

Low noise amplifier output


port 2

RX3

Receiver 3

Low noise amplifier output


port 3

RX4

Receiver 4

Low noise amplifier output


port 4

ERX1

Extend Receiver
1

Low noise amplifier extended


output port 1

ERX2

Extend Receiver
2

Low noise amplifier extended


output port 2

ANT

Antenna

Antenna feeder port

Introduction of CEU (1)


Rx_Splitter
ERX1

RX1
RX2
RX3

ERX2

RX4

TX1

To CDU TX1
50ohm

TX2

Hybird_combiner

To CDU TX2

TX3
50ohm
Hybird_combiner

TX4

Introduction of CEU (2)

combiner Input
Combiner

Output

TX1

CEU

TX2

Indicator light

OTX1
TX3

Distribution
Output

TX4
OTX2

RX1
RX2
RX3
RX4
EX1
EX2

Distribution Extension

Output

CEU Functions
Identifi
er

Meaning

Description

OTX1

Output TX 1

Combiner TX output port 1

OTX2

Output TX 2

Combiner TX output port 2

TX1

Transmitter 1

Combiner input 1 (PA output signal)

TX2

Transmitter 2

Combiner input 2 (PA output signal)

TX3

Transmitter 3

Combiner input 3 (PA output signal)

TX4

Transmitter 4

Combiner input 4 (PA output signal)

RX1

Receiver 1

Splitter output port 1

RX2

Receiver 2

Splitter output port 2

RX3

Receiver 3

Splitter output port 3

RX4

Receiver 4

Splitter output port 4

ERX1

Extend
Receiver 1

Splitter input port 1 (low noise amplifier


extended output)

ERX2

Extend
Receiver 2

Splitter input port 2 (low noise amplifier


extended output)

Basic Configuration
Sum of
Sum
Carrier
of
(one cell) CDU

Sum Sum of
Carrier
Of
CEU (one cell)

Sum
of
CDU

Sum
of
CEU

10

11

12

Basic Configuration
TX/RX

O1

CDU
TX1 TX2 RX1 RX2

TX

RX RXD

TRM1

TX/RX

CDU
RX3 RX4

TX1 TX2 RX1 RX2

RX3 RX4

Basic Configuration
TX/RX

O2

CDU
TX1 TX2 RX1 RX2

TX

RX RXD

TRM1

TX

TX/RX

CDU
RX3 RX4

RX RXD

TRM2

TX1 TX2 RX1 RX2

RX3 RX4

Basic Configuration
TX/RX

O3

TX/RX

CDU
TX1 TX2 RX1 RX2

TX

RX RXD

TRM1

TX

CDU
RX3 RX4

RX RXD

TRM2

TX1 TX2 RX1 RX2

TX

RX RXD

TRM3

RX3 RX4

Basic Configuration
TX/RX

O4

TX/RX

CDU
TX1

TX

TX2

TRM1

RX1

RX

RXD

CDU
RX2

RX3

TX

TRM2

RX

RX4

TX1

RXD

TX

TX2

TRM3

RX1

RX

RXD

RX2

RX3

TX

TRM4

RX4

RX

RXD

DTRU Panel Indicators

DTRUG
TX1
RXM1
TXcom

RXD1

TX2
PWR

Identifie
r

Full
Nam
e

Meaning

PWR

Power

Power LED

RUN

Run

Running LED

Receiver 2 (for
diversity)

MOD

Model

BCCH mode
LED

TX1

Transmitter 1

ACT1

Active

TX2

Transmitter 2

Channel
activation
LED1

ACT2

Active

Channel
activation
LED2

STA

State

Status LED

RST

Reset

Reset button

Identifier

Meaning

RXM1

Receiver 1

RXD1

Receiver 1 (for
diversity)

RXM2

Receiver 2

RXD2

RUN
MOD
ACT1
ACT2

RXM2

RXD2

STA
RST

ETP

O1 configuration
TX/RX

CDU

TX/ RX

ANT

CDU

TX1 TX2 ETX RX1 RX2 RX3 RX4 ERX2 ERX1

TX1 TX2

ANT

TX1 TX2 ETX RX1 RX2 RX3 RX4 ERX2 ERX1

TXCOM RXM1
DTRU

RXD1 RXM2

RXD2

O1 implementation
M

CDU

DTRU

CDU

TX 1

ETX 1

RXM 1

ETX 1
TX - COM

TX 1

TX 1

RXD 1

RTE

TX 2

TX 2

RTE

TX 2

RXM 2

ANT

RXD 2

ANT

RX 1

RX 1

RX 2

RX 2

RX 3

RX 3

RX 4

RX 4

ERX 1

ERX 1

ERX 2

ERX 2

O2 Configuration
TX/RX

CDU

TX/ RX

ANT

CDU

TX1 TX2 ETX RX1 RX2 RX3 RX4 ERX2 ERX1

TX1 TX2

ANT

TX1 TX2 ETX RX1 RX2 RX3 RX4 ERX2 ERX1

TXCOM RXM1
DTRU

RXD1 RXM2

RXD2

O2 Configuration Board

CDU

DTRU

CDU

TX1
ETX1

RXM1

ETX1
TX-COM

TX1

TX1

RXD1

RTE

TX2

TX2

RTE

TX2

RXM2

ANT

RXD2

ANT

RX1

RX1

RX2

RX2

RX3

RX3

RX4

RX4

ERX1

ERX1

ERX2

ERX2

O3 configuration
TX/RX

CDU

TX/RX

ANT

CDU

TX1 TX2 ETX RX1 RX2 RX3 RX4 ERX2 ERX1

TX1 TX2

TXCOM RXM1
DTRU

RXD1

RXM2

RXD2

ANT

TX1 TX2 ETX RX1 RX2 RX3 RX4 ERX2 ERX1

TX1

TX2

TXCOM RXM1
DTRU

RXD1 RXM2

RXD2

O4 Configuration
TX/RX

CDU

TX/RX

ANT

CDU

TX1 TX2 ETX RX1 RX2 RX3 RX4 ERX2 ERX1

TX1 TX2

TXCOM RXM1
DTRU

RXD1

RXM2

RXD2

ANT

TX1 TX2 ETX RX1 RX2 RX3 RX4 ERX2 ERX1

TX1

TX2

TXCOM RXM1
DTRU

RXD1 RXM2

RXD2

O4 Configuration- Board implementation

CDU

DTRU

DTRU

TX1
ETX
1

RXM
1

RXM
1
TX- COM

TX1
RXD
1

RTE

TX2

ANT

CDU

TX1
ETX1
TX- COM

TX1

RXD
1
TX2

TX2

RXM
2

RXM
2

RXD
2

RXD
2

RTE

TX2

ANT

RX1

RX1

RX2

RX2

RX3

RX3

RX4

RX4

ERX
1

ERX
1

ERX
2

ERX
2

O6 configuration

ID Switch

BTS_TYPE
1100: B8018
1101: B8112
1110: M8202
1111: M8204
BTS_NO
No. of the cabinet of
the same site
00: Basic cabinet
01: Extended cabinet 1
10: Extended cabinet 2

SLAVE1_PORT
The E1 port of the basic cabinet
to connect extended cabinet 1
00: Port E of the basic cabinet
01: Port F of the basic cabinet
10: Port G of the basic cabinet
11: Port H of the basic cabinet
SLAVE2_PORT
The E1 port of the basic cabinet
to connect extended cabinet 2
00: Port E of the basic cabinet
01: Port F of the basic cabinet
10: Port G of the basic cabinet
11: Port H of the basic cabinet

SATE
Whether to use the
satellite Abis link or not
0: Common Abis
1: Satellite Abis
ABIS_PORT
O&M port number
00: Port A
01: Port B
10: Port C
11: Port D
ABIS_TS
The O&M LAPD
timeslot on the Abis
interface
000: TS16
001: TS31
010: TS30
011: TS29
100: TS28
101: TS27
110: TS26
111: TS25

BTS 312-Huawei

CDU for BTS 312

TRX for 312 BTS

O1 configuration
antenna

antenna

TRX for 312 BTS

BTS 3012-Huawei

BTS 3012-Huawei

DTMU

DTRU

DDPU

O2 configuration

O4 configuration

E1 connections
The abis interface may be of 3 types
Optical fiber network
Microwave
DSL Technology
Satellite

Thank You