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Understanding Memory

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Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter2- 4

Memory

Bytes and Addressable memory


Memory Sizes
Types of Memory
RAM
Cache
ROM
Flash Memory
CMOS
Memory Access Time

Objective Overview

Differentiate
among the
various types of
memory
See Page 209
for Detailed Objectives

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 2-4

Memory
Memory consists of electronic
components that store instructions
waiting to be executed by the
processor, data needed by those
instructions, and the results of
processing the data
The operating
Data being
system
Storesand
three basic
categoriesprocessed
of items:
Application
and
other system
software

Page 223

programs

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

the resulting
information

Memory
Each location in memory has an address
Memory size is measured in kilobytes
(KB or K), megabytes (MB),
gigabytes (GB), or terabytes (TB)

Page 223
Figure 4-17

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

Memory
The system unit contains two types of
memory:

Volatile
memory

Nonvolatile
memory

Loses its contents


when power is
turned off

Does not lose


contents when
power is removed

Example includes
RAM

Examples include
ROM, flash
memory, and CMOS

Pages 223 - 224

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

Memory

Page 224
Figure 4-18

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

Memory
Three basic types of RAM chips exist:
Dynamic RAM
(DRAM)

Page 225
Figure 4-19

Static RAM
(SRAM)

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

Magnetoresistiv
e RAM (MRAM)

Memory
RAM chips usually reside on a memory
module and are inserted into memory
slots

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Figure 4-20

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

Memory
The amount of RAM necessary in a
computer often depends on the types of
software you plan to use

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Figure 4-21

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

10

Memory
Memory cache speeds the processes of the
computer because it stores frequently used
instructions and data

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Figure 4-22

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

11

Memory

Page 228

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

12

Memory
Flash memory can be erased
electronically and rewritten
CMOS technology provides high speeds
and consumes little power

Pages 228 229


Figure 4-23

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

13

Memory
Access time is the amount of time it
takes the processor to read from
memory
Measured in nanoseconds

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Figures 4-24 4-25

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

14

Putting It All Together

Page 239
Figure 4-38

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

15

Putting It All Together

Page 239
Figure 4-38

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

16

Keeping Your Computer


or Mobile Device Clean
Clean your computer or mobile device once or
twice a year
Turn off and unplug your computer or mobile
device before cleaning it
Use compressed air to blow away dust
Use an antistatic wipe to clean the exterior of the
case and a cleaning solution and soft cloth to
clean the screen
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Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

17

Video: The Leopard with a


Time Machine

CLICK TO START
Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

18

Summary

Differentiate
among the
various types of
memory
Page 241

Discovering Computers 2012: Chapter 4

19

Chapter 2

Chapter 2Complete