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COOLING TOWER

PRESENTED BY,
T.K.NAGA MANICKAM

CONTENT
INTRODUCTION
PRINCIPLE
TYPES
TERMS
PROBLEMS
APPLICATIONS

INDRODUCTION
COOLING TOWER IS AN
EQUIPMENT WHICH IS USED TO
COOLING WATER WHICH IS USED
IN INDUSTRIES.
COOLING WATER SHOULD BE GET
ITS ORIGINAL TEMPERATURE FOR
RECIRCULATION

PRINCIPLE
AN UNSATURATED GAS PASS THROUGH A
WARM LIQUID IT GETS SATURATION ALSO
REDUCE THE TEMPERATURE OF THE LIQUID
BY HEAT EXCHANGE(EVAPORATION).
THE LATENT HEAT OF WATER REDUCED BY
THE PHASE CHANGE OF WATER.

TYPES OF COOLING
TOWER

NATURAL DRAFT COOLING TOWER


FILL LESS &FANLESS COOLING
TOWER
MECHANICAL DRAFT COOLING
TOWER
FORCED DRAFT COOLING TOWER
INDUCED DRAFT COOLING TOWER

NATURAL DRAFT COOLING


TOWER
FANS AND FILL LESS ARE NOT
USED

MECHANICAL DRAFT
COOLING TOWER
FORCED DRAFT COOLING TOWER:
A MECHANICAL DRAFT WITH A FAN
WHICH FORCES THE AIR INTO THE
TOWER.
ADVANTAGE:
WORK IN HIGH STATIC PRESSURE
CONFINED SPACES
BLOW THROUGH ARRANGEMENT.

FORCED DRAFT COOLING


TOWER
DISADVANTAGE:
REQUIRES MORE POWER

INDUCED DRAFT COOLING


TOWER
A MECHANICAL DRAFT TOWER
WITH
A FAN WHICH PULLS THE AIR
INTO
THE TOWER
DRAW THROUGH ARRANGEMENT

INDUCED DRAFT COOLING


TOWER

FLOW USED IN COOLING


TOWER
CROSS FLOW:
AIR FLOW PERPENDICULAR TO THE
WATER FLOW
HOLLOW SPACE BELOW THE FANS
CONTACT LESS < IDCT

CROSS FLOW
CROSS FLOW COOLING TOWER

COUNTER FLOW
AIR FLOW OPPOSITE TO THE
WATER
FLOW
CONTACT MORE

TERMS
DRIFT LOSS
SOME AMOUNT OF WATER LOSS AT
THE TIME OF EVAPORATION
DRIFT ELIMINATOR

PACKINGS
INCREASE THE CONTACT

PROBLEMS
HUMIDITY
SUMMER - WATER LOSS
WINTER LESS COOLING
SCALING
CORROSION

APPLICATIONS
REDUCE THE TEMPERATURE
RANGE OF 2.8- 5.6 deg c.
RECIRCULATION.
VITAL ROLE IN INDUSTRIAL
PROCESS.

COOLING TOWERS IN SPIC


Ammonia Plant
1 Cooling tower with 10 cells
1 Cooling tower for CPP.
Urea Plant
1 Main Cooling tower with 4 cells
1 Carbamate Cooling tower with 1 cell

COOLING TOWERS IN SPIC


Phase II Plants
2 Cooling Tower with 4 cells
2 FLFL cooling Tower
All cooling towers are Induced Draft type
towers.

QUESTIONS

THANK YOU