Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 13

Optimal placement of shunt connected FACTS device

in the series compensated long transmission line.

We thank for the continued support from management


Special thanks to HOD V. Ramesh sir.
Assisted by B. Vijaya kumar sir.
By.
MD. Hajira Begum
Shahid Ali
K.Niranjan Shetty

Chapter - 1
Introduction
Facts
Basics of power transmission networks
Control of power flow in AC
transmission line

What is FACTS?
FACTS means flexible AC
transmission line.
Flexible AC Transmission System
(FACTS) is defined as `Alternating
current transmission systems
incorporating power electronic-based
and other static controllers to
enhance controllability and increase
power transfer capability.

Chapter - 2
FACTS CONTROLLERS

General description
Voltage source converter based controllers
A general equivalent circuit for FACTS
controllers
Benefits with the application of FACTS
controllers

General description
The FACTS controller is defined as a power
electronic based system and other static
equipment that provide control of one or
more AC transmission system parameters.
The FACTS controllers can be classified as
1. Shunt connected controllers
2. Series connected controllers
3. Combined series-series controllers
4. Combined shunt-series controllers

Benefits with the application of


FACTS Controllers
Reduces power losses.
Improves voltage profile.
The transient stability limit is
increased.
Both voltage and power flow are
controlled by the combined series
and shunt controllers(UPFC).

Chapter - 3
SHUNT COMPENSATION

Shunt compensation connected at the midpoint


of the line
Comparison between series and shunt
capacitor
Shunt compensation is of two types
Transmission line model

Types of shunt
compensation
Shunt Compensation is of two
types
Shunt capacitive compensation:
This method is used to improve the
power factor.
Shunt inductive compensation:
This method is used either when
charging the transmission line (or)
when there is very low load at the
receiving end.

Chapter - 4
TRANSMISSION LINE
Series compensated transmission line with
shunt FACTS devices
Maximum power transfer capability
Optimal location of shunt facts devices

SIMULATION RESULTS
Discrete,
Ts = 5e-005 s.

a2
b2
c2
a3
b3
c3

A
B

Machine initialized for


P=1500 MW
Vt=13.8kV
Pm

aA

aA

aA

bB

bB

bB

cC

cC

cC

B2

Series
Comp. 2

100 MW

6* 350 MVA
13.8/735 kV

B1

Line 1
(300 km)

Series
Comp. 1

330 Mvar
shunt devices

A
B
C

6* 350MVA
13.8 kV

SSM

250 MW

Pm

A
B
C

1.00746

300 MVA
735/230 kV

A
B
C

-C-

A
B
C

OUTPUT

330 Mvar

Line 2
(300 km)

B3

30,000 MVA
735 kV

CONCLUSION
This paper investigates the effect of series
compensation on the optimal location of a
shunt FACTS device to get the highest possible
benefit of maximum power transfer and system
stability. The deviation in the optimal location
of the shunt FACT device from the center point
of line depends upon the degree of series
compensation and it increases almost linearly
from the center point of the transmission line
towards the generator side as the degree of
series compensation (%S) is increased.

Bibliography
Nemat talebis an efficient power injection
modeling and sequential power flow algorithm
for FACTS devices.
L gyugyis unified power flow controller
concept for flexible ac transmission system.
M.H. Haques optimal location of shunt FACTS
devices in long transmission line.
Narain g. Hingorani & laszlo gyugyis
understanding FACTS: concepts and
technology of flexible AC transmission
systems.

ANY QUESTIONS