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FORENSIC ODONTOLOGY FORENSIC ODONTOLOGY (Kedokteran Gigi (Kedokteran Gigi Forensik) Forensik)

FORENSIC ODONTOLOGY

FORENSIC

ODONTOLOGY

(Kedokteran Gigi

(Kedokteran

Gigi Forensik)

Forensik)

Forensic Odontology

Forensic

Odontology

can

can bebe defined

defined inin many

many ways.

ways.

Forensic Forensic dentistry,

dentistry, or

or forensic

forensic

odontology, isis defined

odontology,

defined as:

as: “the

the area

area of

of

dentistry concerned

dentistry

concerned with

with the

the correct

correct

management, examination,

management,

examination, evaluation,

evaluation,

and presentation

and

presentation of

of dental

dental evidence

evidence inin

criminal

criminal or

or civil

civil legal

legal proceedings

proceedings inin the

the

interest of

interest

of justice.”

justice.”

The

The term

term ""forensic

forensic"" isis from

from the

the

Latin, meaning

Latin,

meaning forum

forum or

or aa place

place

where legal

where

legal matters

matters are

are discussed

discussed

forensic

forensic dentistry

dentistry represents

represents the

the

overlap between

overlap

between the

the dental

dental and

and

the legal

the

legal professions

professions

Field study

Field

study

iidentification

dentification of

of anan assailant

assailant byby

comparing aa record

comparing

record of

of their

their dentition

dentition (set

(set

of teeth)

of

teeth) with

with aa record

record of

of aa bite

bite mark

mark left

left

onon aa victim

victim

Other

Other uses

uses :: inin lawlaw for

for dentists

dentists include

include the

the

identification of

identification

of human

human remains

remains,, medico-

medico-

legal

legal assessment

assessment of

of trauma

trauma toto oral

oral

tissues, and

tissues,

and testimony

testimony about

about dental

dental

malpractice

malpractice..

Dental Examination

Dental

Examination for

for DVI

DVI

Has

Has been

been used

used Nero

Nero (45

(45 AD),

AD), toto

identify the

identify

the slaves

slaves

dental

dental records

records ultimately

ultimately identified

identified

the remains

the

remains of

of Adolph

Adolph Hitler

Hitler and

and Eva

Eva

Braun

Braun

1867

1867 Oscar

Oscar Amaedo,

Amaedo, identifying

identifying

hundreds of

hundreds

of great

great fire

fire victims

victims inin paris

paris

Actual issue

Actual

issue

Mass

Mass disaster

disaster inin Indonesia

Indonesia:: Bali

Bali

Bomb blaster,

Bomb

blaster, TTsunami

sunami aceh,

aceh, air

air

crash

crash Ga-200,

Ga-200, Senopati,

Senopati,

manggarai, Morowali,

manggarai,

Morowali, Mentawai,

Mentawai,

Jepang

Jepang etc.

etc.

The

The more

more victims

victims could

could not

not

evacuated.

evacuated.

Next Problem

Next

Problem

The

The victims

victims could

could bebe evacuated

evacuated but

but

couldnt identified,

couldn’t

identified, because

because :: Loss,

Loss,

drowned, burned,

drowned,

burned, buried,

buried, mutilated.

mutilated.

Social-legal

Social-legal problems

problems :: Insurance,

Insurance,

state of

state

of marital,

marital, heritage,

heritage, etc

etc..

Criminal-legal

Criminal-legal :: AnAn investigation

investigation toto anan

criminal death

criminal

death victim

victim cannot

cannot begin

begin

until the

until

the victim

victim has

has been

been identified

identified

Marriage

Marriage :: Individual

Individual from

from many

many

religions background

religions

background cannot

cannot remarry

remarry

until the

until

the partner

partner isis confirmed

confirmed

Monetary

Monetary :: The

The pension,

pension, life

life

insurance && other

insurance

other benefits

benefits will

will not

not

bebe pay

pay until

until the

the victims

victims has

has been

been

positive identified

positive

identified

Religion-law

Religion-law (Syari’ah)

(Syari’ah) ::

Islam lawlaw :: the

Islam

the bodies

bodies must

must bebe

burried

burried asas soon

soon asas possible

possible

Heritage

Heritage :: cannot

cannot bebe divided

divided

until the

until

the victim

victim has

has been

been positif

positif

identified

identified

AsAs part

part of

of Universal

Universal Human

Human

Right

Right

Identification technique

Identification

technique ::

Simple

Simple :: Visual

Visual inspection

inspection

Who Who is is ?? .... ....
Who
Who
is
is ??
....
....

Scientific

Scientific :: ((when

when the

the victim

victim cannot

cannot recognized)

recognized)

Primer

Primer

:: DNA,

DNA, fingerprint,

fingerprint, dental

dental

Secunder :: Attach

Secunder

Attach properties

properties :: ID-

ID-

card, Bank

card,

Bank card,

card, Licence,

Licence, ring,

ring,

cloth,

cloth, tattoo

tattoo etc.

etc.

Why

Why ??

Hardness

Hardness of

of teeth

teeth >> bone.

bone. Covered

Covered

byby soft

soft tissue

tissue && saliva,

saliva, proof

proof from

from fire

fire

&& other

other chemical

chemical substances.

substances.

Individuality

Individuality..

(1: 22 billion)

(1:

billion)

Identical probability

Identical

probability

Give

Give more

more Information

Information :: age

age

(eruption time

(eruption

time && Gustaffson),

Gustaffson), sex

sex

(T(Teeth

eeth shape,

shape, DNA),

DNA), face

face profile,

profile,

blood

blood group,

race, Social

group, race,

Social state,

state,

habit (job

habit

(job associated),

associated), etc.

etc.

Accuracy

Accuracy >> 50%

50% (1-st

(1-st Bali

Bali bomb

bomb

blaster

blaster 56%,

56%, GA-200

GA-200 90%)

90%)

How

How dodo you

can determining

determining the

the

you can

sex, blood

blood group

group && race

race of

of

age, sex,

age,

victims

victims ??

JawJaw

Jaw Jaw

Mongoloid

Mongoloid

Mongoloid Mongoloid -- Insisivus :: Sekop (85-99%), Caucasoid 2- 9%, Negro :: 12% - Accessories Accessories

-- Insisivus

Insisivus :: Sekop

Sekop (85-99%),

(85-99%), Caucasoid

Caucasoid 2-

2-

9%,

9%, Negro

Negro :: 12%

12%

- Accessories

Accessories root

root 1-st

1-st Lower

Lower Molars

Molars

(20%)

(20%)

- Palatum

Palatum :: Ellips,

Ellips, Torus

Torus palatinus

palatinus inin female

female

CAUCASOID CAUCASOID Carrabelli cusp on on 1-st Molars Palatum : : Parabola shape

CAUCASOID

CAUCASOID

  • - Carrabelli

Carrabelli cusp

cusp onon 1-st

1-st Molars

Molars

  • - Palatum

Palatum :: Parabola

Parabola shape

shape

NEGROID

NEGROID

NEGROID NEGROID - Bimaxilarry Bimaxilarry protrusive protrusive Central diastem/spacing & & openbite
  • - Bimaxilarry

Bimaxilarry protrusive

protrusive

  • - Central

Central diastem/spacing

diastem/spacing && openbite

openbite

Victim identification

Victim

identification

Ante Mortem

Victim identification Victim identification Ante Mortem Compare Mortem Reconsiliation Identified or not

Post

Compare

Victim identification Victim identification Ante Mortem Compare Mortem Reconsiliation Identified or not

Mortem

Victim identification Victim identification Ante Mortem Compare Mortem Reconsiliation Identified or not

Reconsiliation

Victim identification Victim identification Ante Mortem Compare Mortem Reconsiliation Identified or not

Identified or not

InIn victims

victims identification

identification procedure,

procedure,

the

the ante

ante mortem

mortem dental

dental record

record isis

absolutely needed.

absolutely

needed.

Dental

Dental record

record :: Odontogram,

Odontogram,

dental

dental cast,

cast, X-photo,

X-photo, 3-D

3-D graphs,

graphs,

close upup photographs,

close

photographs, testimony ..

testimony ..

(In(In Indonesia

Indonesia :: not

not usually

usually available)

available)

Benefits vsvs weakness

Benefits

weakness

Fast,

Fast, cheap,

cheap, simple,

simple, accurate

accurate

Absolutely

Absolutely need

need a.ma.m dental

dental

record

record

Bite marks

Bite

marks

InIn case

case :: Sexual

Sexual attack

attack KDRT

KDRT

Often

Often found

found onon the

the skin

skin of

of the

the

victim :: Neck,

victim

Neck, breast,

breast, vagina,

vagina,

Described

Described asas anan eliptical

eliptical // circular

circular

injury that

injury

that record

record the

the specific

specific

characteristic of

characteristic

of the

the teeth.

teeth.

Bite mark

Bite

mark

Sexual

Sexual attack

attack

Bite mark Bite mark • Sexual Sexual attack attack

Others legal

Others

legal evidence:

evidence:

Saliva

Saliva :: epithel,

epithel, leucocyt

leucocyt DNA

DNA of

of

persons suspected

persons

suspected

Other

Other cases

cases ::

Bite mark

Bite

mark onon :: apple,

apple,

bubble

bubble gum,

gum, others

others

Case

Case report

report :: Basuki

Basuki Abdullah

Abdullah

murdered

murdered

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