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ENVIROMENTAL

LAWS

Republic Act 8435


Republic Act 8749
Republic Act 9003

Republic Act 8435


Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act of 1997
December 22, 1997
It is the policy of the State to ensure that all sectors of the
economy and all regions of the country shall be given
optimum opportunity to develop through the rational and
sustainable use of resources peculiar to each area in order to
maximize agricultural productivity, promote efficiency and
equity and accelerate the modernization of the agriculture
and fisheries sectors of the country.

It is the policy of the State to use its natural resources


rationally and equitably. The state shall prevent the further
destruction of watersheds, rehabilitate existing irrigation
systems and promote the development of irrigation systems
that are effective, affordable, appropriate, and efficient.
focuses on five (5) major concerns: poverty alleviation and
social equity, food security, global competitiveness,
sustainable development, and income profitability especially
for farmers and fisher folks.

Objectives:
To modernize the agriculture and fisheries sectors
To enhance profits and incomes in the agriculture and
fisheries sectors
To ensure the accessibility, availability and stable supply of
food to all at all times
To adopt policies that will promote industry dispersal and
rural industrialization

Objectives:
To provide social and economic adjustment measures that
increase productivity and improve market efficiency while
ensuring the protection and preservation of the environment
and equity for small farmers and fisherfolk;
To improve the quality of life of all sectors

Republic Act 8749


Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999
June 23, 1999
The State recognizes that a clean and healthy environment is
for the good of all and should, therefore, be the concern of all.

Policies
Formulate a holistic national program of air pollution
management
Encourage cooperation and self-regulation among citizens
and industries
Focus primarily on pollution prevention rather than on control
Formulate and enforce a system of accountability for short
and long-term adverse environmental impact of a project,
program or activity

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Pollution from Stationary Sources
Ban on Incineration
1. Fuel Burning Equipment
a) Urban or Industrial Area

150 mg/Ncm

b) Other Area

200mg/Ncm

2. Cement Plants (Kilns, etc.)

150 mg/Ncm

3) Smelting Furnaces

150 mg/Ncm

4) Other stationary Sources


(other industrial plans)

200mg/Ncm

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Pollution from Motor Vehicles
- DOTC shall consider the maximum limits for all major
pollutants to ensure substantial improvement in air quality for
the health, safety and welfare of the general public.
Reference Weight CO
HC
+ PMa(g/km)
(RW) (kg)
(g/km) NOx(g/k
m)
Category 1

1250< RW

Category 2
Category 3

2.72

0.97

0.14

1250< RW<1700 5.17

1.4

0.19

RW>1700

1.7

0.25

6.9

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Pollution from Other Sources
- Pollution from smoking
- Smoking inside a public building or an enclosed public place including
public vehicle or in any enclosed area outside of one's private
residence is prohibited

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Fuels, Additives and Substances
There will be specifications for all types of fuel and fuel-related
products, to improve fuel composition for increased efficiency and
reduced emissions
specify the allowable content of additives in all types of fuels and fuelrelated products

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Other Pollutants
Ozone-Depleting Substances
Greenhouse Gases.
Persistent Organic Pollutants
Radioactive Emissions

Administrative Fines
a fine of not more than One hundred thousand pesos
(P100,000.00) for every day of violation against the owner or
operator of a stationary source.
The fines herein prescribed shall be increased by at least ten
percent (10%), every three (3) years to compensate for
inflation and to maintain the deterrent function of such fine.

Republic Act 9003


Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 200
January 26, 2001

Policies
Ensure the protection of the public health and environment
Set guidelines and targets for solid waste avoidance and
volume reduction
Ensure the proper segregation, collection, transport, storage,
treatment and disposal of solid waste
Encourage greater private sector participation in solid waste
management
Promote national research and development programs for
improved solid waste management

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Segregation of Wastes
Shall be divided into compostable", "non-recyclable", "recyclable" or
"special waste
Segregation of wastes shall primarily be conducted at the source, to
include household, institutional, industrial, commercial and agricultural
sources:

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Collection and Transport of Solid Wastes
All collectors should wear the proper personal protective equipment
Necessary training shall be given to the collectors
The use of separate collection schedules and/or separate trucks or
haulers shall be required for specific types of wastes

Composting
Compost products intended to be distributed commercially shall
conform with the standards for organic fertilizers set by the DA. The DA
shall assist the compost producers to ensure that the compost
products conform to such standards.

Waste Management Facilities


No open dumps shall be established and operated

Guidelines for Controlled Dumps


(a) Regular inert cover;
(b) Surface water and peripheral site drainage control;
(c) Provision for aerobic and anaerobic decomposition;
(d) Restriction of waste deposition to small working areas;
(e) Fence, including provisions for litter control

Penal Provisions
Littering, throwing, dumping of waste matters in public places
The open burning of solid waste
Squatting in open dumps and landfills
The manufacture, distribution or use of non-environmentally
acceptable packaging materials