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Deductive Method

Inductive Method

Deductive Method
The teacher tells or shows
directly what he/she wants to
teach. This is also referred to
as direct instruction.

Deductive Method
According to Bob Adamson, The
deductive method is often criticized
a) it teaches grammar in an isolated way;
b) little attention is paid to meaning;
c) practice is often mechanical.

Inductive Method
Instruction makes use of student
noticing. Instead of explaining a
given concept and following this
with examples, the
teacher presents students with many
examples showing how the concept is
used. The intent is for students to
notice, by way of the examples, how
the concept works.

How can a teacher decide which method

is the best choice for a given topic?
How personalized should the learning be?
Students will usually be more involved in
the learning experience and tend to
participate more actively when an
inductive approach is used. If a deductive
approach is chosen, it is important to
structure the learning experience in
order to draw on students' prior
experiences and learning, and to provide
for their active involvement.

How can a teacher decide which method

is the best choice for a given topic?
predictable? The deductive approach is
more predictable because the teacher
selects the information and the sequence
of presentation.
What depth of understanding and rate of
retention is desired? Students tend to
understand and remember more when
learning occurs inductively.

How can a teacher decide which method

is the best choice for a given topic?
How much time is available to teach the
material? The deductive approach is
faster and can be an efficient way to
teach large numbers of facts and
concrete concepts.

Deductive versus Inductive

Deductive Method
1. It does not give any new
2. It is a method of verification.

Inductive Method
1. It gives new knowledge
2. It is a method of discovery.

3. It is the method of instruction. 3. It is a method of teaching.

4. Child gets ready made
information and makes use of it.
5. It is quick process.
6. It encourages dependence on
other sources.
7. There is less scope of activity
in it.
8. It is a downward process of
thought and leads to useful

4.Child acquires first hand

knowledge and information by
actual observation.
5. It is a slow process.
6. It trains the mind and gives
self confidence and initiative.
7. It is full of activity.
8. It is an upward process of
thought and leads to principles.


1. Blended Learning
Learning that is facilitated by the
effective combination of different
modes of delivery, models of
teaching and styles of learning, and
communication amongst all parties
involved with a course. Heinze, A.; C.
Procter (2004).

2. Reflective Teaching
through an analysis and

Deductive Method
Inductive Method
Reported by:
Jhun Ar Ar R. Ramos

Dr. Cecilia G. Salazar