Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 47

# FLOTATION KINETICS

## A flotation model is similar to chemical kinetics

dN/dt =-k1 N1a- k2 N2b
N - species (1 and 2) concentration
t- time
k - rate constant(s)
a, b process order
due to the loss
of particles being floated.
-exponents a and b signify the order of the process
Since flotation seems to depend only on particles concentration
dN/dt =-k1 N1a

## Flotation kinetics models

Model
Classic first order
Modified first order
For reactor with ideal mixing
Kinetics of second order
Modified second order
Two rate constants
Distributed rate constants

Relation

= [1 exp (k1t)]
= {1 1/(k2t)[1 exp (k2t)]}
= [1 1/(1 + t/k3)]*
= k4t/(1 + k4t)*
= ( )2 k5t/(1 + k5t)
= {1 [ln (1 + k6t)]/(k6t)}
= [1 { exp (k7t) + (1 ) exp(k8t)}
= [1 exp(kt) f (k, 0) dk]

## * Equivalent models because k3 = 1/k4.

flotation recovery after time t,
maximum recovery,
fraction of particles having lower flotation rate constant, k7,
k
flotation rate constant.

more

A. Bakalarz, J. Drzymala, 2013, Interrelation of the Fuerstenau upgrading curve parameters with kinetics of
separation, Physicochemical Problem of Mineral Processing, 49(2), 443-451

components

## product (yield vs time)

components (recovery vs
time)
Flotation
results plotted as a relationship between recovery of each
component in concentrate and separation time (a), yield of
components forming concentrate vs. separation time (b)
A. Bakalarz, J. Drzymala, 2013, Interrelation of the Fuerstenau upgrading curve parameters with kinetics of
separation, Physicochemical Problem of Mineral Processing, 49(2), 443-451

## The kinetics of separation of feed components (a) provide separation

results in the form of the Fuerstenau upgrading curve (b).

A. Bakalarz, J. Drzymala, 2013, Interrelation of the Fuerstenau upgrading curve parameters with kinetics of
separation, Physicochemical Problem of Mineral Processing, 49(2), 443-451

c,1

13

## recovery of component 1 in concentrate

c,2 recovery of component 2 in concentrat

plot

4*

13

## Remeber: for characterizing separation results

we need either two parameter or a law governi
separation and then you can use one paramete
which can be called selectivity as in these plots
selectivity k

## *for a suitable equation see previous slide

(more plots in A. Bakalarz, J. Drzymala, 2013, Interrelation of the Fuerstenau upgrading curve parameters
with kinetics of separation, Physicochemical Problem of Mineral Processing, 49(2), 443-451

plot

100

100

80

10

plant 3, trial 1
a=102.28

60

60

= a(100-r)/(a-r)

40

40

20

a=
~
10
00

a=100

~1

80

a=

F = (89/89)

20

0
0

20

40

60

80

100

## Polish copper ore lab tests with xanthate

20

40

60

80
component 2 in product 2,%

100

Homework
Calculate the rate constant and order of a set of yield flotation
data

FLOTATION DEVICES
Microlaboratory cells
Laboratory cells
Laboratory machines
Industrial machines
Mechanical
Pneumo-mechanical
Pneumatic
Pressurized (DAF)
Other (sparged hydrocyclone, ASH)

Laboratory cells

water level
magnetic stirrer
porous glass
gas

deflector

froth
product

water level
x

stirrer
porous glass

flotaton product

gas

## Other laboratory flotation devices

a) cylindrical cell equipped with magnetic stirrer (Fuerstenau, 1964)
b) laboratory flotation device of Partridge and Smith, 1971

drive

air

machine

## Laboratory Denver flotation

machine

Industrial flotation

group (bank)

and circular

## Constructions and impellers of flotation machines are different

FLOTATION MACHINES
MECHANICAL

Denver
Mechanobr
Fagergreen (WEMCO-EIMCO)

DENVER

## Wemco-Fagergreen (V=0.085 85m3)

Kelly E.G., Spottiswood D.J., Introduction to mineral processing. J.Wiley& Sons, N.Jork 1985

Wemco-Fagergreen (WEMCO-EIMCO)
mechanical flotation machines

## EIMCO Product Leaflets, 2000

FLOTATION MACHINES
PNEUMO-MECHANICAL
Denver
Agitair
Metso RCS (Metso Minerals)
Outotec (Outokumpu)
X-Cell (FLSmidth Minerals)
Humbolt-Wedag
IMN Gliwice

## Fragment of mechano-pneumatic flotation machine

(continueous, multi-impeller tankless Denver D-R

## Wills B.A., Mineral processing

technology. Pergamon Press 1983

## Pneumo-mechanic multi-tank (15m3 each)

(Aker FM Humbold Wedag)

tailing

fe
ed

Maszyna
przepywowa
wielowirnikowa

Maszyna
jednowirnikowa

## Historyczny rozwj pojemnoci maszyn flotacyjnych

Flotation technologies. Outotec Leaflets 2007

TankCell 300
300m3

## Outokumpu Oy Leaflets 2000

Flotation technologies, Outotec Oyj. Leaflets 2007

## RCS (Reactor Cell System) from 5 to 200 m3 (Metso

Minerals/Svedala)
slurry to tank
wall
2-primary slurry
stream to
benith impeller
3-secondary
recirculation
towards upper
part of tank

Minerals 2003

## RCS (Reactor Cell System) from 260 m3 (Metso Minerals)

pneumo-machanic
XCELL (FLSmidth Minerals)

## XCELL Flotation Machines. FLSmidth Mineralss brochure 2008.

PNEUMATIC
FLOTATION MACHINES
FLOTATION COLUMNS
Metso
Outotec (Outokumpu)

## INJECTION FLOTATION MACHINES

Jameson Cell
Imhoflot
Pneuflot (Humbolt-Wedag)

## Injection Jameson Cell

Pneumatic PNEUFLOT

## Multi-injection Imhoflot 3 (centrifugal flotation)

fee
d

compress
ed air
air
plus
suspensio
n
feed reagent
s

concentrat
e
tailing
feed
pump

tailing
pump

Pneumatic cell Imhoflot. Maelgwyn Mineral Service leaflet 4/06 Chile 2006

Injection column

Siemens
SIMINE Hybrid Flot

## SSURIZED FLOTATION MACHINES

Dissolved air flotation (DAF)