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INDIAN RAILWAY INSTITUTION OF SIGNAL ENGINEERING AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS

Prepared by

ASHISH AKHAND
JE/TELE
RATLAM

I present this report with a deep sense of


gratitude towards Shri Jayarajan (ICT/IRISET)
and Shri Vivek Chakraverty (Course
Director) Initial Course App. JE/Tele, for
encouraging this topic to evaluate practical
implication, scope & future improvements.
I also take this opportunity to thanks Shri V K
PACHGADE (SSE/Tele/Cable/UJN) & his
staff for their valuable support that I am today
able to complete this project work.

A PROJECT REPORT ON
OFC BASED CONTROL
COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
OF RATLAM DIVISION OF
WESTERN RAILWAY

This Project gives general idea about the


OFC BASED control communication
system working in RATLAM DIVISION of
WESTERN RAILWAY.
Focused on a New Equipment of control
telephone works on OFC or CCEO as per
the RDSO/SPN/66/2007 for providing an
omnibus control circuit for communication
between control office and way stations,
utilizing one speech channel from OFC
network.

There

are 123 Stations in


RATLAM Division which are being
controlled
by
FIVE
Section
Controllers.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

RTM-GDA (BG)
RTM-NDA (BG)
RTM-UJN-BPL (BG) RTM-KNW (MG)
RTM-COR (BG)
-

25
23
24
28
23

STATION
STATION
STATION
STATION
STATION

OFC CABLE AND 6 QUAD CABLE NETWORK DIAGRAM OF RTM


DIVISION
158.13 Km

SJP

54.98 Km from NAD


95.86 Km

UJN

To KTT

62 Km

41 Km

DWX

00.00 Km

RTM
MW

EXCHANGE

33 Km

453.82 Km

42Km

FTD

CNA

34Km

75.79 Km

4 Km

IND

32 Km
4 Km

COR

238.44 Km

LMNR

3 Km

8 Km

TO BPL

36 Km

40 Km

22 Km

158 Km

158.25 Km

39 Km

36.04 Km

NAD
695.97 Km

TO AII

SEH
42 Km

MKC

55 Km

199.68 Km

56 Km

0.3 Km

NMH

133 Km

79.23 Km from UJN

52 Km

BNG421.72 Km from AII

165.91 Km
45 Km

RTM T/R

241.66 Km

BMI

654.62 Km
609.54 Km

STM16 LINK
Work in progress of STM1 in this section
STM1 installed at all station in this section

68 Km

MICROWAVE
OFC CABLE RCIL
72 Km

OFC CABLE ITI work in progress


6 Quad CABLE work in progress
OFC CABLE Construction Dept.
OFC CABLE RE.

DHD
541.24 Km

4 Quad Cable

Updated on 10/04/2010

GDA
469.41 Km

To BRC

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Section Control
Deputy Control
Engineering Control
Emergency Control (EC)
Traction Power Control (TPC)
Traction Loco Control (TLC)
Remote Control (RC)

RATLAM Division is a large division. For


effective communication it has following
medias for control communication:

OFC along with quad cable.


Microwave system.
RE cables.
Over Head Wires. (RTM-KNW Section)

This system mainly comprises of two main


system parts :1. Headquarter Equipment Set
2. Way Station Equipment Set
The equipments installed is first time in IR
of this type; M/S MARVAL make. Works on
OFC network with special features.

It comprises the following:-

1.TRE - Test Room Equipment


2.CRE - Control Room Equipment
3.LTE - Local Telephone Equipment
All the above modules can fixed in standard 19 rack and also wall mounted
The system works on -48V DC

It comprises the following:1.MTWE - Multi Telephone Way Station


Equipment and Desk Telephone
2.TWA - Three Way Amplifier
3.RPE - Remote Patch Equipment
4.TDCT - Two Wire Control Telephone
with Dialing facility
All the equipments can be wall mounted or fixed in standard 19 rake.

EQUIPMENTS CONNECTIVITY
TO MW LINK

MW/BSNL

MW/BSNL

MW/BSNL

RPE

RPE

MUX
TO OFC LINK

CRE

8 WIRE CABLE

4-WIRE

STM1

STM1
MUX

TRE
LTE
20 LOCAL TELEPHONE

M
T
W
E
TWO WIRE TELEPHONE
FOUR Nos.

STM1

Tx
from MUX

TWA

Rx
Tx

Tx
Rx

MTWE

Rx

MTWE
To push button telephone (2-wire)

To push button telephone (2-wire)

MAXIMUM THREE NUMBERS OF TWA CAN BE CONNECTED TO INCREASE THE NOS. OF TELPHONES

Remote Patching Equipment

Multi Telephone Way Station Equipment

Three Way Amplifier

All Equipments Work on -48V DC.

For this VRLA Battery (2V,120Ah) & 48V SMPS


based
Battery Charger is used.
At all locations STM1 installations Power Supply
is used.

Communication Fail:- May be due to break


in media i.e. OFC, Quad Cable or Over Head
Wires.

Low Speech: - The signal level is tested by


Transmission Measuring Set and to be
adjusted at way station or control office.

Noise:- It is caused due to loose connections


at KRONE ,U links or any other places.

The Protection of the Control Circuit in case


of OFC link failure is achieved by MW
Patching or by BSNL Patching or by
Protection path through another OFC link
Patching.

MEASURING & TESTING EQUIPMENTS


. TMS (Transmission Measuring Set) KIT

. DIGITAL MULTIMETER

The new equipment used in this system


is robust and works on -48V DC,
so it is almost MAITENANCE FREE
AND REMOTELY OPERATED & MONITORED
suitable for OFC installations.
It completes the general requirements of Train traffic
control communication system.