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Music Industry

Quiz Show

Multiple Questions

Helps with major business decisions, assists with the


creative process, promotes an artist's career,
assembles & heads the artist's professional team, etc.
A. Promoter
B. Agent
C. Union Representative
D. Manager
E.

The person involved almost exclusively


in booking live personal appearances
A. Agent
B. Promoter
C. Producer
D. A&R
E.

A&R, Sales, Marketing, Promotion, Product


Management, New Media, Finance, Business
Affairs/Legal
A. Union
B. Record Company
C. Record Studio
D. Venue
E.

Networks that move records from


manufacturing plants into the stores
A. Manufacturing
B. Distribution
C. Retail
D. Record Company
E.

Record companies and recording artists, as well as the


writers and publishers, all make money based on the
sale of recordings, as well as through later playing
and reuse of their work.
A. Earnings
B. Fees
C. Salary
D. Royalties
E.

Bringing the creative product into a tangible form


(i.e. CD) by maximizing the creative process and
taking care of all necessary administration (booking
studio time, staying on budget, etc.).
A. Producer
B. Promoter
C. Agent
D. Manager
E.

A form of property ownership for certain


types of artistic & creative works.
A. Fees
B. Royalties
C. Copyright
D. Publishing
E.

Encourage new material, produce demo recordings


and printed music (scores), manage all associated
copyright and royalty licensing/PRS requirements.
A. Promoter
B. Publisher
C. Agent
D. Union Representative
E.

Grants permissions to work with, study, improve


upon, reinterpret, re-record copyright material (e.g.
recording someone elses song). Example: NOW! CD
A. PPL
B. PRS
C. MCPS
D.
E.

A musician who contributes to a recording or a live


performance but is not actually a full time member of
the band.
A. Session Musician
B. Orchestra Musician
C. Full-time Musician
D. Band Musician
E.

Agencies that collect royalties on behalf of


songwriters when a song they have written is
performed
A. MCPS
B. PPL
C. PRS
D.
E.

Who prepares & transfers audio from one raw format


to a desired mater format and refines the sound
quality
A. Producer
B. Recording Engineer
C. Sound Engineer
D. Mastering Engineer
E.

Connect

Link the definition to the correct


answer
Organisation founded & funded
by organisations that serves as
their voice

(Union) Broadcasting & film

Organised group of workers to


pursue policies that are
favourable for the workers

Musicians Union

MU

Trade Body (Association)

Equity

Union

BECTU

(Union) Actors, dancers,


backstage, choreographers,
directors

Continued
Trade body for those involved in
the PRODUCTION of recorded
music (producers, engineers)

Union

Trade body for those involved in


the AUDIO industry (audio
engineer, recording studio)

PLASA

Trade body for those who supply


LIGHTING and SOUND technologies
They lobby (put pressure) the
government for policies that will
protect their industry
Will represent a performer in case of
a dispute over a contract or unfair
dismissal

MPG
APRS
Trade Body

Question & Answer

What are the two major sources of


income for a music publisher?

MCPS & PRS

Which department of the record label works


to get an artist's song played on radio?

Promotion

A company with major networks that move physical


records from manufacturing plants into the store

Distributor

Who collects royalties for the


writer/composer?

PRS

What is the main advantage to signing a


record deal with a major label?

Effective promotion and distribution

Which department of the record label handles


advertising, publicity, and album-cover artwork?

Marketing

Who collects royalties for the recording


artist?

PPL

Longer Answers

What is the benefit of self-producing?


The artist doesn't need to give a percentage of their
royalties to a record label. They also have more creative
freedom.

How do music artists make money?


Through royalties collected from any play of their
song or a cut from the sales of their music.

Who pays for the PPL and PRS for Music?


They take a cut from the royalties collected. They are
non-profit organisations paid for by the music industry.

List 3 things Marketing do

Advertising and Image


Branding
Figure out how to sell product

List 3 things Production do

Assemble what is needed for a


recording
Quality control - makes things
sound right
Producers of the physical CDs

List 1 thing Distribution does


Getting products into the market
place (stores)

List examples of New Media


Digital distribution (i.e. Spotify,
iTunes)
Social media
Internet branding (i.e.band websites)

Sales are in the area of

Retail (shops)

Describe Major Recording Companies

Owned by corporations
Various departments (A&R), big
staff
Developing artist commercially
Own the means of distribution
Universal, Sony, Warner

Describe Independent Recording


Companies

Stand alone (independent)


Small, minimal staff
Musical niche (specific type
of music)
Develop artist more
individually

More Connect

Link Description to Person


Oversee the recording
of an artist

Instrumental support

Choose the music &


organise rehearsals

Sound Engineer

Choose suitable
microphones

Producer

Carry/ transport
equipment to event

Fix broken string

Musical Director
Roadie

More
Organise tour dates & shows

Marketing

Check Health & Safety

Studio Management

Schedule times in studio

Artistic Management

Publicise a concert

Venue Management

Gather prices for


advertisements

Promoter

And more
Scouting for new talent

Freelance

Complete the audio


mastering

Software Engineer

Create sequencer & apps

A&R

Sells CDs

Mastering Engineer

Self-employed musician

Retail

The EXPLAIN Question: More detailed answer


- Be specific
- Explain WHY (because)
- Give examples HOW (by)
This will give you more marks

BAD EXAMPLE: Explain why it is important


that Health & Safety check a venue

To make sure that everything is okay


Dont use words such as everything or
things and explain what you mean
(because) by giving examples
(by)

GOOD EXAMPLE: Explain why it is important


that Health & Safety check a venue

H&S need to check that the venue is


safe for performers and the audience
BY (how) ensuring that electrical equipment is safe;
that there is clean water available and toilets are
hygienic; that obstacles are will let and taped; there
is crowd control; security at gates.
This is

BECAUSE (why) H&S protects the health, safety

and welfare of the general public, the employees of


the venue and the performers. They operate
alongside civil law, which means that if not done
properly the venue management could be sued.

IMPLICATION: The conclusion that can


be drawn from something
You must DRAW CONCLUSIONS from the
statement/question that is given.
= What would happen if? : Discuss the
implications of Vocalise buying into a
tour. = What would happen if Vocalise
bought into a tour.

IMPLICATIONS Framework
- Define: important words briefly
- Pros: beneficial (good) conclusions
- Cons: disadvantageous (bad) conclusions
- Your Conclusion: Therefore = your balanced opinion

Example: Discuss the implications of Vocalise buying


into a tour. (what if)
DEFINE: Vocalise is a local choir. Buying into a tour is when a musician or
band pays a fee in exchange for being the opening act on a tour
PROS:
- buying an audience & greater exposure for Vocalise
- the tour is organised already: no need to contact venues managers or
promoters.
- quicker way to access larger venues for Vocalise
CONS:
- will be very expensive and Vocalise could make a loss
- the audience is not targeted specifically for Vocalise, and therefore the tour
may not be successful
- without prior experience the singers may not be ready for such a large
venue.
CONCLUSION:
Whilst buying into a tour seems like an easy option for Vocalise to gain
exposure, the cost could be prohibitive and it may not benefit the choir as the
tour will not be catered to their music. Therefore, it would be better for

Do the same as implications:

DEFINE TERMS (very briefly)


PROS (good)
CONS (bad)
YOUR CONCLUSION (therefore)

Links in the Music Industry

And finally during the exam


Keep an eye on the time
Answer the question: Make sure you read and re-read the
question thoroughly and keep to the question
You could do the easiest questions first and dont get stuck:
move on and come back later
Look at the marking scheme: if there are 4 marks, then there
are probably 4 key points
Take a bottle of water: it helps refresh the brain & settle
nerves
Use common sense: imagine you are in the scenario what
would you do?
BE SPECIFIC & DETAILED: HOW (by) & WHY (because)

Good Luck