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Harriet Ross Tubman

(1819-1913)
Harriet Tubman and Family
Name at birth: Araminta Ross

Date of Birth: Approx. 1819 – 1821

Birth State: Dorchester County, Maryland

Plantation: Brodas plantation

Parents : Harriet “Old Rit” Greene and


Benjamin Ross

Siblings: Harriet was the 5th of nine children

Husbands: John Tubman(1844 – 1851)


Nelson Davis(1869-1913)

Type of work: Slave, Civil War Nurse, Civil


Rights activist

Date of Death: March 10,1913


Harriet Tubman and Family
Harriet Tubman started working
on the Brodas plantation when
she was 6 years old.

She worked for different families


and was sometimes whipped
and beaten for not doing a good
job.

While she was still in her early


teens, she suffered a blow to the
head while protecting another
slave from an angry guard.
Tubman’s Era

Blacks were treated unfairly in the 1800’s because they would have to
work hard and get nothing in return. They could not sleep in
comfortable beds. Their beds were made out of old ripped covers,
spread out on the floor.

Quakers were a Religious Society of Friends who were against


slavery too. Slaves could talk to Quakers and the slaves could
trust them.

An abolitionist was a person


who wanted to end slavery. In
the 1830's abolitionists began
to speak out in public.
Tubman’s Era (cont.)
In the northern states, people
were against slavery. Slaves
from the south wanted to
escape and seek freedom up
north.

The American Civil War


(1861–1865), was a war
between the northern and
southern states. The war was
to decide if slavery was going
to continue come to an end.
Places Tubman lived
•Harriet lived in Dorchester
County, Maryland in a log
cabin when she was born.

•In 1849, Tubman escaped
to Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania.

•Last she lived in Auburn,
New York where she died
in 1913

Why is Tubman Famous?
At the age of 12, Tubman blocked a doorway to protect another slave
from an upset guard. The guard picked up a two pound weight and
threw it at the runaway slave but hit Tubman in the head instead.

After escaping from slavery in 1849, she committed herself to fight


for freedom, equality, and justice for the rest of her life. Tubman
fought for other slaves and earned the biblical name, Moses.

Tubman was a Slave, Civil War Nurse, Civil Rights activist who fought for
the right for women to vote.

Tubman was also famous for serving in the Union army during Civil War as
spy and nurse.
Steps to Accomplishments
Tubman was the conductor of the Underground Railroad which was the field
of safe houses for slaves to rest while traveling up north to freedom.

She was helped by many people on her journeys to help slaves escape. They
included free and enslaved blacks, abolitionists and other activists.

Reports say that her quest started


in East New Market, MD then hid in
Caroline County, MD. Then she
would travel northeast along the
Choptank River, through Delaware
into Pennsylvania. Tubman traveled
at night by foot using the North Star
to guide them to their destination
which was about 90 miles.
Reasons for Escaping and
helping others
She helped slaves
escape because not only
did she want to be free
but she wanted others to
have freedom too. Also,
she wanted families to
stay together and not be
sold to other plantation
owners. Tubman wanted
slavery to end because
she wanted her people to
stop suffering.
Accomplishment Effects
on us Today
Harriet Tubman
would be proud to
know that because
of her role in history,
blacks are no longer
slaves. In addition,
blacks and women
have the right to
vote.
Fun Facts
•Harriet Tubman’s name growing
up was “Minty”.

•She was the 5th of 9 children.

•Approximately 300 slaves
escaped because of her efforts.

•Tubman suffered narcolepsy
because of a blow to the head
when she was young.

•When she died, she was buried
with military honors in Fort Hill
Cemetery in Auburn, NY.
We have come a
long way. Barack
Obama 44th
president of the
United States of
America

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