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DISCUSSION OF

MAKING USE J.M.F.


CONSTRUCTED BY
LABORATORY IN
EXECUTION OF
PROJECT (SURFACE
COARSE, BC, SDBC)

BRAHMAPUTRA CONSULTANTS AND TECHNOCRATS


SEUJ BAN PATH, FATASIL AMBARI, GUWAHATI-781 025
(Regd. No.:RF/KM/143/514 of 1997-98)
94353-03112, 98645-07347 (M)
JOB MIX FORMULA (ABSRACT SHEET NO I)
Sub:- 4 lanning existing NH 37 from km 134.00 to 140.00 (T= 6th Km) including construction of Fly Over at LGBI Airport
Junction under Guwahati NH Division in the State of Assam, Job No. 037-AS-2008-09-061, Package No. PWDNH(R)/GHY/08-09/03.
: Job No. 037-AS-2008-09-061
40 mm thick BC.
2. SOURCE & TYPE OF AGGR
: Broken chips, site collected by client.
3. SAMPLE USED & PROPORTION
: S.No.-3-20%, S.No.-4-20%, S.No.-5-30%,
S. No. 6-27%, Cement-2%.
4.TYPE OF BINDER
: PMB-70
5. P.C. BINDER BY WT. OF MIX
: 5.50
6. BULK (DESIGN) DENSITY OF MIX GM/CC
: 2.40
COMPUTATION OF MATERIALS FOR 10M2 AREA OF 40 MM COMPACTED THICKNESS BC
1.NAME OF JOB & THICKNESS

Sample No.

P.C. of Each
Sample
on dry
aggregat
e

P.C. of Each
Sampl
e on
total
mix

Material By WT
(Kg)

Materials By
Volume M3

Sample No.3

20%

18.90%

181.440

0.117

Sample No.4

20%

18.90%

181.440

0.116

Sample No.5

30%

28.35%

272.160

0.75

Sample No.6

27%

25.50%

244.944

0.141

Cement

3%

3%

27.216

27.216 kg

PMB-70 Grade
Bitumen

5.82%

5.50%

52.799

52.799 kg

Note : Manufacturing, Spreading & Rolling temperature will be according to table 500 5 of
Specification for Road Bridge work.
All tests have been conducted as per relevant IS codes.

Remarks

Most
4th Revision

BRAHMAPUTRA CONSULTANTS AND TECHNOCRATS


SEUJ BAN PATH, FATASIL AMBARI, GUWAHATI-781 025
(Regd. No.:RF/KM/143/514 of 1997-98)
94353-03112, 98645-07347 (M)

MIX-DESIGN OF B.C.
DESIGN OF DENSE GRADED BITUMINOUS CONCRETE
INTRODUCTION :The Sampling has been done by the client and they have been marked in laboratory thus
a.Sample no 1 40 mm nominal size broken chips.
b)Sample no 2 26.5 mm nominal size broken chips.
c)Sample no 3 19.00 mm nominal size broken chips.
d)Sample no 4 13.2 mm nominal size broken chips.
e)Sample no 5 6.7 mm nominal size broken chips.
f)Sample no 6 Crusher Dust
g)Sample No- 7 OPC 43, Grade Cement
h)Binder
i) 60/70 Grade Bitumen for D.B.M.
CRMB 55 for SDBC
PMB 70 - for BC
Sample are subjected to various tests in order to judge its suitability or otherwise against the
requirement given in the Table no. 500 3 and 500 14 of Specification for Road and Bridge work
Fourth Revision.
It has been intimated by the client that samples are obtained from dump kept at site in size
for utilization on roads as such design has to be worked out within frame works of this keeping this
aspect in view, all samples are sieved out and ascertained that requirement of 40 mm thick BC
would be met by the sample no 3, sample no 4, sample no 5, & sample no 6 and Cement as filler
with PMB-70 Grade Bitumen.

ALL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATES AND BITUMEN ARE AS


FOLLOWS:Grain size analysis : Coarse aggr. Do not contain materials passing more then 5% in
0.075
mm IS sieve
Individual grading of the aggregate :
P.C. by weight of Dry Aggr. Passing in I.S. Sive
I.S. Sieve
(mm)

37.5

26.5

19.0

13.2

Sample No.1

90

29

Sample No.2

100

100

44

Sample No.3

100

100

Sample No.4

100

Sample No.5
Sample No.6
(Dust)

9.5

4.75

2.36

100

34

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1.18

.600

.
30
0

.150

.075

90

25

100

100

60

35

18

100

100

100

100

99

86

64

34

18

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
Sample No.7
Following tests conducted on resultant materials of
aggregate
NAME OF TESTS

100

100

90

85

75

B.C.

1. Aggregate Impact value in P.C.

24.41

2. Combined Flakiness & Elongation Index P.C.

23.60

3. Water absorption in P.C.

0.560

4. Stripping value in P.C.

NIL i.e. 100%


Coating

Specific gravity and Bulk Density of each sample :Sample No.

Specific Gravity

Bulk Density, Kg/m3

Sample 1

2.761

1580

Sample 2

2.760

1565

Sample 3

2.750

1545

Sample 4

2.750

1555

Sample 5

2.745

1550

Sample 6 (Dust)

2.700

1725

Sample 7 (Cement)

3.12

Physical properties of Paving Grade Bitumen, PMB and CRMB:Sl.No

Name of Test

1.

Penetration value 100gm, 5 Sec,


250c, 1/100cm

2.

Ductility tests at 270 c in cm

3.

Softening point in 0C

4.

Elastic recovery of PMB at 150c

Paving
Bitumen

PMB -70

CRMB

67

57

42

More than
100

>100

30

47

52

57

52

60

The results obtained satisfy the requirement of S 65 (60/70) Grade Bitumen as per I.S. code.

PROPORTIONING OF MIXTURE FOR 40 MM BITUMINOUSCNCRETE


Aggregate are proportion in such a manner so that a maximum feasible uniform mixture complying with the
requirement of table 500-3 of MOSTS specification of Fourth Revision to be obtained by the materials available at
site taking five numbers/ of samples from SL.No. 3, SL. No.4, SL. No. 5, SL. No. 6 (Dust) with cement as Filler.
INDIVIDUAL GRADING AS WELL AS COMPOSITION OF AGGREGATES AS SHOWN BELOW :

I.S.
Sieve
mm

P.C. by wt. of dry aggregate


passing in sieve

Proportional P.C. of different samples

S.
No.
3

S.
No
4

S.
No
5

S.
No
6

Cem
ent

19.0

100

100

100

100

13.2

34

100

100

9.5

90

4.75

2.36

Combine
d Grading

Specifi
cation

S. No.
3

S. No
4

S. No
5

S. No
6

Cem
ent

20%

20%

30%

27%

3%

100

20

20

30

27

100

100

100

100

6.8

20

30

27

87

79100

100

100

100

1.0

18.0

30

27

79

70-88

25

60

100

100

0.4

5.0

18.0

27

53

53-71

35

100

100

1.6

10.5

27

42

42-58

1.18

18

99

100

1.2

3.6

26.73

34

34-48

.600

86

100

0.8

1.2

23.22

28

26-38

.300

64

90

17.28

2.7

20

18-28

.150

34

85

9.18

2.55

12

12-20

.075

18

75

4.86

2.25

4-10

MAXIMUM THEORETICAL SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND MEASURED BULK DENSITY OF COMPACTED MIX, ALONG
WITH OTHER DATA AT DIFFERENT P.C. OF BINDER FOR B.C
P.C.
BINDER ON
DRY AGGR

P.C. BINDER
ON TOTAL
MIX

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
OF MIX

BULK
DENSITY
(GM / CC)

Stability
in Kg

Flow
in MM

VIM

VMA

VFB

5.272

5.000

2.525

2.380

991

2.50

5.742

17.642

67.452

5.818

5.498

2.505

2.393

1158

3.20

4.471

17.627

74.635

6.454

6.063

2.483

2.400

1267

3.55

3.342

17.803

81.322

7.000

6.542

2.464

2.391

1119

3.55

2.962

18.603

84.077

7.545

7.016

2.446

2.381

1006

3.45

2.657

19.362

86.277

OPTIMUM BINDER CONTENT IS DETERMINED FROM THE AVERAGE OF THE FOLLOWING DATA, TAKEN FROM GRAPH
(I) Binder content at maximum stability
= 5.82
(II)Binder contact at maximum unit wt. of mix.
= 5.84
(III)Binder content at Minimum air voids
= 5.80
(IV)Optimum binder content on dry aggr.
= 5.82
(V) Optimum binder content on total mix
= 5.50
(VI) Maximum bulk density (gm/cc)
= 2.40
Following Test Results are obtained from optimum binder content and verified with Road & Bridge works

specification (Fourth Revision) :


Results Obtained

As per Specification

Stability in Kg.

1267

>1200

Flow in mm

3.55

3.0-4.5

VIM%

4.191

3-5

VMA%

17.391

Min 15

VFB%

75.000

65-75

Test

JOB MIX FORMULA FOR 40 MM THICK B.C.


Qnty per 10 m2
=
10 x .040m3 =0.40m3
Weight
=
960.000 kg =0.960 MT
COMPUTATION OF MATERIALS FOR 10M2 AREA OF 40 MM COMPACTED THICK B.C.

Sample No.

P.C. of
Each
Sample on
dry
aggregate

P.C. of
Each
Sample
on total
mix

Material By
WT (Kg)

Materials By
Volume M3

Remarks

Sample No.3

20%

18.90%

181.440

0.117

Sample No.4

20%

18.90%

181.440

0.116

Most
4th Revision

Sample No.5

30%

28.35%

272.160

0.75

Sample No.6

27%

25.50%

244.944

0.141

Cement

3%

3%

27.216

27.216 kg

PMB-70 Grade
Bitumen

5.82%

5.50%

52.799

52.799 kg

Note-1. Aggregates proportion for DBM & BC against W.M.M. would be worked out after ascertaining the type
of plants (Batch type plant or continuous drum type plant) and each capacity. This is essential requirement
prior to operation.
NOTE:- (a) All tables mentioned in the report relate to specification for Road & Bridge Works, and also contract.
(b) All tests have been conducted according to relevant codes.
(c) manufacturing and rolling temperature would be according to table 500 5 of specification for Road &
Bridge works (Fourth Revision)
(d) Resultant mixture of dry obtained after proportioning in the lab., Have been subjected to sieve analysis it is
found designated sieves only to that of design one.

BRAHMAPUTRA CONSULTANTS AND TECHNOCRATS


SEUJ BAN PATH, FATASIL AMBARI, GUWAHATI-781 025
(Regd. No.:RF/KM/143/514 of 1997-98)
94353-03112, 98645-07347 (M)
JOB MIX FORMULA (ABSRACT SHEET NO 1)
SEMI-DENSE BITUMINOUS CONCRETE
Sub:- 4 lanning existing NH 37 from km 134.00 to 140.00 (T= 6 th Km) including construction of Fly Over at
LGBI Airport Junction under Guwahati NH Division in the State of Assam, Job No. 037-AS-2008-09-061,
Package No. PWD-NH(R)/GHY/08-09/03.
1. NAME OF JOB & THICKNESS
2. JOB NO & LOCATION
3. SOURCE & TYPE OF AGGR
4. SAMPLE USED & PROPORTION

: 25 mm thick S.D.B.C.
: Job No. 037-AS-2008-09-061
: Broken Chips, site collection by Client.
: S. NO.1-58%, S.NO.2-20%
S.NO. 3-20%, S.No.4-2% (Cement).
5. TYPE OF BINDER
: CRMB-55 Grade
6. P.C. BINDER BY WT. OF MIX
: 5.30
7. BULK (DESIGN) DENSITY OF MIX GM/CC
: 2.384
COMPUTATION OF MATERIALS FOR 10 M2 AREA OF 25 MM COMPACTED THICKNESS (S.D.B.C.)
Sample No.

P.C. of Each
Sample on dry
Aggr.

Sample No.1

58%

P.C. of Each
Sample on
Total Mix

Materials By
WT (Kg)

Materials By
Volume M3

44.93%

327.348

0.210

Sample No.2

20%

18.94%

112.878

0.072

Sample No.3

20%

18.94%

112.878

0.065

Sample No. 4
(Cement)

2%

11.287

11.287

CRMB-55

5.60

5.30%

31.606

31.606

Note: Manufacturing, Spreading & Rolling temperature will be according to table


500-5 of
Specification for Road Bridge work.

Remarks

Most
4th Revision

BRAHMAPUTRA CONSULTANTS AND TECHNOCRATS


SEUJ BAN PATH, FATASIL AMBARI, GUWAHATI-781 025
(Regd. No.:RF/KM/143/514 of 1997-98)
94353-03112, 98645-07347 (M)

MIX-DESIGN OF S.D.B.C.
DESIGN SEMI DENSE BITUMINOUS CONCRETE
INTRODUCTION :
The Sampling has been done by the client and they have been marked in laboratory thus
a)Sample No 1 13.2 mm down broken chips.
b)Sample No 2 6.7 mm nominal broken chips.
c)Sample No 3 Crusher Dust.
d)Sample No.- 4 - OPC 43 Grade Cement
e)
Binder
i) CRMB-55.
Samples are subjected to various in order to judge its suitability or otherwise
against the requirement given in the Table No. 500-3 and 500-14 of Specification of Road
and Bridge work Fourth Revision.
It has been intimated by the client that samples are obtained from dump kept at
site in size for utilization on roads as such design has to be worked out within frame works of
this keeping this aspect in view, all samples are sieved out and ascertained that requirement
of 25 mm thick SDBC would be met by the sample No. 1, Sample No. 2, Sample No. 3 &
Sample No. 4 (Cement as filler) with CRMB-55 Grade Bitumen.

ALL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF AGGREGATE AND BITUMEN ARE AS


FOLLOWS:GRAIN SIZE ANALYSIS: Coarse aggr. do not contain materials passing more
then 5% in
0.075 mm IS sieve.
INDIVIDUAL
GRADING
OF
I.S.
13.2
9.5 THE AGGREGATE:
4.75
2.36
1.18
.300
.075
Sieve
(mm)
Sample
1

100

90

25

Sample
2

100

100

60

35

18

Sample
3

100

100

100

100

99

64

18

Sample
4

100

100

100

100

100

90

75

FOLLOWING TESTS CONDUCTED ON RESULTANT MATERIALS OF


AGGREGATE
NAME OF TESTS

S.D.B.C.

1. Aggregate Impact value in P.C.

25.00

2. Combined Flakiness &


Elongation
Index P.C.

22.50

3. Water absorption in P.C.

0.625

4. Stripping value in P.C.

NIL i.e. 100% Coating

Specific gravity and Bulk Density of each sample :-

Sample No.

Specific Gravity

Bulk Density, Kg/m3

Sample 1

2.750

1555

Sample 2

2.745

1550

Sample 3

2.700

1725

Sample 4

2.312

Physical properties of Paving Grade Bitumen, PMB


and CRMB:Sl.No

Name of Test

CRMB

1.

Penetration value 100gm, 5 Sec,


250c, 1/100cm

42

2.

Ductility tests at 270 c in cm

30

3.

Softening point in 0C

57

4.

Elastic recovery of PMB at 150c

60

The results obtained satisfy the requirement the Grade of Bitumen is PMB 70 as per
I.S. code.

PROPORTIONING OF MIXTURE OF MIXTURE FOR 25 MM SEMI-DENSE BITUMINOUS CONCRETE

Aggregate are proportion in such a manner so that a maximum feasible uniform mixture complying with the
requirement of table 500-3 of MOSTS specification of Fourth Revision to obtained by the materials available at
site taking three Numbers/ of sample as Sample No.1, Sample No.2 Sample No.3 & Sample No.4 (Cement)
INDIVIDUAL GRADING AS WELL AS COMPOSITION OF AGGREGATE AS SHOWN BELOW:

I.S.
Siev
e
mm

P.C. by wt. of dry aggregate


passing in sieve
Sampl
e1

Sampl
e2

Sampl
e3

Sampl
e
4

Proportional P.C. of different


samples
Sampl
e
1

(Cemen
t)

Sampl
e
2

Sampl
e
3

Sampl
e
4

Combin
ed
Grading

Specificat
ion

(Cemen
t)

58%

20%

20%

13.2

100

100

100

100

58

20

20

100

100

9.5

90

100

100

100

52.2

20

20

94

90-100

4.75

25

60

100

100

14.5

12

20

49

35-51

2.36

35

100

100

4.65

7.0

20

34

24-39

1.18

18

99

100

3.48

3.6

19.8

29

15-30

.300

64

90

12.8

1.80

15

9-19

0.07
5

18

75

3.6

1.50

3-8

MAXIMUM THEORETICAL SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND MEASURED BULK DENSITY OF


COMPACTED MIX, ALONG WITH OTHER DATA AT DIFFERENT P.C. OF BINDER FOR
S.D.B.C
P.C. BINDER
ON TOTAL
MIX

SPECIFIC
GRAVITY
OF MIX

BULK
DENSITY
(GM / CC)

Stability
in Kg

Flow
in MM

VIM

VMA

VFB

4.727

4.513

2.545

2.316

1099

2.65

8.997

19.449

53.740

5.272

5.008

2.525

2.383

1210

3.00

5.586

17.520

68.116

5.818

5.498

2.505

2.384

1224

3.20

4.830

17.937

73.072

6.454

6.063

2.482

2.331

1071

3.50

6.083

20.215

69.908

P.C.
BINDER ON
DRY AGGR

OPTIMUM BINDER CONTENT IS DETERMINED FROM THE AVERAGE OF THE FOLLOWING DATA.
(I)Binder content at maximum stability
= 5.40
(II)Binder contact at maximum unit wt. of mix.
= 5.20
(III)Binder content at Minimum air voids
= 5.20
(IV)Optimum binder content on dry aggr.
= 5.60
(V) Optimum binder content on total mix
= 5.30
(VI) Maximum bulk density (gm/cc)
= 2.384
Following Test Results are obtained from optimum binder content and verified with Road & Bridge works
specification (Fourth Revision) :
Results Obtained

As per Specification

Stability in Kg.

1224

Min 1200 Kg

Flow in mm

3.20

2.5 4

VIM%

3.754

3-6

VMA%

16.389

Min 15

VFB%

77.094

65-78

Test

JOB MIX FORMULA FOR 25 MM THICK S.D.B.C. FOR 10M2 AREA


Qnty per 10 m2
=
10 x .025m3 =0.25m3
Weight
=
596 kg
=0.596 MT
COMPUTATION OF MATERIALS FOR 10M2 AREA OF 25 MM COMPACTED THICK
S.D.B.C.

Sample No.

P.C. of Each
Sample on
dry Aggr.

P.C. of Each
Sample on
Total Mix

Materials By
WT (Kg)

Materials By
Volume M3

Sample No.1

58%

44.93%

327.348

0.210

Sample No.2

20%

18.94%

112.878

0.072

Sample No.3

20%

18.94%

112.878

0.065

Sample No. 4
(Cement)

2%

11.287

11.287

CRMB-55

5.60

5.30%

31.606

31.606

Remarks

Most
4th
Revision

NOTE:- (a) All tables mentioned in the report relate to specification for Road & Bridge Works,
and also contract.
(b) All tests have been conducted according to relevant codes.
(c) manufacturing and rolling temperature would be according to table 500 5 of
specification for Road & Bridge works (Fourth Revision)
(d) Resultant mixture of dry obtained after proportioning in the lab., Have been
subjected to sieve analysis it is found designated sieves only to that of design
one.

STABILITY CHART OF 40 MM BC ANNEXURE 1


WT.
OF
BIND
ER
GM.

PC
BINDE
R ON
DRY
KG

PC
BIN
DER
ON
TOT
AL
MIX

WT. OF
SPECI
MEN
IN AIR
GM.

WT. OF
SPECIMEN
IN WATER,
GM.

VOLUM
E OF
SPECIM
EN CC

BULK
DENSITY
gm/cc

WT.SPECIM
EN NITH
WAX
COATID IN
AIR GM

SPECIF
IC
GRAVI
TY OF
MIX

5.272

5.00
0

1150

665

485

2.371

1152

670

482

2.390

2
58

STABILITY IN KG

5.818

5.49
8

673

482

2.396

1155

672

483

2.391

6.454

6.06
3

CORRE
CTED
STABILI
TY

DIAL
GAUG
E
READI
NG

IN M.M.

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

2.525

340

909

1.09

991

200

2.00

5.7
42

17.64
2

67.45
2

340

909

1.14

991

300

3.0

4.4
71

17.62
7

74.36
5

3.3
42

17.89
3

81.32
2

2.9
62

18.60
3

84.07
7

2.6
57

19.36
2

86.27
7

2.505

380

1016

1.14

1158

300

3.0

380

1016

1.09

1158

340

3.4

674

484

2.392

1160

679

481

2.411

2.483

7.000

6.54
2

1123

1.09

1224

360

3.6

430

1150

1.14

1310

350

3.5

AVERAGE = 1267

1158

672

486

2.382

1157

675

482

2.400

2.464

7.545

7.01
6

363

1.09

1049

370

3.7

390

1043

1.14

1189

340

3.4

AVERAGE = 1119

1158

670

488

2.372

1160

675

485

2.391

AVERAGE = 2.381

AV. =3.55

360

AVERAGE = 2.391

83

AV. = 3.2

420

AVERAGE = 2.400

77

AV. 2.50

AVERAGE = 1158

1158

VFB

CORR
ECTE
D
FACT
OR

AVERAGE = 2.393

71

VMA

IN KG

AVERAGE = 991

1155

VIM

DIAL
GAUG
E
READI
NG

AVERAGE = 2.380

64

FLOW IN MM

2.446

AV. =3.55

330

882

1.14

1006

390

3.9

330

882

1.14

1006

320

3.20

AVERAGE = 1006

AV. =4.0

BC
6

P.C. Binder on Max Stability

=5.82

P.C. Binder at 4% Void

=5.80

P.C. Binder at Maximum unit Wt.= 5.84

5
Air Void P.C

Optimum Binder on Dry Aggr.

=5.82

Optimum Binder on Total Mix

= 5.50

1250

1
1200

2.40

Stability, kg
2.39

Unit Wt., gm/cc

1150

2.38
5.2

5.8

6.4

7.0

7.5

5.2

Binder Content P.C

5.8

6.4

7.0

7.5

STABILITY CHART OF 25 MM SDBC ANNEXURE 1


WT.
OF
BIND
ER
GM.

PC
BINDER
ON DRY
KG

PC
BIND
ER
ON
TOTA
L MIX

WT. OF
SPECIM
EN
IN AIR
GM.

WT. OF
SPECIMEN IN
WATER, GM.

VOLUME
OF
SPECIME
N CC

BULK
DENSITY
gm/cc

WT.SPECIME
N NITH WAX
COATID IN
AIR GM

SPECIFI
C
GRAVIT
Y OF
MIX

52

4.727

4.51
3

1152

656

496

2.322

1151

653

498

2.311

STABILITY IN KG

5.272

5.00
8

666

485

2.383

1151

668

483

2.383

5.818

5.49
8

CORREC
TED
STABILIT
Y

DIAL
GAUGE
READIN
G

IN M.M.

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

2.545

390

1043

1.04

1085

250

2.5

8.9
97

19.449

53.740

400

1070

1.04

1112

280

2.8

5.5
86

17.520

68.116

4.8
30

17.937

73.072

6.0
83

20.215

69.908

2.524

430

1150

1.09

1253

2.90

2.9

400

1070

1.09

1166

3.10

3.1

675

488

2.383

1155

671

484

2.386

2.505

6.454

6.06
3

1177

1.09

1282

310

3.1

400

1070

1.09

1166

330

3.3

AVERAGE = 1224

1165

663

502

2.320

1160

666

495

2.343

AVERAGE = 2.331

AV. = 3.00

440

AVERAGE = 2.384

71

AV.2.65

AVERAGE = 1210

1163

VFB

CORRE
CTED
FACTO
R

AVERAGE = 2.383

64

VMA

IN KG

AVERAGE = 1099

1151

VIM

DIAL
GAUGE
READIN
G

AVERAGE = 2.316

58

FLOW IN MM

2.482

AV. =3.2

380

1016

1.04

1057

340

3.4

390

1043

1.04

1085

360

3.6

AVERAGE = 1071

AV. =3.50

SDBC
6

P.C. Binder on Max Stability

=5.40

P.C. Binder at 4% Void

=5.20

P.C. Binder at Maximum unit Wt.= 5.20

5
Air Void P.C

Optimum Binder on Dry Aggr.

=5.60

Optimum Binder on Total Mix

= 5.30

1250

1
1200

2.38

Stability, kg
2.37

Unit Wt., gm/cc

1100

2.36
4.7

5.2

5.8

6.4

4.7
Binder Content P.C

5.2

5.8

6.4