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Modify Commands

Off set

Invoke the Move

Select / Type the Move command

Select the object which is going to be moved

Mention the distance at which place it is going to be place

Invoke the Rotate

Select the object which is going to be rotated
Select / Type the rotate command
Select the center point
Mention the angle at which it is going to be rotated

Invoke the Copy

Select the object which is going to be copied
Select / Type the copy Command
Type the distance or move the cursor to make the copies

Invoke the Mirror

Select the object which is going to be mirrored
Select / Type the mirror command
Select the first point
Select the second point
select yes or No to erase the original object or not

The Undo Options

If you draw a line, and then realize that you made an error, you can remove
the line.
using the undo option.

If you need to remove more than one line, you can use this option multiple
times and go as far back as you want.

Use : U / Undo from shortcut menu.

Concept of Cartesian
Coordinate System
Absolute Coordinate System

Relative Coordinate System

Polar Coordinate System

Cartesian Coordinate
Any entities place on the working
two dimensional plane can be
defined relative to the Cartesian
coordinate system.
The Cartesian coordinate system
divides a two dimensional plane
with two perpendicular axis.
The X axis runs horizontal across
the bottom of the screen. The Y
axis runs vertically along the left
side of the screen.

Absolute, Relative
Rectangle & Polar
Absolute Coordinate System
In the absolute coordinate system, the points are located with respect to the origin
In AutoCAD, the absolute coordinates are specified by entering X and Y coordinates,
separated by comma.

Relative Rectangular Coordinates

In relative rectangular coordinate system the displacements along X and Y axes are
measured with reference to the previous point rather than to the origin.
In AutoCAD, the relative coordinate system is designated by the symbol @ and it
should precede any relative entry e.g., @4,0

Relative Polar Coordinates

In relative polar coordinate system, a point can be located by defining both the
distance of the point from the current point and the angle that the line between the two
points ma kes with the positive X
axis. e.g., @5<30 specifies a point at a distance of 5 units from the previous point and
at an angle of 30-degree to the X axis

Direct Distance Entry

You can draw a line by specifying the length of the line and its
direction, using direct distance entry.

The direction is determined by the position of the cursor, and the

length of the line is entered from the keyboard.

Command : Line
Specify first point : Start Point.
Specify next point or [Undo] :Position the cursor and then enter the
Specify next point or [Undo] :Position the cursor and then enter the

Draw Lines using

Different Methods

Draw Lines using Different


Draw Lines using

Different Methods

Lab Task

Draw the object shown using Absolute,

Relative Rectangular, or relative polar
coordinate system.

Construction Line
This is continuous Line and extending to Identify from both side.

To activate this
Type xline in command window
Icon of construction line in Draw Toolbar


Options of Circle
The Center and Radius Option.
The Center and Diameter Option.
The Two-Point Option.
The Three-Point Option.
The Tangent Tangent Radius Option.
The Tangent, Tangent, Tangent Option.

The Center and Radius

How to Proceed:
Type/ select Circle >> Enter >> Specify starting point >> Enter
Type the radius of the circle.



The Center and Diameter


2,3 D

The Two-Point Option

In this option, AutoCAD lets you draw the circle by specifying the
two endpoints of the circles diameter


2P 1,1


The Three-Point Option

The circle can also be drawn by defining three points on the
circumference of the circle e.g.,
CIRCLE 3P 3,3 3,1 4,2
You can also use relative rectangular coordinates to define the
points e.g.,

CIRCLE 3P 3,3 @0,-2 @1,1

The Tangent Tangent

The tangent is an object ( line, circle, or arc ) that contacts the
circumference of a circle at only one point.
This option is used to locate two tangent points on the selected
objects that are to be tangents to the circle.
CIRCLE T select first line, circle, or arc.
select second line, circle, or arc.
Radius of circle

The Tangent Tangent

This option is used to locate three points on the selected objects to
which the circle is drawn tangent.
CIRCLE Select Tan, Tan, Tan option from the DRAW menu
select the first object
select the second object
select the third object

Lab Task

Lab Tak

Drawing Arcs and

Draw an Arc :
Type arc in command window
Menu : Draw > Arc
The default method for drawing arc is the 3 point option.
Draw a Rectangle :
Type Rectangle in command window specified starting point d
type length type width
Menu : Draw > Rectangle

Options of Rectangle
Chamfer : Angled Corners
Fillet : rounded corners
Width : width of line segments
Thickness : rectangle extruded in z direction
Elevation : rectangle at a specified distance from the XY plane
along z axis.

Drawing Polygon
A regular polygon is a close geometric figure with equal angles. The number
of sides vary from 3 to 1024 e.g., a triangle is a three-sided polygon and a
pentagon is a five-sided polygon.
How to Proceed:
Select / Type Polygon in command window
Once you invoke the polygon command, it prompts you to enter the number
of sides. e.g 8
After you specify the number of sides, the next prompt is Specify center of
polygon or [Edge]. e.g 5 (for edge you pressed E)
The next prompt is Enter an option [ Inscribed in circle/ Circumscribed
about circle]. (Use I for Inscribed and C for Circumscribed.
After this enter the radius of the circle e.g enter 5

Drawing Polygon
A polygon is said to be inscribed when it is drawn inside an imaginary circle
and its vertices (corners) touch the circle. Likewise, a polygon is

When it is draw outside the imaginary circle and side of the polygon are
tangents to the circle (midpoint of each side of the polygon will lie on the

Drawing Polygon
polygon 6 E 2,4 2,2.5
The polygon is drawn in a counterclockwise direction, with the two points
entered defining
its first edge.

Drawing Polygon
Circle enter the radius 5
Select Polygon 8 sided specify the center point of circle Enter I for
inscribed circle select the radius of the circle that is 5.

Drawing Ellipses
If a circle is observed from an angle, the shape seen is called an Ellipse,
which can be created in
AutoCAD using the Ellipse command.
Menu : Draw > Ellipse
Major and Minor axis control the size of the ellipse.
ellipse 3,3 6,3 1
ellipse 3,3 4,2 2

Drawing an Ellipse using

the axis
Endpoint option
3,3 6,3 1

ellipse 3,3 4,2 2

Drawing an Ellipse using

the axis
Endpoint option
3,3 6,3 R 0
ellipse 3,3 6,3 R 80

Note: When you enter R (rotation), the first

axis specified is automatically taken as the
major axis of the ellipse. The next prompt is
Specify rotation around major axis. The
major axis is taken as the diameter line of
the circle, and the rotation takes place
around this diameter line into the third
when AutoCAD projects this rotated circle
into the drawing plane.

Drawing an Ellipse using

the center and two axes
ellipse C 4,4 6,4 1

The center of an ellipse is defined as the point of intersection of the major

and minor axes..

Drawing Elliptical Arcs

Menu : Draw > Ellipse > Arc

It is a way of filling in areas of your drawing with a pre-formatted pattern to
represent certain materials.
It is usually used in sectional views.
How to Proceed:

Draw >> select Hatch

Type Hatch in command window
Select the object which is being hatched
Select the Hatch type