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Filipino

Values

VALUES
-

from the Latin word VALERE.


strong and vigorous

the standards or principles for which

an act is judged to be what is right or


wrong, correct or incorrect
give meaning and direction to every
individuals life and influence his
human behavior

Significance of Studying Filipino Values

- In order to understand the Filipino


culture and the development of the
Filipino
individual,
one
has
to
understand the underlying values on
which every Filipino acts.
- A study on the Filipino values would
provide us a deeper understanding of
the Filipino culture.

Positive and
Negative Filipino
Values

Positive Filipino Values


1. BAYANIHAN SYSTEM or spirit of kinship

and camaraderie
- A Filipino community spirit and
cooperation wherein a group of
individuals extends a helping hand
without expecting any remuneration. It
is characterized by communal work
towards one goal.

2. DAMAYAN SYSTEM
- It is the sympathy for people who lost their

love ones. In case of death of a certain


member of the community, the whole
community sympathizes with the bereaved
family. Neighbors, friends and relatives of the
deceased usually give certain amount of
money as their way of showing sympathy.

3. FAMILINISM or close family relations


A Filipino trait of giving highest importance to family
above other thing.
A trait wherein the family
members should be taken care and supported
regardless of whether he/she did something wrong, a
family member must be given attention and should
not be abandoned.
The family is seen as a defense against a hostile
world and a unit where one can turn to in case he/she
has a serious problem (Panopio & Rolda, 2000).

4. FUN-LOVING TRAIT
- A trait found in most Filipinos, a trait that
makes them unique that even in time of
calamities and other challenges in life, they
always have something to be happy about, a
reason to celebrate.

5. HOSPITALITY: A WELCOME ATTITUDE


Bukas-Loob na Pagtanggap
- Filipinos open their hearts to complete
strangers and offer them the best in their
homes.
- process of welcoming ones sense of being: I
am a person who knocks and wishes to be
treated as a person (tao poako); The host or
hostess who welcomes is also a person (tao rin
ako tuloy!).

6. COMPASSIONATE
- A Filipino trait of being sympathetic to others
even if the person is a stranger. An example
of this is giving alms to beggar. This is
observed when we hear Filipinos saying
kawawa naman or nakakaawa naman.

7. REGIONALISM
A Filipino trait of giving more priority or
preference in giving favors to his province
mate before others.

8. FRIENDLY
- A trait found in most Filipinos. They are
sincere, loyal, kind and sociable person

9. FLEXIBLE or magaling makibagay


The ability of Filipinos to ride on or adjust to
the norms of other group just to attain
smooth and harmonious relationship.
10. RELIGIOUS
- Most Filipinos possess strong conformance of
their religious belief in action and in words

11. RESPECT to elders


Being courteous both in
words and in actions to
the
people
of
older
people
12. REMEDYO ATTITUDE
Being
creative
and
resourceful
The ability to do things
that
are
next
to
impossible. Example in
fixing appliances that
look impossible to repair.

13. MATIYAGA
Filipinos are known for their tenacity and
strong
determination
in
every
undertaking.
14. UTANG NA LOOB
A feeling of obligation to repay someone
who extended assistance to another
which may take place in undetermined
time and in whatever way.

15. UTANG NA LOOB:


INFINITE RESPONSIBILITY
- portrays our true identity
based on our concern and
response to others.
o

Pagtanaw is the unending


gratitude but this is not enough
because the responsibility to
others does not end since
pagpapakatao has no limits,
same with pakikipagkapwa-

Negative Filipino Values


1. BAHALA NA ATTITUDE
A Filipino trait characterized by

retreating or withdrawal from


certain undertaking and leaving
everything to God to interfere and
determine the outcome of his
deeds.
It happens when one simply
resigns to the consequences of
lifes difficulties.

It is believing that life depends on:


Swerte or buenas (good luck)
Tadhana (decried by fate)
Malas (bad luck)

2. COLONIAL COMPLEX or blue-seal


mentality
A Filipino value of showing high
admiration and preference to foreign
produced goods over local ones.
3. CRAB MENTALITY
A Filipino attitude characterized by an
attempt to pull down someone who has
achieved success beyond the others. This
is done out of jealousy and insecurity.

4. EUPHEMISM
A Filipino way of substituting a word or

phrase that is thought to be offensive or


harsh with a mild and acceptable one in
order to not offend or hurt another person
Stating an unpleasant truth, opinion or
request as pleasantly as possible. In order
not to offend others, direct, harsh and
brutal words must be avoided.

5. FILIPINO TIME
In reality, it means always late, a Filipino
attitude of impreciseness towards time.
6. GAYA-GAYA ATTITUDE
A Filipino attitude of imitating or copying
other culture specifically in mode of
dressing, language, fashion or even
haircut

7. JACKPOT MENTALITY
A get rich quick mentality of some Filipinos
who would rather engage in fast ways of
acquiring money than through hardwork and
sacrifice by getting in lottery, joining raffle
draws and other.
8. KAPALARAN VALUES
- A Filipino trait of accepting fate by believing
that everything is written in his palm. Such
trait contributes to lack of initiative and
perseverance among Filipinos.

9. MANANA HABIT
Delaying or setting aside a certain task
assigned on the next day although it can be
done today
10. NINGAS-COGON
- being enthusiastic only during the start of
new undertaking but ends dismally in
accomplishing nothing. A common practiced
observed in some politicians who are visible
only during the start of certain endeavour.

11. OVERSENSITIVE
Filipinos have the tendency to be irritated
easily of hurt upon hearing some
criticisms or comments.
12. LACK OF SPORTSMANSHIP
Not accepting defeat in competitions but
rather putting the blame either to their
opponents or to the sport officials

13. PAKIKISAMA
Submitting oneself to the will of the group
for the sake of camaraderie and unity. Failure
to comply with the group demand, the
person will be called walang pakikisama or
selfish. The adherence to group demands
have taught our young to engage in bad
habits like smoking, alcoholism and even
drug addiction.
It is yielding to the will of the majority or to
the leader which could result to both to
positive and negative behavior. It refers to

14. TSAMBA LANG ATTITUDE


-Simplicity by declaring that his/her
accomplishments are results of luck and
not from perseverance and ability.

Hardwork and
Industry

STRENGTHS

Faith and
Religiosity

Ability to Survive

Pakikipagkapwa-Tao

Family Oriented

Joy and Humor


Flexibility and
Adaptibility

WEAKNESSES
Passivity and Lack
of Initiative

Extreme Personalism

Extreme Family
Centeredness

Colonial
Mentality

Kanya-Kanya
Syndrome

Lack of Discipline

Lack of Self-Analysis and Self-Reflection

Filipinos are
proud of being puspusang-loob.
Mapamaraan(resourceful) and mapanuklas

(ingenous).
Part of their being resourceful is their use of
ANTING-ANTING (amulets and charms)
Filipinos know their competence (kilala ang

kakayahan).
Kayang-kaya mo yan is the encouraging

phrase of the Filipinos to do their best through

imbued with lakas ng loob (self-confidence or

self reliance).
In their desire for social acceptance, Filipinos

are:
Marunong
Marunong
Marunong
Marunong
Marunong
Marunong
Marunong
Marunong

makibagay
makiisa
makilahok
makipagpalagayang loob
makisalamuha
makisangkot
makitungo
makisama

Filipinos are likened to a bamboo which

symbolizes
flexibility,
harmony with nature.

endurance

and

Bahala na attitude should not be judged as

a fatalistic resignation or withdrawal from an


engagement or crisis but because of their
kababaang-loob.
It is manifested by their daop-palad habit.
Their relationship with God is the source
of their malinis at tapat na panunungkulan.