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IELTS IELTS Academic Academic Writing Writing Paper Paper English English Language Language Centre Centre The The

IELTS

IELTS

Academic Academic Writing Writing Paper Paper English English Language Language Centre Centre The The Hong Hong
Academic
Academic Writing
Writing Paper
Paper
English
English Language
Language Centre
Centre
The
The Hong
Hong Kong
Kong Polytechnic
Polytechnic University
University
Test
Test

Test Format

Format and

and Tasks

Tasks

Format and

Format

and Tasks

Tasks

Test Test Format Format and and Tasks Tasks Format and Format and Tasks Tasks Strategies and

Strategies and

Strategies

and Examples

Examples

Further Further Help Help References References Questions Questions
Further
Further Help
Help
References
References
Questions
Questions
Test Test Format Format
Test
Test Format
Format

Writing

Writing Module

Test Format

Test

Format

Module lasts

lasts 6060 minutes.

minutes.

– Two Two tasks:- tasks:- Task Task 11 –– 2020 minutes, minutes, 150 150 words. words.
– Two
Two tasks:-
tasks:-
Task
Task 11 –– 2020 minutes,
minutes, 150
150 words.
words.
Task
Task 22 –– 4040 minutes,
minutes, 250
250 words.
words.
Words
Words are
are counted
counted byby the
the examiners,
examiners, soso don’t
don’t write
write too
too many
many oror
too
too fewfew words.
words.
Tip
Tip -- learn
learn how
how many
many words
words you
you usually
usually write
write onon aa line,
line, and
and how
how
many
many lines
lines == 150
150 and
and 250
250 words,
words, soso you
you don’t
don’t waste
waste time
time
counting
counting words
words inin the
the test.
test.
Test Answers Answers
Test
Answers
Answers

Test Format

Format and

and Tasks

Tasks -- Answers

Answers

– Must

Must bebe written

written onon the

the answer

answer sheet.

sheet.

– Must Must bebe written written inin full. full. – Notes Notes are are not not
– Must
Must bebe written
written inin full.
full.
– Notes
Notes are
are not
not acceptable
acceptable asas answers.
answers.
– Notes
Notes may
may bebe made
made onon the
the question
question
paper,
paper, but
but cannot
cannot bebe taken
taken from
from the
the
test
test room.
room.
Test Task Task 1:1: (20
Test
Task
Task 1:1: (20

Interpret

Test Format

Format and

and Tasks

Tasks Task

Task 11

(20 minutes,

minutes, 150

150 words)

words)

Interpret aa diagram

diagram oror table,

table, and

and present

present the

the

information

information inin your

your own

own words.

words.

Organise, Organise, present present and and possibly possibly compare compare data data – e.g. e.g. money
Organise,
Organise, present
present and
and possibly
possibly compare
compare data
data
– e.g.
e.g. money
money people
people spend
spend onon different
different forms
forms of
of
entertainment.
entertainment.
Describe
Describe stages
stages of
of aa procedure
procedure oror process
process
– e.g.
e.g. the
the stages
stages of
of human
human evolution.
evolution.
Describe
Describe onon object
object oror event
event oror series
series of
of events
events
– e.g.
e.g. How
How the
the water
water cycle
cycle works.
works.
Explain
Explain how
how something
something works
works
– e.g.
e.g. How
How aa car
car engine
engine works.
works.
Test Task Task 22 (40
Test
Task
Task 22 (40

presented

Test Format

Format and

and Tasks

Tasks Task

Task 22

(40 minutes,

minutes, 250

250 words)

words)

presented with

with aa point

point of

of view

view oror argument

argument oror

problem.

problem.

Present Present and and justify justify anan opinion opinion – e.g. e.g. DoDo you you think
Present
Present and
and justify
justify anan opinion
opinion
– e.g.
e.g. DoDo you
you think
think trial
trial byby jury
jury should
should bebe used
used inin all
all criminal
criminal
cases? cases?
Compare
Compare and
and contrast
contrast evidence,
evidence, opinions
opinions and
and implications
implications
– e.g.
e.g. How
How effective
effective isis itit toto reward
reward good
good work
work with
with extra
extra money?
money?
Evaluate
Evaluate and
and challenge
challenge ideas,
ideas, evidence
evidence oror anan argument
argument
– e.g.
e.g. ‘Failure
‘Failure shows
shows desire
desire wasn’t
wasn’t strong
strong enough’.
enough’. ToTo what
what extent
extent
dodo you
you agree?
agree?
Test General
Test
General

Test Format

Format and

and Tasks:

Tasks:

Assessment Criteria

Assessment

Criteria

General Points

Points

You

You must

must respond

respond appropriately

appropriately inin

terms of:

terms

of:

Register Register –– formality formality and and politeness; politeness; e.g. e.g. nono short short forms forms
Register
Register –– formality
formality and
and politeness;
politeness; e.g.
e.g. nono
short
short forms
forms
Organisation
Organisation –– clear
clear and
and logical
logical
Style
Style –– academic;
academic; e.g.
e.g. nono rhetorical
rhetorical
questions,
questions, nono exclamations,
exclamations, nono extreme
extreme
opinions,
opinions, use
use tentative
tentative expressions
expressions such
such asas
‘this
‘this appears
appears toto be…’
be…’ ‘this
‘this isis probably
probably due
due
to…’
to…’
Content
Content –– relevant
relevant and
and complete
complete
Test Example
Test
Example

Test Format

Format and

and Tasks

Tasks -- Topics

Topics

Example Task

Task Topics:

Topics:

– Recommended

Recommended Materials

Materials inin CILL

CILL

Issues Issues inin English English CD-ROM CD-ROM Time, Time, Newsweek Newsweek and and The The Economist
Issues
Issues inin English
English CD-ROM
CD-ROM
Time,
Time, Newsweek
Newsweek and
and The
The Economist
Economist
magazines
magazines (also
(also onon the
the Internet)
Internet)
Test
Test

Test Format

Format and

and Tasks

Tasks Task

Task 11

Considerations for

Considerations

for Task

Task 11 include:

include:

Task Task Fulfillment Fulfillment –– answering answering the the question question completely completely Coherence Coherence ––
Task
Task Fulfillment
Fulfillment –– answering
answering the
the
question
question completely
completely
Coherence
Coherence –– e.g.
e.g. Firstly,
Firstly, Secondly,
Secondly,
Finally Finally
Cohesion
Cohesion –– e.g.
e.g. ‘this’,
‘this’, ‘it’,
‘it’, ‘he’,
‘he’, ‘and’,
‘and’,
‘but’
‘but’ and
and synonyms
synonyms
Vocabulary
Vocabulary –– good
good range,
range, appropriate
appropriate
Sentence
Sentence Structure
Structure –– concise
concise but
but not
not
simplistic;
simplistic; e.g.
e.g. correct
correct use
use of
of relative
relative
clauses.
clauses.
of Example Task 1 1 Academic Writing - Writing Task 1 You You should should

Example of

Example

of Task

Task 11

Academic Writing - Writing Task 1

You You should should spend spend about about 2020 minutes minutes onon this this task. task.
You
You should
should spend
spend
about
about 2020 minutes
minutes
onon this
this task.
task.
The
The graph
graph below
below
shows
shows the
the
different
different modes
modes of
of
transport
transport used
used toto
travel
travel toto and
and from
from
work
work inin one
one
European
European city
city inin
1950,
1950, 1970
1970 and
and
1990.
1990.
Write
Write aa report
report for
for aa university
university lecturer
lecturer describing
describing the
the information
information

shown.

shown. You

You should

should write

write at

at least

least 150

150 words.

words.

of Example Task 1 1 Academic Writing - Writing Task 1 With With aa partner:

Example of

Example

of Task

Task 11

Academic Writing - Writing Task 1

With With aa partner: partner: 1. 1. Identify Identify the the main main trends trends for
With
With aa partner:
partner:
1.
1. Identify
Identify the
the main
main
trends
trends for
for each
each
mode.
mode.
2.
2.
Identify
Identify any
any large
large
increases
increases oror
decreases.
decreases.
3.
3.
Are
Are there
there any
any clear
clear
and
and consistent
consistent
directions?
directions?
4.
4.
Does
Does anything
anything
seem
seem surprising?
surprising?
5.
5.
Are
Are there
there any
any clear
clear
relationships
relationships
between
between modes
modes oror
percentages?
percentages?
Possible Possible Answer Answer for for Task Task 11 Full Full Answer Answer The The graph
Possible
Possible Answer
Answer for
for Task
Task 11
Full
Full Answer
Answer
The
The graph
graph shows
shows the
the percentage
percentage of
of travellers
travellers inin aa European
European city
city who
who used
used bus,
bus,
car,
car, bike
bike and
and foot
foot toto commute
commute toto and
and from
from work
work inin the
the years
years 1950,
1950, 1970
1970 and
and
1990.
1990.
The
The amount
amount of
of people
people using
using cars
cars grew
grew considerably,
considerably, rising
rising from
from just
just over
over 5%5%
inin 1950
1950 toto 25%25% inin 1970,
1970, and
and then
then climbing
climbing toto almost
almost 40%40% byby 1990.
1990.
However,
However, the
the amount
amount of
of people
people using
using bikes
bikes decreased.
decreased. Over
Over 25%25% of
of
commuters
commuters cycled
cycled inin 1950,
1950, but
but this
this had
had fallen
fallen toto less
less than
than 10%10% byby 1990.
1990.
Similarly,
Similarly, the
the amount
amount of
of people
people who
who walked
walked toto work
work fell
fell from
from more
more than
than aa
third
third inin 1950
1950 toto about
about 10%10% inin 1990.
1990.
The
The amount
amount of
of people
people using
using buses
buses initially
initially rose
rose inin 1970
1970 toto about
about 30%,
30%, but
but had
had
dropped
dropped toto about
about 17%17% byby 1990.
1990.
The
The graph
graph indicates
indicates the
the growing
growing use
use of
of cars
cars for
for commuting
commuting and
and the
the
corresponding
corresponding fall
fall inin the
the popularity
popularity of
of other
other modes
modes of
of transport
transport since
since 1950.
1950.
Instructions: The graph below shows the different
Instructions:
The graph below
shows the different

Possible Answer

Possible

Answer for

for Task

Task 11 --

Introduction

Introduction

Instructions: The graph below shows the different Answer Possible for Task 1 1 - - Introduction

modes of transport

used to travel to and

from work in one

European city in

Instructions: The graph below shows the different Answer Possible for Task 1 1 - - Introduction
1950, 1970 and 1990. Answer: Answer: The graph shows the percentage of travellers in The graph
1950, 1970 and
1990.
Answer: Answer:
The graph shows the percentage of travellers in
The graph shows the percentage of travellers in
aa European
European city
city who
who used
used bus,
bus, car,
car, bike
bike and
and
foot
foot toto commute
commute toto and
and from
from work
work inin the
the years
years
1950,
1950, 1970
1970 and
and 1990.
1990.
Possible Answer: Answer:
Possible
Answer:
Answer:

Possible Answer

Answer for

for Task

Task 11 -- Cars

Cars

The The amount amount of of people people using using cars cars grew grew considerably, considerably,
The
The amount
amount of
of
people
people using
using
cars
cars grew
grew
considerably, considerably,
rising
rising from
from
just
just over
over 5%5%
inin 1950
1950 toto
25%25% inin 1970,
1970,
and
and then
then
climbing
climbing toto
almost
almost 40%40%
byby 1990.
1990.
Possible Answer: Answer: However, However, the the
Possible
Answer:
Answer:
However,
However, the
the

Possible Answer

and

Answer for

for Task

Task 11 Bikes

Bikes

and Walkers

Walkers

amount amount of of people people using using bikes bikes decreased. decreased. Over Over 25%25% of
amount
amount of
of
people
people using
using
bikes
bikes decreased.
decreased.
Over
Over 25%25% of
of
commuters commuters
cycled
cycled inin 1950,
1950,
but
but this
this had
had
fallen
fallen toto less
less
than
than 10%10% byby
1990.
1990. Similarly,
Similarly,
the
the amount
amount of
of people
people who
who walked
walked toto work
work fell
fell
from
from more
more than
than aa third
third inin 1950
1950 toto about
about 10%10% inin
1990.
1990.
Possible
Possible

Possible Answer

Answer for

for Task

Task 11 -- Buses

Buses

Answer: Answer: The The amount amount of of people people using using buses buses initially initially
Answer:
Answer:
The
The amount
amount
of
of people
people
using
using buses
buses
initially
initially rose
rose
inin 1970
1970 toto
about
about 30%,
30%,
but
but had
had
dropped
dropped toto
about
about 17%17%
byby 1990.
1990.
Answer: Answer:
Answer:
Answer:

Possible Answer

Possible

Answer for

for Task

Task 11

Conclusion

Conclusion

The The graph graph indicates indicates the the growing growing use use of of cars cars
The
The graph
graph
indicates
indicates the
the
growing
growing use
use of
of
cars
cars for
for
commuting
commuting and
and
the
the corresponding
corresponding
fall
fall inin the
the
popularity
popularity of
of other
other
modes
modes of
of
transport
transport since
since
1950.
1950.
Test Task
Test
Task

Test Format

Format and

and Tasks

Tasks Task

Task 22

Task 22 isis assessed

assessed on:

on:

Quality Quality of of Arguments Arguments –– logical, logical, well- well- considered considered Ideas Ideas and
Quality
Quality of
of Arguments
Arguments –– logical,
logical, well-
well-
considered
considered
Ideas
Ideas and
and Evidence
Evidence –– support
support your
your points
points
Communicative
Communicative Quality
Quality
Vocabulary
Vocabulary and
and Sentence
Sentence Structure
Structure
Example Example of of Task Task 22 Read Read the the question question carefully carefully and
Example
Example of
of Task
Task 22
Read
Read the
the question
question carefully
carefully and
and read
read itit several
several
times.
times. Decide
Decide what
what the
the focus
focus of
of the
the task
task is?
is?
The
The first
first sentence
sentence isis sometimes
sometimes background
background
information, information, the the focus focus of of the the essay essay and and the the
information,
information, the
the focus
focus of
of the
the essay
essay and
and the
the
question
question come
come after.
after. For
For example:
example:
‘‘Some
Some businesses
businesses now
now say
say that
that nono one
one can
can
smoke
smoke cigarettes
cigarettes inin any
any of
of their
their offices.
offices. Some
Some
governments
governments have
have banned
banned smoking
smoking inin all
all
public
public places.
places.
This
This isis aa good
good idea
idea but
but itit takes
takes away
away some
some of
of
our
our freedom
freedom..
DoDo you
you agree
agree oror disagree?’
disagree?’
– Decide
Decide what
what the
the task
task requires
requires you
you do.
do.
- - Organisation Strategies Organisation Organisation – After After you you have have produced produced

Strategies -- Organisation

Strategies

Organisation

Organisation

Organisation

– After

After you

you have

have produced

produced your

your ideas,

ideas, you

you

need toto organise

need

organise them.

them.

– DoDo not not produce produce aa list list of of ideas ideas without without development.
– DoDo not
not produce
produce aa list
list of
of ideas
ideas without
without
development.
development.
– Decide
Decide onon the
the key
key ideas.
ideas. How
How many
many ideas
ideas
can
can you
you cover
cover inin 150
150 oror 250
250 words?
words?
– Select
Select some
some supporting
supporting points
points for
for each
each key
key
idea
idea inin your
your list.
list.
– Think
Think about
about your
your own
own experience
experience –– dodo you
you
have
have any
any further
further points
points toto add.
add.
Respond
Respond

Strategies Content

Strategies

Content

Respond toto each

each point

point mentioned

mentioned inin

the task.

the

task.

– Your

Your answer

answer must

must bebe complete.

complete.

– Make Make sure sure you you dodo not: not: misunderstand misunderstand the the question; question;
– Make
Make sure
sure you
you dodo not:
not:
misunderstand
misunderstand the
the question;
question;
e.g.
e.g. smoking
smoking inin Government
Government offices
offices
write
write about
about something
something not
not required
required inin the
the
question;
question; e.g.
e.g. banning
banning smoking
smoking completely
completely
answer
answer only
only half
half of
of the
the topic;
topic;
e.g.
e.g. you
you write
write about
about isis itit aa good
good idea,
idea, but
but
don’t
don’t write
write about
about freedom.
freedom.
Allow Allow some some time For For example: example:
Allow
Allow some
some time
For
For example:
example:

Strategies

Strategies -- Planning

Planning

think about

about the

the question.

question.

time toto think

note

note down

down clear

clear and

and relevant

relevant ideas

ideas

make

make aa brief

brief plan

plan of

of the

the organisation

organisation and

and content

content of

of your

your answer.

answer.

  • Intro Intro –– smoking

smoking inin businesses

businesses && Govt.

Govt. -- good

good idea,

idea, freedom?

freedom?

  • Smoking Smoking inin businesses

businesses

– Good Good idea? idea? Smokers Smokers may may work work better better ifif they they
– Good
Good idea?
idea?
Smokers
Smokers may
may work
work better
better ifif they
they can
can smoke
smoke
Passive
Passive smoking
smoking –– objections
objections from
from other
other staff
staff
– Takes
Takes away
away freedom?
freedom?
Businesses
Businesses have
have the
the right
right toto limit
limit staff
staff activities
activities
Govt.
Govt. limitations
limitations onon smoking
smoking inin public
public places
places
– Good
Good idea?
idea?
Costs
Costs toto society
society -- Passive
Passive smoking,
smoking, litter,
litter, health
health care
care
Benefits
Benefits toto society
society –– tax
tax revenue,
revenue, pleasure
pleasure of
of smokers
smokers
Pressure
Pressure groups
groups –– smokers,
smokers, tobacco
tobacco companies,
companies, sponsors
sponsors
– Takes
Takes away
away freedom?
freedom?
Govt.
Govt. has
has the
the right
right toto regulate
regulate citizens’
citizens’ activities
activities
Will
Will citizens
citizens support
support regulation?
regulation?
Conclusion
Conclusion
Strategies The
Strategies
The

Strategies Content

Content -- Introduction

Introduction

The Introduction

Introduction

– Important: Important: gives gives first first impression. impression. – AA fewfew sentences. sentences. – Introduce
– Important:
Important: gives
gives first
first impression.
impression.
– AA fewfew sentences.
sentences.
– Introduce
Introduce the
the topic.
topic.
– Preface
Preface the
the main
main points.
points.
– Define
Define what
what you
you understand
understand byby the
the task
task
– Show
Show how
how you
you intend
intend toto approach
approach the
the task.
task.
Strategies
Strategies

Strategies Introduction

Introduction -- Example

Example

Limitations on smoking in businesses and

public places are a controversial topic as,

although they may be a good idea, they

may also interfere with people’s freedom.

Non-smokers are likely to think that banning smoking is a good idea, but smokers naturally may
Non-smokers are likely to think that
banning smoking is a good idea, but
smokers naturally may not. Different
cultures may have varying attitudes to
whether businesses or governments have
the right to ban smoking in certain places.
Strategies – – Body - - Example Banning smoking in businesses may not be a good

Strategies

Strategies Body

Body -- Example

Example

Banning smoking in businesses may not be a good idea

because smokers may work better if they can smoke.

However, passive smoking can cause objections from

colleagues.

Although such bans may reduce freedom, businesses are

widely seen as having the right to regulate staff activities. Governments may also ban smoking in
widely seen as having the right to regulate staff activities.
Governments may also ban smoking in public. This may be a
good idea due to the costs to society of smoking such as litter
and health care. However, smoking in public may also benefit
society, for example in tax revenue and the pleasure of
smokers. Also, pressure groups such as tobacco companies
may discourage limitations on smoking.
As for freedom, in many cultures the government has the
right to regulate citizens’ activities. It is also increasingly

possible that citizens would support such bans.

Strategies The The Conclusion Conclusion
Strategies
The
The Conclusion
Conclusion

Strategies Content

Content -- Conclusion

Conclusion

Important:

Important: Opportunity

Opportunity toto leave

leave aa good

good impression.

impression.

AA fewfew sentences.

sentences.

– Summarises Summarises your your key key ideas ideas and and your your main main ideas.
– Summarises
Summarises your
your key
key ideas
ideas and
and your
your main
main ideas.
ideas.
– IfIf appropriate,
appropriate, aa final
final decision,
decision, statement,
statement, oror
recommendation.
recommendation.
Strategies
Strategies

Strategies Conclusion

Conclusion -- Example

Example

As a non-smoker I believe that limiting

smoking in workplaces and in public is

a good idea. I can also understand the

opinion of smokers that banning smoking in such places limits their freedom. If the effects of
opinion of smokers that banning
smoking in such places limits their
freedom. If the effects of smoking
were limited to smokers I would
oppose bans, but as smoking affects
the health of others, I support them.
Further Further Help Help -- WAP WAP WAP WAP –– Writing Writing Assistance Assistance Programme Programme
Further
Further Help
Help -- WAP
WAP
WAP
WAP –– Writing
Writing Assistance
Assistance Programme
Programme
Core
Core AA 3/F
3/F

One-to-one

One-to-one help

help from

from anan ELC

ELC teacher

teacher with

with

your your writing writing – WAP WAP teachers teachers will will give give you you suggestions
your
your writing
writing
– WAP
WAP teachers
teachers will
will give
give you
you suggestions
suggestions for
for
improving
improving your
your writing.
writing. They
They will
will not
not proof-
proof-
read.
read.
– More
More information
information at
at
http://elc.polyu.edu.hk/wap/
http://elc.polyu.edu.hk/wap/
CILL
CILL

Further Help

Further

Help -- CILL

CILL

CILL –– Centre

Centre for

for Independent

Independent

Language Learning

Language

Learning Core

Core AA 3/F

3/F

– Help Help from from anan ELC ELC teacher teacher with with your your writing, writing,
– Help
Help from
from anan ELC
ELC teacher
teacher with
with your
your
writing,
writing, reading,
reading, speaking
speaking and
and listening
listening
– CILL
CILL teachers
teachers can
can give
give you
you suggestions
suggestions
for
for improving
improving your
your writing.
writing. They
They will
will not
not
proof-read
proof-read
– More
More information
information at
at
http://elc.polyu.edu.hk/cill/ielts/
http://elc.polyu.edu.hk/cill/ielts/
You You can can find
You
You can
can find

Room

References

References

find these

these books

books inin CILL,

CILL,

Room AG305:

AG305:

You You can can find Room References References these books inin CILL, Room AG305: AG305: Cambridge

Cambridge

Cambridge Practice

Practice Tests

Tests for

for the

the

IELTS, IELTS, Books Books 1, 1, 22 && 33 (with (with CD-ROM CD-ROM for for listening
IELTS,
IELTS, Books
Books 1,
1, 22 && 33 (with
(with CD-ROM
CD-ROM
for
for listening
listening tests)
tests)
Insight
Insight into
into IELTS
IELTS -- anan IELTS
IELTS
preparation
preparation course
course
Presenting
Presenting Facts
Facts and
and Figures
Figures
Great
Great Essays
Essays
UGC
UGC

Useful

Useful websites

websites

UGC Introductory

Introductory site

UGC Useful Useful websites websites UGC Introductory Introductory site site <a href=http://www.ugccepa.com http://www.ugccepa.com IELTS homepage IELTS homepage http://www.ielts.org/index.htm http://www.ielts.org/index.htm ELC ELC homepage homepage http://elc.polyu.edu.hk http://elc.polyu.edu.hk " id="pdf-obj-30-20" src="pdf-obj-30-20.jpg">

IELTS homepage

IELTS

ELC ELC homepage homepage http://elc.polyu.edu.hk http://elc.polyu.edu.hk
ELC
ELC homepage
homepage http://elc.polyu.edu.hk
http://elc.polyu.edu.hk
Please
Please

Questions

Questions

Please dodo not

not ask

ask usus (or

(or any

any ELC

ELC

teacher) toto predict

teacher)

predict what

what grade

grade you

you

will will get, get, asas such such prediction prediction isis forbidden forbidden byby the the IELTS
will
will get,
get, asas such
such prediction
prediction isis
forbidden
forbidden byby the
the IELTS
IELTS organisation.
organisation.
Please
Please dodo not
not ask
ask about
about test
test dates
dates
and
and venues,
venues, asas these
these are
are not
not
organised
organised byby the
the ELC.
ELC.