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PI & FUZZY CONTROL BASED FACTS

DEVICE FOR POWER QUALITY


IMPROVEMENT OF WIND ENERGY
SYSTEM
Under Esteemed Guidance of
B.RAJESH M.Tech
Assistant Professor
EEE Dept.
By
S.MANJU
Roll No: 10521D5609

Contents
Introduction
Power quality
STATCOM

Conclusion
References

Introduction:
Electric power quality have become more increasingly

important and plays an essential role in power system


planning.
Electric energy transfer must not be interrupted and at the

same time there must provide reliable, stable and high quality
of electric power.
In this project, we had shown the power quality improvement

using STATCOM.

Power Quality:
Any power problem that results in failure or mis-operation of
customer equipment, manifests itself as an economic burden to the
user, or produces negative impacts on the environment.

Main Power quality problems:


Voltage Sags or Dips
Voltage Swells
Harmonic Distortion
Power Factor

Solutions to Power Quality Problems :


Lightening and Surge arresters
Thyristor Based Static Switches
Energy Storage Systems
Electronic Tap Changing Transformers
Harmonic Filters
Constant Voltage Transformers

FACTS:
Applications of FACTS-Devices:
Power flow control
Increase of transmission capability
Voltage control
Reactive power compensation
Stability improvement
Power quality improvement

Devices used in FACTS:


Distribution static compensator(DSTATCOM)
Static compensator(STATCOM)
Dynamic voltage restorer(DVR)
Unified power quality conditioner(UPQC)

Grid connected Wind Energy System:

Proposed STATCOM control scheme for grid connected wind


energy generation for power quality improvement

Wind Energy :
The terms wind energy or wind power describe the

process by which the wind is used to generate


mechanical power or electricity.
Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy in the wind
into mechanical power.
Mechanical power can be used for specific tasks
(such as grinding grain or pumping water) or a
generator can convert this mechanical power into
electricity.

Grid connected wind energy system without


compensator:

simulation diagram of grid connected wind energy system

Out put wave forms:

System response in absence of compensator (a)Source current (b)


Load current (c) Compensating current (d) Induction generator current

THD for a circuit without compensator:

FFT Analysis of Phase-A Source Current for Balanced Non-Linear


Load, here we get 27.77%.

Grid connected wind energy system using


STATCOM:

Simulation diagram of a system using STATCOM

Out put wave forms:

Out put wave forms of source and load currents when STATCOM
is in off condition from 0 0.1 after the 0.1 time STATCOM is in
operating condition

Power factor for Non- linear Load:

After compensation power factor is unity

THD for a circuit with STATCOM:

FFT Analysis of Phase-A Source Current for Balanced Non-Linear


Load, here we get 2.53%.

Main Objective of this project:


Power factor correction
Voltage regulation
Harmonic filtering in distribution systems.
Power quality improvement by using STATCOM

Grid connected wind energy system with


Fuzzy control based STATCOM:

Simulation diagram of a system with fuzzy control based STATCOM

Out put wave forms:

Out put wave forms of source and load currents when STATCOM is in off
condition from 0 0.1 after the 0.1 time FUZZY based STATCOM is in
operating condition

THD for a circuit with Fuzzy based


STATCOM:

FFT analysis of the source current using the fuzzy


controller, we get 0.40%.

THD for a circuit with PI&Fuzzy based


STATCOM :

FFT analysis of the source current using the PI&Fuzzy


controller, we get 0.17%.

Conclusion:
This project presents the FUZZY

control based

STATCOM scheme for reactive power compensation and


harmonic reduction in grid connected wind generating
system feeding non linear load.
The control system for the STATCOM is simulated using

soft ware MAT LAB/SIMULINK.


The proposed control scheme has improved the power

quality requirement of a low voltage grid connected wind


driven IG system feeding a non-linear load.

References:
[I] 1. 0 .Q. Tande 'Applying Power Quality Characteristics of wind turbine for
Assessing impact on Voltage Quality', Wind Energy, pp 52, 2002.
[2] Z. Chen, E. Spooner, 'Grid Power Quality with Variable Speed Wind
Turbines', IEEE Trans on Energy Conversion, Vol. 16, No .2, pp 148- 154,
June 200 I.
[3] L. H. Hansen, L. Helle, F. Blaabjerg, E. Ritchie, S. Munk-Nielsen, H.
Binder, P. S0rensen and B. Bak - Jensen "Conceptual Survey of
Generators and Power Electronics for Wind Turbines ", Ris0 National
Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark, December 200l.