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Study & Design of

Patch Array Antenna


PRESENTED BY :M. Junaid Khan (FA12-BET-005)
M. Farhan Khan (FA12-BET-049)
M. Usman Javaid (SP10-BET-110)

Under the kind guidance of ,


Sir. Bilal Tariq Malik

Introduction
O Need of Antenna

O Progress

of
Communication
system

AIM

&

OBJECTIVES

O To study Micro-strip Patch Antenna.

O To design and implement this

antenna using the software HFSS, v


13.2 .

How does an antenna work ?


Antenna

is one type of
transducer that converts the
electrical energy into the
electro-magnetic energy in
form of electromagnetic waves.

Antennas

are required
by any radio receiver or
transmitter to couple its
electrical connection to
the
electromagnetic
field.

Antenna characteristics :Power gain


Directivity
Antenna

radiation patterns
Polarization

Overview of microstrip Antenna


O Developed after revolution in

Electronic Circuit Miniaturization & LSI


in 1970.
O Used on rockets & missiles previously.
O Wireless local area networks (WLAN)

Micro-strip Patch Antenna


What is Micro-strip Antenna ?

A Micro-strip patch antenna


consists of a radiating patch
on one side of a dielectric
substrate which has a ground
plane on the other side.

Invented by Bob Munson


in 1972 (but earlier work
by Dechamps goes back
to1953).

Different Parameters of Microstrip Antenna


OL = Length of the Micro-

strip Patch Element

OW = Width of the Micro-

strip Patch Element

Ot= Thickness of Patch


Oh = Height of the Dielectric

Substrate.

Basic Principles of Operation


The patch acts approximately

as a resonant cavity (short


circuit walls on top and
bottom, open-circuit walls on
the sides).
In a cavity, only certain
modes are allowed to exist, at
different resonant frequencies.
If the antenna is excited at a
resonant frequency, a strong
field is set up inside the
cavity, and a strong current on
the (bottom) surface of the
patch. This produces
significant radiation (a good
antenna).

Different Shapes of Micro-strip Patch


Elements

Advantages of Micro-strip Patch


Antenna
Light weight and low volume.
Low profile planar configuration which can be easily made

conformal to host surface.


Low fabrication cost, hence can be manufactured in large
quantities.
Supports both, linear as well as circular polarization.
Can be easily integrated with microwave integrated circuits
(MICs).
Capable of dual and triple frequency operations.

Disadvantages:Narrow bandwidth
Low efficiency
Low Gain
Extraneous radiation from feeds and junctions
Low power handling capacity.
Surface wave excitation.

The Maths
http://www.finetune.co.jp/~lyuka/technote/ustrip/

PATCH ANTENNA
COVERED BY AIRBOX

Model

Wave Port

DETERMINATION OF CENTER
FREQUENCY USING S-PARAMETER:-

Input Impedance

2D Gain

3D Gain

CONCLUSION
OThe design of patch antenna

using ANSOFT HFSS Software


has been shown here. Our
project on Design of Microstrip
Antenna which is based on
Microstrip
Feed
Line
Technique.
OMany more design options and
impletation techniques are
available.

REFERENCES: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microstrip_antenn

a
http://www.microwaves101.com/encyclopedia/
antenna_ustrip.cfm
C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory, Analysis and
Design, JOHN WILEY & SONS,INC, New York
1997.