Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 52

LTE Interoperability in

Idle Mode(LTE->G/U)
www.huawei.com

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1.

LTE Interoperability in Idle Mode Overview

2.

IRAT PLMN Selection Procedure

3.

IRAT Cell Selection Criteria

4.

IRAT Cell Reselection Criteria

5.

IRAT Signaling Procedure in Idle Mode

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page3

States of UE at Switch on *

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page4

Related to
interoperability which
will be discussed in
this course

States and Relationships in Idle


Mode

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page5

Camp-on Strategies in the Idle


Mode
Idle-Mode Camp-On
Idle-Mode Camp-On
Between Different PLMNs

Within the Same PLMN

PLMN A

LTE
LTE

PLMN A

LTE
LTE

PLMN B

UMTS
UMTS

PLMN A

UMTS
UMTS

PLMN C

GSM
GSM

PLMN A

GSM
GSM

The dual-mode UE camps on the


network with the highest priority
(usually LTE by default) through
PLMN selection.

Power
on

PLMN Selection

The dual-mode UE camps on the


network with the highest priority
(usually LTE by default) through
cell reselection.

Cell
selection

Cell Reselection

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page6

Comparation of Camp-on Strategies

LTE use the same or different PLMN IDs with GERAN/UTRAN

Arrange
Description

EUTRAN use the same PLMN ID with


GERAN/UTRAN

EUTRAN use different PLMN ID with


GERAN/UTRAN

Remain in
LTE network
in Idle state

Set the cell reselect priority in eNodeB


ENodeB broadcasts system information
UE stay in LTE and not easy reselect to
GERAN/UTRAN cell

Configure high priority PLMN ID for LTE and low


priority PLMN ID for GERAN/UTRAN (notes UE update
EHPLMN date in USIM card via SMS via OTA mode )
UE will select PLMN of LTE at first when attach or
reselect in idle state

Remain in
GERAN/UTRA
N network in
Idle State

RAN broadcasts cell reselection parameter in SIB3/4


RAN broadcasts inter-RAT cell reselection
parameter in SIB3/4 and inter-RAT frequency priority
of LTE
UE searches all high priority of RAT frequency cell

Configure high priority PLMN ID for GERAN/UTRAN


and low priority PLMN ID for LTE (notes UE update
EHPLMN data in USIM card via SMS via OTA mode )
UE will select PLMN of GERAN/UTRAN at first when
attach or reselect in idle state
RAN does not need upgrade

Advantage

User smoothly upgrade (do not need update


EHPLMN data in USIM card)
The time of cell reselection is short
UE Returns to LTE on time
Reduce electric power
Need RAN upgrade

UE search and measure LTE cell for long time


Consume electric power
Cant reselect to LTE on time

It is suggested EUTRAN uses the same PLMN ID with GERAN/UTRAN

Disadvantage

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page8

Contents
1.

LTE Interoperability in Idle Mode Overview

2.

IRAT PLMN Selection Procedure

3.

IRAT Cell Selection Criteria

4.

IRAT Cell Reselection Criteria

5.

IRAT Signaling Procedure in Idle Mode

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page9

PLMN Selection Principle

When a dual-mode UE is powered on in an area covered by both the


LTE and the GERAN/UTRAN network, it needs to select a network to
camp on. The principles of network selection are as follows:

After the dual-mode UE is powered on, it first tries the Registered Public
Land Mobile Network (RPLMN) and the cell that it previously camps on.

If the RPLMN and cell do not meet the camp-on conditions, the UE selects a
proper PLMN and RAT according to the configurations in the UMTS
Subscriber Identity Module (USIM) and then a qualified cell.

To improve user experience and make full use of the newly deployed
LTE network, the LTE network is usually set with the highest priority.
The public priorities are broadcast through system messages.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page10

PLMN Selection Procedure Overview


RPLMN
EPLMN
(if available)
The highest (If present and
priority EHPLMN not empty

HPLNM

(If the EHPLMN list


is not present or
empty)

UPLMN
OPLMN
Other PLMN

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page11

PLMN Selection Procedure in


Detail
Stored in
UE

Set in SIM

Set in UE

Set in SIM
Suggested PLMN List in
SIM card:
PLMN + E-UTRAN
PLMN + UTRAN
PLMN + GSM

Last RPLMN or equivalent PLMN

HPLMN&EHPLMN Selector with Access


Technology data file (in priority order)
User Controlled PLMN Selector
with Access Technology data file
(in priority order)
Operator Controlled PLMN Selector
with Access Technology data file (in
priority order)

PLMN Select
When UE
Switch On

The Timer of HPLMN


Reselection is Saved in
USIM Card(6m~8h in 6m
steps or no periodic
attempts)

The PLMN with Better Wireless


Quality in random order
Other PLMN Base On Wireless Quality
in order of decreasing signal quality

Customized PLMN/Frequency List in SIM card, UE Prefers to Camp on LTE Network


Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page13

Contents
1.

LTE Interoperability in Idle Mode Overview

2.

IRAT PLMN Selection Procedure

3.

IRAT Cell Selection Criteria

4.

IRAT Cell Reselection Criteria

5.

IRAT Signaling Procedure in Idle Mode

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page15

Location of UE Search and Selection


Procedure
Power on

UE
idle
Behavior
phase

Time and
Frequency
synchronization

Downlink
synchronization
complete

Decode system
information
Physical layer
measurement
(RSRP&RSRQ)

UE
access
phase

eNodeB provides
timing advance
information

Uplink
synchronization
complete

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page16

Invisible flow
Partial visible flow
Visible flow

Cell Search

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page17

Synchronized Signal

DL SS is used to realize DL synchronization between


UE and eNodeB and also help UE to get PCI of cell

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page18

System Message Receiving

Purpose: From the system


message, UE get all
necessary parameters for
the further procedure,
such as cell camping,
random access, etc.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page19

System Message Overview

For detail, please refer to notes below.


Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page20

RRC States

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page22

RRC Connection

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page23

LTE RRC State Interoperability with 2G/3G

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page24

Cell Selection/Reselection
Procedures

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page25

Cell Selection

After receiving all necessary system message, UE start to


measure RS (Reference Signal) for cell selection judgment

RSRP and RSRQ can be evaluated

Criteria for cell selection:


Srxlev > 0 and Squal > 0
Srxlev = Qrxlevmeas - (Qrxlevmin + Qrxlevminoffset) Pcompensation
Squal = Qqualmeas (Qqualmin + Qqualminoffset)
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page26

Cell Selection Configuration

The parameter Minimum Required RX quality level offset(dB)


will appear only when the Minimum required RX quality level
offset configure indicator is configured as CFG(Configure).

Qrxlevmin
Qrxlevminoffset

Qqualmin
Qqualminoffset

Criteria for cell selection:


Srxlev > 0 and Squal > 0
Srxlev = Qrxlevmeas - (Qrxlevmin + Qrxlevminoffset) Pcompensation
Squal = Qqualmeas (Qqualmin + Qqualminoffset)
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page27

Cell Selection Configuration

MOD CELLRESEL

PMaximum allowed power


Pcompensation = max (PMaximum allowed power PUE MAX Output Power, 0)
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page28

Contents
1.

LTE Interoperability in Idle Mode Overview

2.

IRAT PLMN Selection Procedure

3.

IRAT Cell Selection Criteria

4.

IRAT Cell Reselection Criteria

5.

IRAT Signaling Procedure in Idle Mode

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page29

Cell Reselection Overview

The signal strength of both the serving cell and


neighboring cells varies with the movement of a UE,
so the UE needs to select a better cell to camp on.
This process is called cell reselection.

Related to interoperability which will be discussed in this course

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page30

Cell Reselection Evaluation Criteria

Cell Reselection Priority


Blacklisted
Cell

Cell Reselection
Evaluation

Confirm the
target cell in
cell reselection

Result of Neighboring
Cell Measurement

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page31

Blacklisted Cell Identifying

During cell reselection, UEs are not allowed to


measure or reselect blacklisted cells of the serving
cell.

UEs identify blacklisted cells by PCIs(Physical Cell


Types of
Delivere
Blacklisted
Identifiers).
d via
Cells

Intra-frequency
blacklisted
cells
Inter-frequency
blacklisted
cells

MML. Parameter

SIB4

1)IntraFreqBlkCell.PhyCellId : a starting PCI;


2)IntraFreqBlkCell.PhyCellIdRange:the number of
consecutive PCIs from the starting PCI onwards

SIB5

1)InterFreqBlkCell.DlEarfcn:specifies the
downlink EARFCN of the neighboring E-UTRAN;
2)InterFreqBlkCell.PhyCellId :a starting PCI;
3)InterFreqBlkCell.PhyCellIdRange : the number
of consecutive PCIs from the starting PCI
onwards.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page32

Data Configuration of Blacklisted


Cell

For intra-frequency blacklisted cells

For inter-frequency blacklisted cells

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page33

The Neighboring Cell Priority Overview

During implying measurements and the cell reselection, the UE needs to


obtain the priorities of neighboring frequencies.

Note: Frequencies of different RATs must have different priorities. During


the evaluation for reselection to an intra-frequency neighboring cell, the
UE ignores the priority of the target frequency because cells that work
on the same frequency have the same priority.

The priorities of inter frequency and IRAT are classified into two types:

Absolute priority

Static configuration via MML

Dedicated priority

Assigned by RRC Conncection Release message and is valid for a


specific UE

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page34

Types of the Neighboring Cell Priority


Delive
Priorit
y Type

ry

MML Command.

Metho Parameter

Product
Version

Notes

d
SIB3
SIB5
Absolute
Priority
(Cell
Level)

SIB6
SIB7
SIB8

CELLRESEL.CellReselPriority

The Serving Cell

EUTRANINTERNFREQ.

Inter-frequency
Ncells

CellReselPriority
UTRANNFREQ.CellReselPriority
GERANNFREQGROUP.
CellReselPriority

UE has no dedicated
priority

UMTS Ncells
GSM Ncells
CDMA2000 Ncells

CDMA2000BANDCLASS.
CellReselPriority
Mapping to UEs SPID:
RATFreqPriorityGroup. Priority
The priority is delivered to the UE
in an RRC Connection Release
message when the UE attempts to
release radio resources for "other
cause.

Send to
UE in an
d
RRC
Priority
Connecti
on
(User
Release
The priority is delivered to the UE
Copyright

2013
Huawei
Co.,Release
Ltd. All rights
Level)
message
in anTechnologies
RRC Connection
when the UE attempts to release

Dedicate

It is permanent when

180min
Priority
Valid within

associated with

RRCCONNSTATETI

the UEs SPID, has

MER.T320ForOther

higher priority

Valid within
reserved. Page35
RRCCONNSTATETI

than that
configured by

The Absolute Priority Configurationthe Serving Cell Reselection Priority


The absolute priority of the serving frequency is set by
(1/4)

CELLRESEL.CellReselPriority which is broadcasted in the


SIB3.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page37

The Absolute Priority ConfigurationEUTRAN Target Cell (2/4)

MOD EUTRANINTERNFREQ

Note: if priority indicator is set Not CFG, then UE


doesnt implement cell reselection to the target
frequency.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page38

The Absolute Priority Configuration- the


IRAT Neighbor Cell Reselection
The absolute priority of the neighboring GERAN frequency is
Priority(3/4)
set by GERANNFREQGROUP.CellReselPriority which is

broadcasted in the SIB7.


GSM

The absolute priority of the neighboring UTRAN frequency is


set by UTRANNFREQ.CellReselPriority which is broadcasted
in the SIB6.

UMTS

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page39

The Absolute Priority Configuration the IRAT Neighbor Cell Reselection


The absolute priority of the neighboring CDMA2000 frequency
Priority(4/4)

is set by CDMA2000BANDCLASS.
Cdma20001XrttCellReselPri which is broadcasted in the SIB8.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page40

Dedicated Cell Reselection Priority


Configuration and Application Overview
Dedicated cell reselection priority in RRC Release is received by UE when UE leave RRC-Connected state.
Dedicated cell reselection priority is configured in eNodeB based on Operator policy for every SPID.
Step1:Dedicated cell reselection priority configuration in eNodeB
MML COMMAND: RatFreqPriorityGroup
Step2: setup the mapping between dedicated priority and SPID
RatFreq RatType DlEarf Prio BandIndicat
1

MML COMMAND: SpidCfg


Spid
RatFreqPriorityInd
1
CFG(CFG)

RatFreqPriorityGroupId
1

Not involved

NOT_CFG(NOT_CFG)

Not involved

Not involved

NOT_CFG (NOT_CFG)

Not involved

F4

CFG(CFG)

EUTRAN F1

GSM_dcs18
00
Not involved

EUTRAN F2

Not involved

UTRAN

F3

Not involved

5
...
...

5
...
256

CFG(CFG)
CFG(CFG)
CFG(CFG)

4
...
255

GERAN

F4

...

...

...

...

GSM_pcs19
00
...

rity

or

UE

EUTRAN F1

Not involved

EUTRAN F2

UTRAN

F3

GERAN

Priorit
yGroupI
d
1

cn

Step3: eNodeB send dedicated cell reselection priority to UE

Step4: UE firstly applies dedicated priority before the optional


validity time of dedicated priorities (T320) expires.
By

dedicated Priority based on SPID, Operators can make its subscribers to camp in a suitable RAT (a cell of LTE/UMTS/GSM) or

frequency (a cell of LTE) based on the service characteristics. For example, for a data centric subscriber, a LTE cell will be the more
suitable selection than an UMTS cell or a GSM cell; for a voice centric subscriber, a GSM cell or an UMTS cell will be the more
suitable selection than a LTE cell.
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page41

The Dedicated Priority Configuration

for the Flexible User Steering

If flexible user steering feature is activated, we can set the dedicated


priority based on subscriber profile ID, and valid duration is 180 min.

It is delivered to the UE in an RRC Connection Release message when


the UE's radio resources are released.

mapping

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page42

Timers Configuration of the Dedicate


Priority
A UE deletes priorities provided by dedicated signaling in any

of the following situations:

The NAS signals the AS to perform PLMN selection.

The UE enters the connected mode.

The validity time (specified byT320) of the dedicated


priority expires.

The value of T320 is fixed to 180 minutes for UEs SPID.


Otherwise, timers configured in the following figure will be
used.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page43

The IRAT Neighboring Measurement


Overview

Before the cell reselection, a UE performs measurements of


neighboring cells based on the RX signal level and quality of the
serving cell and frequency priorities of the neighboring cells.

The UE only measures the neighboring frequencies


broadcasted in the system information and the
neighboring frequencies whose priority information is
carried in the RRC Connection Release message.

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page44

Neighboring Cell Measurement


Procedure before Cell
Reselection
Intre-Freq /IRAT Measurement

CELLRESEL.S
IntraSearch
CfgInd=
NOT_CFG(No
t
configure)
CELLRESEL.S
IntraSearch
CfgInd=CFG(
Configure)

Intra-Freq
Measurement

PNCELLPSCELL

Qqual

PNCELL>PSCELL

Qqual
Always
measuring

SIntraSearchQ

SNonIntraSearchQ

Always
measuring

Srxlev

Srxlev

SIntraSearchP

Always Measuring

SNonIntraSearchP

Always
Measuring

Always Measuring

From SIB ,UE can get the serving cell and IRAT neighbors priorities.
For the high priority cells, UE measure them always, for the low priority cells, UE measure them in case
of the serving cell signal is lower than the threshold.
The intra frequency cells have the same frequency priority, frequencies of different RATs must have
different priorities.
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page45

Data Configuration of Neighboring Cell


Measurement Threshold

SNonIntraSearchP

SNonIntraSearchCfgInd

SNonIntraSearchQ

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page47

Cell Reselection Criteria Overview


Reselection to a Better Cell
Cell Reselection
Principal

TDD
TDD

S-eNB is worse than


Thresh_serving.low & T-BTS is
better than Thresh_x.low

FDD
FDD

Cell Reselection

High Prio.
eNodeB

UMTS/GSM

T-eNB is better than Thresh_x.high

No need consider serving cell

Low Prio.
eNodeB/BTS

Both CellS and Celln should be


considered

Low Prio. -> High


Prio.
Happens when UE
enters Higher
Priority
Cell.
High
Prio.
-> Low
Prio.
Happens when UE
moves out of
Higher Priority Cell.

UEs camp on Cell


which providing best
service

Cell Reselection (Low -> High)


Cell Reselection (High -> Low)

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page48

Inter-RAT Cell Selection Criteria

During reselection to an inter-RAT neighboring cell, the Srxlev


and Squal values of inter-RAT neighboring cells need to be
calculated as follows:

UTRAN Neighboring cell

Srxlev = Qrxlevmeas - (Qrxlevmin + Qrxlevminoffset)


Pcompensation

GERAN Neighboring cell

Srxlev = Qrxlevmeas - Qrxlevmin Pcompensation

CDMA2000 Neighboring cell

Squal = Qqualmeas - (Qqualmin + Qqualminoffset)

Srxlev = -FLOOR(-2 x 10 x log10 Ec/Io)

Reselection to an inter-RAT cell can be classified into reselection to

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page49

The General Procedure of Reselection


to a Higher-priority Cell
No need consider serving cell

When ThrshServLowQCfgInd CFG


that is to say, SIB3 contains
threshServingLowQ, only for EUTRAN
and UTRAN neighbour cells, using :

Squal>Threshx.highQ.

While for GERAN and CDMA neighbour


cells , no matter whether
ThrshServLowQCfgInd CFG, always
using:

Srxlev> Threshx.high

Cell Reselection( Low -> High)


step1
ThrshServLowQCfgInd
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

step2
ThreshServingLowQ

Page51

The Data Configuration of Reselection


to a Higher-priority Cell(1/2)
TReselUtran

UTRAN

ThreshXHigh
ThreshXHighQ

TReselGeran

GERAN
ThreshXHigh

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page52

The Data Configuration of Reselection


to a Higher-priority Cell(2/2)

TreselectionHrpd

CDMA2000

Cdma1XrttTreselection

Cdma20001XrttThreshXHigh

Cdma2000HrpdThreshXHigh
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page53

The General Procedure of


Reselection to a Lower-priority
Cell
When ThrshServLowQCfgInd CFG

that is to say, SIB3 contains

Both CellS and Celln should be considered

threshServingLowQ,

For serving cell,


Squal<threshServingLowQ

For EUTRAN and UTRAN neighbour


cells, Squal>threshXLowQ

When ThrshServLowQCfgInd NOT


CFG,

For serving cell,


Srxlev<threshServingLow

Cell Reselection (High

-> Low)

For EUTRAN and UTRAN neighbour


cells, Srxlev>threshXLow

While for GERAN and CDMA neighbour


cells , no matter whether
ThrshServLowQCfgInd CFG,

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Srxlev>Page54
threshXLow

The Data Configuration of


Reselection to a Lower-priority
Cell(1/2)

TReselUtran

UTRAN

ThreshXLow
ThreshXLowQ

TReselGeran

GERAN
ThreshXLow

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page55

The Data Configuration of


Reselection to a Lower-priority
Cell(2/2)
TreselectionHrpd

CDMA2000

Cdma1XrttTreselection

Cdma20001XrttThreshXLow
Cdma2000HrpdThreshXLow

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page56

Contents
1.

LTE Interoperability in Idle Mode Overview

2.

IRAT PLMN Selection Procedure

3.

IRAT Cell Selection Criteria

4.

IRAT Cell Reselection Criteria

5.

IRAT Signaling Procedure in Idle Mode

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page57

MS

eNodeB

new SGSN

old MME

S-GW

P-GW

HSS

LTE->GU Cell
Reselection
GnGp SGSN

0. UE changes to UTRAN or GERAN


1. Routeing Area Update Request
2. SGSN Context Request
2. SGSN Context Response
3. Security Functions
4. SGSN Context Acknowledge

old SGSN
6. Update PDP Context Request
6. Update PDP Context Response
7. Update Location
8. Cancel Location
8. Cancel Location Ack
9. Insert Subscriber Data
9. Insert Subscriber Data Ack
10. Update Location Ack
11. Routeing Area Update Accept
12. Routeing Area Update Complete

13. Delete Session Request


13. Delete Session Response

13. S1-AP: S1 Release

Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Key process of inter RAT


RAU
Locate UE identity
MME check P-TMSI
signature
MME mapping MM context
MME performs EPS and
PDP context mapping
include pre-R8 and R8 QoS
mapping
Create PDP context and
delete bearer

Other step is just as intra


Page58

GU->LTE
Cell Reselection
Gn/Gp SGSN

Key process of inter RAT


TAU
Locate UE identity
MME check PTMSI
signature
MME mapping MM context
MME performs EPS and PDP
context mapping include
pre-R8 and R8 QoS
mapping
Crete PDP context and delete
PDP context
Copyright 2013 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page60
Other is just as the same as

Thank you
www.huawei.com