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Dr.

Umer Farooq
Ph.D. in Textile Machatronics from University of
Leads, UK
M.Sc. University of Leads, UK
Chartered Textile Technologist.
8 years Research and Teaching Experience
Specialization: Yarn Spinning
Topic

Innovation in Textiles: Trends and


Challenges

INNOVATION IN TEXTILES:
Trends and Challenges
Dr. Tahir Shah
CMRI, University of Bolton, UK
Dr. Umer Farooq
University of Management and Technology, Lahore

CONTENTS
What is innovation?
Innovation - The Global Textile Industry
Pakistani Textile Industry Perspective
Industry University Interaction
The Way Forward
Conclusions

INTRODUCTION

The global textile industry is increasingly facing


competition from low-wage countries

Innovations in the production, composition and application


of new textiles will be able to create stability in this sector

New technologies in textile production and processing are


driving innovation in high-tech textile products

New processes will lead to new products and hence to an


expansion of the traditional textile industries, both in terms
of supply and production

What is Innovation?
Innovation is not the
product of logical thought,
although the result is tied to
logical structure"
Albert Einstein

A definition of Innovation!
There are various definitions of innovation,
depending on the context.
Innovation is a process for transforming:

Research Based Ideas

Commercial
Value

TO GROW, COMPANIES NEED


TO BREAK OUT OF A VICIOUS
CYCLE OF COMPETETIVE
BENCHMARKING AND
IMMITATION
W.Chan Kim & Rene Mauborgne, Think for yourself
Stop Copying a Rival, Financial Times, 08-11-03

Main Objectives of Innovation

Value
Addition

Diversification
Of Economy

INNOVATION
Economic
Growth

Technological
Sovereignty

The Innovation Process


An innovation starts as a concept that is refined
and developed before application.
ADAPTATION
AND
MARKETING

BASIC
RESEARCH

APPLIED
RESEARCH

PRODUCT
DEVELOPMENT
(Including market
research)

Components of an Innovation System

Infrastructure

People

Environment

Institutions

IS
Will

Benefits of R&D

Research

Development

Consumer
Benefits and
Satisfaction
More Jobs
More Goods
Higher GNP

Increased
Investment

Investment in
Innovation

New Products/
Processes

Company
Profits

Textile Industry: The need to Innovate


The Textile industry is subject to strong pressures in a fastchanging business environment due to two main factors:
Market volatility and
Strong competition world-wide
The industry need to enhance its capability to produce and
market high quality and added value products
This requires emphasis on new technology, design,
marketing and management
Textile manufacturers must consider when/how to innovate

Size of Major Global Industrial Sectors

Annual Sales (US$ Bn)


Military
800
Machine construction
800
Automotive
1100
Chemicals
1320
Textiles
1620
Information technology
2850
Tourism
2900

LEADERS
LEADERS
IN TEXTILE
IN INNOVATION:
INNOVATION:
Industries
Industries

LEADERS IN TEXTILE INNOVATION: COUNTRIES

Some important market aspects


Market pull from fresh approach to future life
styles/fashion
Aging population better quality of life
Changing market Changes in needs
Highly functional sports and leisure wear
Personal protection, safety and comfort
Integration of textile technology, electronics and
communication technologies

Increasing textile customer demands

Hydrophobic
Hydrophilic
Anti-bacterial
Barrier
Breathability
Antistatic
Stretch

Smart/Intelligent

It is the consumer demand that leads


to new innovative technologies and value
added textile materials.

Factors impacting the future generation of textiles


Flexibility: Small batches,
Just in time
Customized production

New polymers,
Renewable materials

Raw Materials

Processes

Impacting
Factors
Functionalities

Dynamic properties, Anti-microbial


Self-cleaning, Smart textiles,
Comfort

Environment

Water use, Energy use


Chemicals, Working conditions,
Disposal, Recyling

Emerging finishing technologies for textiles

Plasma technology
Atmospheric and low-pressure Treatments

Microencapsulation technology
Functional fabric finishing

Nanotechnology
Nano coating, Electrospinning

What is Nanotechnology?
Nanotechnology deals with the science and
technology at dimensions of roughly 1 to
100 nanometers (nm).

1 Billion Nanometres = 1 Metre


100 nanometers presently is the practically
attainable dimension for textile products and
applications.

Growth of Nanotechnology
The nature of nanotechnology research and development
suggests that nanomaterials production is going to impact
every industry, including textiles.

Nanotechnology currently being developed and used


Nanotechnology can be used in engineering desired textile attributes:
Fabric softness, durability, and breathability
Developing advanced performance characteristics, namely:
Water repellency, fire retardancy, antimicrobial resistance, etc.

In the forms of:


Polymeric nanofibres
Conjugate fibres containing nano-particles
Textile materials with nanofinishes
Textile coatings containing nano-particles
Nanotechnology presents a tremendous opportunity for the global textile
industry to generate new products that could energize the economy, solve
major societal problems, revitalize existing industry, and create entirely new
businesses.

Impact of Nanotechnology on Textiles Industry

A recent report shows that:

The global market for nanotechnology in the Textiles industry was


around US$480 million in 2007.
A number of nano-based products have already been introduced to the
sector including stain, water and fire resistant fabrics.
Nano-based products and processes will be worth US$4.9 billion to the
Textiles industry by 2015.
Nearly 25% of all textiles products available in 2015 will incorporate some
form of nanotechnology -hygiene area, which covers numerous
markets from household care to leisure and consumer goods to healthcare.
Nanotechnology based applications such self-cleaning textiles as will start
to make a major impact from 2011.

Nanotechnology: functional finishing


The functional finishing are processes which
impart specific performance properties to fabrics
For example finishes that:
Improve comfort
Improve ease of maintenance
Improve durability
Provide environmental protection
Provide biological resistance
Self-cleaning fibres
Small things can create big

businesses !!!

Active Areas of Textile R&D: Functional Textiles

Fragrance release textiles


Photocatalytic textile coatings
Shape Memory Polymers for Intelligent textiles
Self-Cleaning Fabrics
Carbon Nanotubes for Electronic Textiles
Multifunctional Coatings for Medical Textile Applications
Textile switches and sensors, and electronic noses
Bioactive wound dressings
Electrically conductive textiles
Stain and water repellent textiles
Healing textiles

Applications of Nanotechnology Based Textiles

Protective/functional
Nanofibres and
Fibres containing
nanoparticles

Hospital/healthcare
Automotive parts
Added
Value
Textiles

Finishes and
coatings of nanobased materials

Smart clothing
Aerospace/defence
Sports/leisure
Filter media

Innovation:
A Pakistani
Textile Industry
Perspective

Pakistani Textile Industry: As It appears --

Pakistani textile industry is a major


contributor to the economy of the
country
The sector has not yet realised its full
potential
The industry is still too traditionally
minded
The industry needs to take full
advantage of the developments in the
global arena

Export of Textile Products from 1971 - 2006

Source: Textile Commission Organisation -TCO / Central Statistics


Office, Pakistan

$ 10.211 B A snapshot
Pakistan Textile (US
Industry:

Exports

US $ 10.211 BN (62.1% OF TOTAL EXPORTS)

Manufacturing

46% OF TOTAL MANUFACTURING

Employment

38% OF TOTAL LABOUR FORCE

GDP

8.5% OF TOTAL GDP

Contribution to R&D

RS 263 MILLION

(<0.05% of Textile exports!)

Global R&D spending targets

Country/region

R&D intensity in 2002


(Per cent of GDP)

R&D target

Target
date

European Union

1.85

3.0 per cent of GDP

2010

Austria

2.12

2.5 per cent of GDP

2006

Canada

1.96

Top 5 in OECD

2010

Germany

2.53

3.0 per cent of GDP

2010

Korea

2.53

Significant > (x2)

2007

Norway

1.67

At least OECD average

2005

India

0.8

?????

2010

China

1.23

Significant >

2010

Pakistan

<0.05 (2006)

????????

2010

USA

2.75

2010

Innovation Index of selected countries in a study


conducted in 2009 of 82 countries across the world.
Patents data are averaged over 2004-07 and expressed as
patents per million population for each country- Economist
2009

Innovation Performance Index of selected countries


over a period of 5 years (2009 to 2013)
Economist 2009

CMRI Bolton
University:
(US $ 10.211 B

Examples of Current Innovative R&D

Wound dressings/bandages
Wearable devices (Breast Cancer Detection)
Active cooling fabrics
Conducting flexible materials
Auxetic Fibres
Ballistic protection composite
Hybrid geotextiles
Nanocomposites

(US $ 10.211
B
Pakistan Textile Industry:
The
Way Forward

Pakistani textile industry must adopt a fresh approach to technology adoption


The companies and government need to invest resources into R&D
Develop the ability to create specialized products
These could include textiles made using new technologies woven,
knitting, nonwoven, etc.
New products surgical gowns, geotextiles, fabrics used in agriculture,
high-fashion apparel, and fire-resistant work-wear.
The textile industry should be a knowledge-intensive industry - willing to look
for and apply knowledge

Trying to match low-wage


countries with low cost
production
- Surely a losing strategy.

(US $ 10.211 What


B
Pakistan Textile Industry:
is needed?

Improve infrastructure services as a foundation for


technology development

Improve higher education in science and engineering


Link universities with private sector activities
Breakdown barriers between university departments
Promote innovative activities in science & technology
Improve policy to create/promote innovative environment
Focus on strategic and under-funded research areas

(US $ 10.211
B
Pakistan Textile Industry:
Some
Specific Actions

Establish Centres of Excellence


> Education
> R&D
> Targeted workshops/training programmes

Focus on new and emerging technologies


> Technical textiles
> Nonwovens
> Medical Textiles
> Geotextiles
> Nanotechnology
> Effluent minimisation and treatment/disposal

(US $ 10.211 B
Innovation: Industry-University
Interaction

Benefits of universities, industry and society working together:


Sponsored research projects: funding, equipment and resource donations
Shared knowledge
Source of employment
New idea generation

Universities and industrial organisations have much to gain


from each other
There is a strong need to improve interaction between these
two important sectors
This will enhance innovative activities in the textile sector
An effective mechanism is needed to nurture this interaction

(US $ 10.211 B
CONCLUSIONS

Innovation has become the major driving


force in economic growth and social
development in the West.
This is reflected by the fact that Western
countries are promoting innovation as one
of their core strategies.
Providing support for activities and
initiatives that promote an innovative and
knowledge driven economy.

A Final Thought !!!!!


There are three kinds of organizations:
Those that resist change
Those that accept change
Those that seek change

Surely Allah does not


change the condition of a
people until they change
their own condition.
[Al-Qur'an (13:11) ]

INNOVATION IS
NOT AN ABSOLUTE
NECESSITY BUT
THEN NEITHER IS

SURVIVAL!
Thank you