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Racquel V.


Maam, what
do we have

Will it be

Maam, my
choice is not to
take the test

"Changing assessment
methods is an effective way
of encouraging students to
change their learning
methods. Assessment is one
of the most effective tools
for innovating both
instruction and learning
(NCTM, 2005)

What is

Assessment is the systematic

gathering and analyzing of
information (excluding course
grades) to inform and improve
student learning or programs of
student learning in light of goaloriented expectations

Why Do We Assess?
To Improve
To Inform
To Prove

Why is it important to
find out what
the students know

*To find out what the students can do,
and how well they can do it (skill;
*To find out how students go about the
task of doing their work (process).
*To find out how students feel about
their work (motivation, effort).

Purposes of

inciples for assessmen

The primary purpose of assessment
is to improve student performance
Assessment should be based on an
understanding of how students learn
Assessment should be an integral
component of course design and not
something to add afterwards
Good assessment provides useful
information to report credibly to
parents on student achievement

inciples for assessmen

Good assessment requires clarity of
Good assessment requires a variety
of measures
Assessment methods used should
be valid, reliable and consistent
Assessment requires attention to
outcomes and processes
Assessment works best when it is
ongoing rather than episodic

Different Types of
1. Norm-referenced Assessment
This kind of assessment gives us information
on what a student can do in comparison with
other students in class. This type of
assessment helps the teacher to put
students in a ranked order of achievement.

2. Criterion-referenced
This type of assessment uses specific pretest
criteria from which a students performance
is compared without referring to other
students performance. It does not compare
one student with the other students. It
requires the student to fulfill a given set of
criteria, or pre-defined and absolute standard

3. Domain-referenced Assessment
This type of assessment determines learning
in a particular field or area of the subject
matter and the three domains of learning. In
this assessment, considerable significance is
accorded to the careful and detailed
specification of the content or the domain
which will be assessed.

4. Diagnostic Assessment
This assessment identifies weaknesses,
strengths and problems of students
learning. It can be the teachers basis of
planning what to do next in the teaching
and learning process.

How should we assess?

Day-to-day observation
Tests and quizzes
Rating scales
Project work

What is authentic assessment?

Authentic assessment aims to

evaluate students' abilities in 'realworld' contexts. In other words,
students learn how to apply their
skills to authentic tasks and projects.

In authentic assessment, students:

*do science experiments

*conduct social-science research
*write stories and reports
*read and interpret literature
*solve math problems that have realworld applications