4 views

Uploaded by Monkeyy D. Luffy

HI

- 11926-0130670227_ismSec6.pdf
- Chemistry
- calculus1
- calcuus, derivatives
- Lesson 2 Increment Method Ok Na Ok
- MATH_1312.pdf
- What is Calculus
- Math 234 Text
- 42_Critical_Points_Local_Maxima_and_Minima.pdf
- 1 - 2 - 1.2 Five Number Summary (8_44)
- Chemical Elements
- Exploring minimum and maximum values
- Negative Order Integer calculus using iterative integration
- Probability Theory Presentation 02
- Univariate Extreme Value Theory-1
- ch02sec02
- Handout 3 N.A
- SyllabusMath125Fall2015b
- Quiz Practice Midterm 2 (Su17) Solutions Print
- Mathematics Glossary A.doc

You are on page 1of 28

Differential Calculus

The two basic forms of calculus are

differential calculus and integral calculus.

This chapter will be devoted to the former

and Chapter 7 will be devoted to the

latter. Finally, Chapter 8 will be devoted to

a study of how MATLAB can be used for

calculus operations.

The study of calculus usually begins with

the basic definition of a derivative. A

derivative is obtained through the process

of differentiation, and the study of all forms

of differentiation is collectively referred to

as differential calculus.If we begin with a

function and determine its derivative, we

arrive at a new function called the first

derivative. If we differentiate the first

derivative, we arrive at a new function

called the second derivative, and so on.

2

slope at a given point.

dy

or

dx

df ( x)

f '( x) or

dx

Definition:

dy

y

lim

dx x 0 x

4

Function (Continuous).

Function (Finite Discontinuities).

y2 y1

dy

slope

dx

x2 x1

8

of the function shown below.

10

yx

y y ( x x)

y y x 2 xx (x)

2

11

Continuation

y 2 xx (x)

y

2 x x

x

dy

y

lim

2x

dx x 0 x

12

Chain Rule

y f (u )

u u ( x)

dy df (u ) du

du

f '(u )

dx

du dx

dx

df

(

u

)

where

f '(u )

du

13

of y=x2 at x=1 by forming small changes.

y (1) (1) 1

2

y (1.01) (1.01) 1.0201

y 1.0201 1 0.0201

2

dy y 0.0201

2.01

dx x

0.01

14

with respect to u is given below.

d

sin u cos u

du

Use the chain rule to find the

derivative with respect to x of

y 4sin x

15

ux

du

2x

dx

dy

du dy du

f '(u )

dx

dx du dx

2

4(cos u )(2 x) 8 x cos x

16

f ( x)

af ( x)

u ( x) v( x)

f (u )

a

xn

(n 0)

un

(n 0)

uv

u

v

eu

f '( x)

af '( x)

u '( x) v '( x)

du df (u ) du

f '(u )

dx

du dx

0

nx n 1

du

nu n 1

dx

dv

du

u v

dx

dx

du

dv

v

u

dx

dx

v2

du

eu

dx

Derivative Number

D-1

D-2

D-3

D-4

D-5

D-6

D-7

D-8

D-9

17

au

ln u

log a u

sin u

cos u

tan u

sin 1 u

cos 1 u

tan 1 u

ln a au

du

dx

1 du

u dx

1 du

log a e

u dx

du

cos u

dx

du

sin u

dx

du

sec 2 u

dx

1 du

sin

u

2

2

1 u 2 dx

1 du

0 cos 1 u

1 u 2 dx

1 du

1 u 2 dx

tan 1 u

2

2

D-10

D-11

D-12

D-13

D-14

D-15

D-16

D-17

D-18

18

the function shown below.

y x sin x

dy

dv

du

u v

dx

dx

dx

2

d

x

d

sin

x

2

x

sin x

dx

dx

19

dy

2

x cos x sin x 2 x

dx

2

x cos x 2 x sin x

20

the function shown below.

sin x

y

x

d sin x

d x

du

dv

v

u

x

sin x

dy

dx

dx

dx 2 dx

2

dx

v

x

x cos x sin x

2

x

21

the function shown below.

ye

x2

x

u

2

x

d

2

du

1

2x x

dx

dx

2

dy

e

dx

x2

x xe

x2

22

Higher-Order Derivatives

y f ( x)

dy

df ( x)

f '( x)

dx

dx

2

d y

d f ( x) d dy

f ''( x)

2

2

dx

dx

dx dx

2

d y

d f ( x ) d d y

(3)

f ( x)

3

3

2

dx

dx

dx dx

3

23

derivative with respect to x of the

function below.

y 5sin 4 x

dy

d

5(cos 4 x) (4 x) 20 cos 4 x

dx

dx

2

d y

d

20

sin

4

x

(4

x

)

80sin

4

x

2

dx

dx

24

1. Determine the derivative.

2. Set the derivative to 0 and solve for

values that satisfy the equation.

3. Determine the second derivative.

(a) If second derivative > 0, point is a

minimum.

(b) If second derivative < 0, point is a

maximum.

25

Displacement

Velocity

y

dy

v

dt

2

Acceleration

dv d y

a

2

dt dt

26

or minima of function below.

y f ( x) x 6 x 9 x 2

3

dy

2

3x 12 x 9

dx

2

3x 12 x 9 0

x 1 and x 3

27

dy

2

3 x 12 x 9

dx

2

d y

6 x 12

2

dx

For x = 1, f(1) = -6. Point is a maximum and

ymax= 6.

For x = 3, f(3) = 6. Point is a minimum and

ymin = 2.

28

- 11926-0130670227_ismSec6.pdfUploaded byAngel Hilasaca
- ChemistryUploaded byYogesh Yadav
- calculus1Uploaded byunelamir
- calcuus, derivativesUploaded byCarlos Chang
- Lesson 2 Increment Method Ok Na OkUploaded byGladys Glo Marcelo
- MATH_1312.pdfUploaded bymarkgalut
- What is CalculusUploaded bynishagoyal
- Math 234 TextUploaded byAaron Cottrell
- 42_Critical_Points_Local_Maxima_and_Minima.pdfUploaded byJashandeep Singh Kochhar
- 1 - 2 - 1.2 Five Number Summary (8_44)Uploaded byNadesparan Prakash
- Chemical ElementsUploaded bySivashamugam
- Exploring minimum and maximum valuesUploaded byapi-26454619
- Negative Order Integer calculus using iterative integrationUploaded byInije Ejiro
- Probability Theory Presentation 02Uploaded byXing Qiu
- Univariate Extreme Value Theory-1Uploaded byMaría Sandra Udrizar
- ch02sec02Uploaded bydatdude1415
- Handout 3 N.AUploaded byMuddasar Yamin
- SyllabusMath125Fall2015bUploaded byGrant Amann
- Quiz Practice Midterm 2 (Su17) Solutions PrintUploaded byVince Hernández
- Mathematics Glossary A.docUploaded byAti Sumiati
- 2443 Homework 3Uploaded byMartinI.Iseck
- augustincauchyUploaded byapi-359658330
- Quotient RuleUploaded byFrank Marshall
- Expected Performance Centering for Analog DesignsUploaded byPhuc Hoang
- April 2007Uploaded byJay Trebley
- CalculusUploaded byAlan Peter
- MakalahIF3051-2011-063Uploaded byRahul Singh
- culculsUploaded bysam
- 3.3 - 3.6 new skool calc BC.pdfUploaded bySaher
- MaC+Collection+of+Solved+Problems+MaC4000Uploaded byEpic Win

- SM_A2_AKCD_L005Uploaded byMyriam A. Garza
- MATH39001 - Combinatorics and Graph Theory - Exam - Jan-2010Uploaded byscribd6289
- Presentation a NuUploaded byRoopa Shree
- Graph TheoryUploaded byVivek Anand
- Diagonalization Practice ProblemUploaded byawekeu
- scilab-MBelurUploaded byfrancisco_barboza_1
- Integral_Calculus.pdfUploaded byZachary
- Question Bank BCA 102Uploaded byshalukpr
- CK 12 Math AnalysisUploaded bymhussain
- lab manual MCSE 101.docxUploaded byJuan Jackson
- MATH204_4_10Uploaded byandrewaoun7687
- Holt Algebra 1_Chapter 11_Standardized TestUploaded byStanley
- 9.4 Logarithmic FunctionsUploaded bysembe
- Composition of ContractionsUploaded byEJL
- UVa Problem List [Catagorized Algorithmic Problem]Uploaded byRashedulIslamRiyad
- Compactness and connectedness continuity theorems.Uploaded byap021
- dmchap11Uploaded byKavita Saxena Khare
- Complex Analysis 6 Exercises Solution - Mathematics - Prof Yum-Tong SiuUploaded byDaniél Cárdenas
- Concentration.pdfUploaded bylifengpei
- project problemsUploaded byapi-254602548
- Graph.pptxUploaded byShafaeit Hossain
- Prims vs KruskalUploaded byBhaiya Ji
- Calculus RefresherUploaded byVicbeau3
- 081003 Chris NUFFT SlidesUploaded byXingfang91
- 5.3 ExerciseUploaded byAvnish Bhasin
- Mathematics Department MAT112 Tut 4a 2015Uploaded byvictor
- Graphical Relationships Among f(x), f'(x), f''(x)Uploaded byJoey Fanelli
- Maths for finance Chapter 2.pptxUploaded byWonde Biru
- 954 Math T [PPU] Semester 2 Topics-SyllabusUploaded byJosh, LRT
- Eigenvalues EigenvectorsUploaded byJoão Cunha