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Transportation Engineering

Transportation

Engineering

Transportation Engineering  Role of Transportation in National  Transportation Ways. Development.  Surface Transportation and
Transportation Engineering  Role of Transportation in National  Transportation Ways. Development.  Surface Transportation and
Transportation Engineering  Role of Transportation in National  Transportation Ways. Development.  Surface Transportation and
Transportation Engineering  Role of Transportation in National  Transportation Ways. Development.  Surface Transportation and
Transportation Engineering  Role of Transportation in National  Transportation Ways. Development.  Surface Transportation and
 Role of Transportation in National  Transportation Ways.

Role of Transportation in National

Transportation Ways.

Development.

Development.

Transportation Engineering  Role of Transportation in National  Transportation Ways. Development.  Surface Transportation and
Transportation Engineering  Role of Transportation in National  Transportation Ways. Development.  Surface Transportation and
 Surface Transportation and Aviation.

Surface Transportation and Aviation.

 BOT Projects for Highways.

BOT Projects for Highways.

 BOOT Projects for Highways.

BOOT Projects for Highways.

Transportation Engineering  Role of Transportation in National  Transportation Ways. Development.  Surface Transportation and
 Elements of Traffic Engineering and Traffic

Elements of Traffic Engineering and Traffic

Control.

Control.

Transportation Engineering  Role of Transportation in National  Transportation Ways. Development.  Surface Transportation and
Transportation Engineering  Role of Transportation in National  Transportation Ways. Development.  Surface Transportation and
What Is Transportation Engineering?

What Is Transportation

Engineering?

What Is Transportation Engineering? Transportation engineering is the application comprising transportation: its vehicles, its of the
What Is Transportation Engineering? Transportation engineering is the application comprising transportation: its vehicles, its of the
What Is Transportation Engineering? Transportation engineering is the application comprising transportation: its vehicles, its of the
What Is Transportation Engineering? Transportation engineering is the application comprising transportation: its vehicles, its of the
Transportation engineering is the application comprising transportation: its vehicles, its

Transportation engineering is the application

comprising transportation: its vehicles, its

of the principles of engineering, planning,

of the principles of engineering, planning,

analysis, and design to the disciplines

analysis, and design to the disciplines

What Is Transportation Engineering? Transportation engineering is the application comprising transportation: its vehicles, its of the
What Is Transportation Engineering? Transportation engineering is the application comprising transportation: its vehicles, its of the
physical infrastructure, safety in travel,

physical infrastructure, safety in travel,

environmental impacts, and energy usage.

environmental impacts, and energy usage.

What Is Transportation Engineering? Transportation engineering is the application comprising transportation: its vehicles, its of the
What Is Transportation Engineering? Transportation engineering is the application comprising transportation: its vehicles, its of the
It involves “hard” physical sciences and

It involves “hard” physical sciences and

“soft” sciences

“soft” sciences

What Is Transportation Engineering? Transportation engineering is the application comprising transportation: its vehicles, its of the
What Is Transportation Engineering? Transportation engineering is the application comprising transportation: its vehicles, its of the
Role of Transportation in National Development

Role of Transportation in National

Development

Role of Transportation in National Development  Economic growth  Place utility of goods  Time
Role of Transportation in National Development  Economic growth  Place utility of goods  Time
Role of Transportation in National Development  Economic growth  Place utility of goods  Time
Role of Transportation in National Development  Economic growth  Place utility of goods  Time
 Economic growth

Economic growth

 Place utility of goods

Place utility of goods

 Time utility of goods

Time utility of goods

 Preservation of quality of goods

Preservation of quality of goods

 Mass production

Mass production

 Exploitation of natural resources

Exploitation of natural resources

 Urbanization

Urbanization

 Industrial development

Industrial development

 Agricultural development

Agricultural development

 Costs of goods

Costs of goods

 Defense and strategic needs

Defense and strategic needs

 Transport facilities and social activities

Transport facilities and social activities

Role of Transportation in National Development  Economic growth  Place utility of goods  Time
Transportation Ways • Railways –Surface – Underground –Elevated – Light rail transit (LRT) • Road Transport
Transportation Ways

Transportation Ways

Transportation Ways • Railways –Surface – Underground –Elevated – Light rail transit (LRT) • Road Transport
Transportation Ways • Railways –Surface – Underground –Elevated – Light rail transit (LRT) • Road Transport
Transportation Ways • Railways –Surface – Underground –Elevated – Light rail transit (LRT) • Road Transport
• Railways

• Railways

–Surface

–Surface

Transportation Ways • Railways –Surface – Underground –Elevated – Light rail transit (LRT) • Road Transport
– Underground

– Underground

Transportation Ways • Railways –Surface – Underground –Elevated – Light rail transit (LRT) • Road Transport
–Elevated

–Elevated

– Light rail transit (LRT)

– Light rail transit (LRT)

Transportation Ways • Railways –Surface – Underground –Elevated – Light rail transit (LRT) • Road Transport
• Road Transport

• Road Transport

• Air Transport

• Air Transport

Transportation Ways • Railways –Surface – Underground –Elevated – Light rail transit (LRT) • Road Transport
• Water Transport

• Water Transport

Transportation Ways • Railways –Surface – Underground –Elevated – Light rail transit (LRT) • Road Transport
Surface Transportation and Aviation TYPES OF SURFACE LAND WATER AIR ROADWAYS RAILWAYS WATERWAYS AIRWAYS
Surface Transportation and
Aviation
TYPES OF SURFACE
LAND
WATER
AIR
ROADWAYS
RAILWAYS
WATERWAYS
AIRWAYS

ROADWAYS

CLASSIFICATION OF

ROADS

• NATIONAL HIGHWAY (NH) • STATE HIGHWAY (SH) • MAJOR DISTRICT ROAD (MDR) • OTHER DISTRICT ROAD (ODR) • VILLAGE ROAD (VR)

BASED ON CARRIAGE WAY

  • - PAVED ROADS

  • - UNPAVED ROADS

ROADWAYS  CLASSIFICATION OF ROADS • NATIONAL HIGHWAY (NH) • STATE HIGHWAY (SH) • MAJOR DISTRICT
 BASED ON PAVEMENT

BASED ON PAVEMENT

- SURFACE ROADS
  • - SURFACE ROADS

- UNSURFACED ROADS
- UNSURFACED ROADS
  • - UNSURFACED ROADS

 BASED ON PAVEMENT - SURFACE ROADS - UNSURFACED ROADS  AS PER USABILITY - ALL
 AS PER USABILITY

AS PER USABILITY

- ALL WEATHER ROADS
  • - ALL WEATHER ROADS

- FAIR WEATHER ROADS
- FAIR WEATHER ROADS
  • - FAIR WEATHER ROADS

 URBAN ROADS

URBAN ROADS

- ARTERIAL ROADS
  • - ARTERIAL ROADS

- SUB-ARTERIAL ROADS
  • - SUB-ARTERIAL ROADS

- COLLECTOR STREETS
- COLLECTOR STREETS
  • - COLLECTOR STREETS

- LOCAL STREETS
  • - LOCAL STREETS

 BASED ON PAVEMENT - SURFACE ROADS - UNSURFACED ROADS  AS PER USABILITY - ALL
 BASED ON PAVEMENT - SURFACE ROADS - UNSURFACED ROADS  AS PER USABILITY - ALL
 BASED ON PAVEMENT - SURFACE ROADS - UNSURFACED ROADS  AS PER USABILITY - ALL
 BASED ON PAVEMENT - SURFACE ROADS - UNSURFACED ROADS  AS PER USABILITY - ALL
 BASED ON PAVEMENT - SURFACE ROADS - UNSURFACED ROADS  AS PER USABILITY - ALL
 BASED ON PAVEMENT - SURFACE ROADS - UNSURFACED ROADS  AS PER USABILITY - ALL
 BASED ON PAVEMENT - SURFACE ROADS - UNSURFACED ROADS  AS PER USABILITY - ALL

GEOMETRIC ELEMENTS OF A ROAD

• CAMBER (CROSS SLOPE) • CARRIAGEWAY WIDTH

• SHOULDER

• KERB

• WIDTH OF ROADWAY •

RIGHT OF WAY • SLIGHT DISTANCE • HORIZONTAL CURVE • SUPERELEVATION • GRADIENT • VERTICAL CURVE • ALIGNMENT

GEOMETRIC ELEMENTS OF A ROAD • CAMBER (CROSS SLOPE) • CARRIAGEWAY WIDTH • SHOULDER • KERB

ADVANTAGES OF ROADWAYS

~

DISADVANTAGES OF ROADWAYS

MAXIMUM

FLEXIBILITY

GOODS

CARRYING

 

FOR

TRAVEL

 

CAPACITY IS

LOW

IT PERMITS ANY MOAD OF ROAD VEHICAL

SPEED IS LOW COMPARE TO AIR AND WATERWAY

 

IT PROVIDES DOOR-

LESS COMFORT AND

TO-

SAFE

 

DOOR SERVICE

IT SAVES TIME FOR

UNECONOMICAL FOR

SHORT DISTANCE

LONG DISTANCE

CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTAINANCE COST IS

NUMBER OF ROAD ACCIDENT IS HIGH

RAILWAYS  CATAGORIES OF RAILWAY 1. TRUCK ROUTES 2. MAIN LINE 3. BRANCH LINE  TYPES
RAILWAYS

RAILWAYS

RAILWAYS  CATAGORIES OF RAILWAY 1. TRUCK ROUTES 2. MAIN LINE 3. BRANCH LINE  TYPES
RAILWAYS  CATAGORIES OF RAILWAY 1. TRUCK ROUTES 2. MAIN LINE 3. BRANCH LINE  TYPES
RAILWAYS  CATAGORIES OF RAILWAY 1. TRUCK ROUTES 2. MAIN LINE 3. BRANCH LINE  TYPES
 CATAGORIES OF RAILWAY

CATAGORIES OF RAILWAY

1. TRUCK ROUTES

1. TRUCK ROUTES

2. MAIN LINE
  • 2. MAIN LINE

3. BRANCH LINE
3. BRANCH LINE
  • 3. BRANCH LINE

 TYPES OF RAILWAY

TYPES OF RAILWAY

1. SURFACE
  • 1. SURFACE

2. UNDERGROUND
  • 2. UNDERGROUND

3. ELEVATED
3. ELEVATED
  • 3. ELEVATED

 TYPES OF LOCOMOTIVES

TYPES OF LOCOMOTIVES

1. DIESEL

1. DIESEL

2. ELECTRIC

2. ELECTRIC

 TYPES OF GAUGE

TYPES OF GAUGE

1. BROAD GAUGE : 1.676 m
  • 1. BROAD GAUGE : 1.676 m

 
2. METRE GAUGE : 1.0 m
2. METRE GAUGE : 1.0 m
  • 2. METRE GAUGE : 1.0 m

3. NARROW GAUGE : 0.762 m
  • 3. NARROW GAUGE

:

0.762

m

 TYPES OF RAIL

TYPES OF RAIL

1. DOUBLE HEADED RAIL
  • 1. DOUBLE HEADED RAIL

 
2. BULL HEADED RAIL
  • 2. BULL HEADED RAIL

 
3. FLAT-FOOTED RAIL
  • 3. FLAT-FOOTED RAIL

 TYPES OF SLEEPER

TYPES OF SLEEPER

1. WOODEN
  • 1. WOODEN

2. METAL
  • 2. METAL

(i) CAST IRON

(i) CAST IRON

(ii) STEEL

(ii) STEEL

3. CONCRETE
  • 3. CONCRETE

(i) RAINFORCED CONCRETE

(i) RAINFORCED CONCRETE

(ii) PRESRESSED CONCRETE
(ii) PRESRESSED CONCRETE

(ii) PRESRESSED CONCRETE

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES

ADVANTAGES OF

DISADVANTAGES

RAILWAYS OF RAILWAYS

RAILWAYS

OF RAILWAYS

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES RAILWAYS OF RAILWAYS  GOODS CARRYING  IT IS NOT FLEXIBLE. CAPACITY IS
 GOODS CARRYING  IT IS NOT FLEXIBLE.

GOODS

CARRYING

IT IS

NOT

FLEXIBLE.

CAPACITY IS HIGH
 

CAPACITY

IS

HIGH

 
 SPEED IS HIGH  IT DEPENDENT ON

SPEED IS HIGH

 

IT DEPENDENT ON

COMPARE ROADWAY

COMPARE

ROADWAY

TO ROADWAYS

TO ROADWAYS

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES RAILWAYS OF RAILWAYS  GOODS CARRYING  IT IS NOT FLEXIBLE. CAPACITY IS
 

CHEAPER THEN

 

TRAIN RUNS AS PER

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES RAILWAYS OF RAILWAYS  GOODS CARRYING  IT IS NOT FLEXIBLE. CAPACITY IS
AIRWAYS SCHEDULES

AIRWAYS

SCHEDULES

 COMFORTABLE FOR  MAINTAINANCE COST

COMFORTABLE FOR

MAINTAINANCE COST

LONG DISTANCE IS
 

LONG DISTANCE

IS

TRAVEL HIGH

TRAVEL

 

HIGH

 IT INCRESES TRADE,  IT PERMITS DEFINITE

IT INCRESES TRADE,

IT PERMITS DEFINITE

COMMERS AND MODE OF TRANSPORT

COMMERS AND

MODE OF TRANSPORT

BUSINESS

BUSINESS

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES RAILWAYS OF RAILWAYS  GOODS CARRYING  IT IS NOT FLEXIBLE. CAPACITY IS
 
 
WATERWAYES  TYPES OF HARBOUR 1. NATURAL HARBOUR 2. SEMINATURAL HARBOUR 3. ARTIFICIAL HARBOUR  TYPES
WATERWAYES

WATERWAYES

WATERWAYES  TYPES OF HARBOUR 1. NATURAL HARBOUR 2. SEMINATURAL HARBOUR 3. ARTIFICIAL HARBOUR  TYPES
WATERWAYES  TYPES OF HARBOUR 1. NATURAL HARBOUR 2. SEMINATURAL HARBOUR 3. ARTIFICIAL HARBOUR  TYPES
WATERWAYES  TYPES OF HARBOUR 1. NATURAL HARBOUR 2. SEMINATURAL HARBOUR 3. ARTIFICIAL HARBOUR  TYPES
 TYPES OF HARBOUR

TYPES OF HARBOUR

1. NATURAL HARBOUR
  • 1. NATURAL HARBOUR

2. SEMINATURAL HARBOUR
  • 2. SEMINATURAL HARBOUR

3. ARTIFICIAL HARBOUR
  • 3. ARTIFICIAL HARBOUR

 TYPES OF PORTS 1. MAJOR 2. INTERMEDIATE
 TYPES OF PORTS 1. MAJOR 2. INTERMEDIATE
 TYPES OF PORTS 1. MAJOR 2. INTERMEDIATE
 TYPES OF PORTS 1. MAJOR 2. INTERMEDIATE

TYPES OF PORTS

  • 1. MAJOR

  • 2. INTERMEDIATE

3. MINOR
  • 3. MINOR

3. MINOR
 TYPES OF DOCKS

TYPES OF DOCKS

1. WET DOCK
  • 1. WET DOCK

2. DRY DOCK
  • 2. DRY DOCK

WATERWAYES  TYPES OF HARBOUR 1. NATURAL HARBOUR 2. SEMINATURAL HARBOUR 3. ARTIFICIAL HARBOUR  TYPES
ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES

ADVANTAGES OF

DISADVANTAGES

WATERWAYS OF WATERWAYS

WATERWAYS

OF WATERWAYS

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES WATERWAYS OF WATERWAYS  NO NEED OF  IT IS SLOW CONSTRUTING TRACKS
 NO NEED OF  IT IS SLOW

NO

NEED

OF

IT

IS

SLOW

CONSTRUTING TRACKS
 

CONSTRUTING TRACKS

 
ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES WATERWAYS OF WATERWAYS  NO NEED OF  IT IS SLOW CONSTRUTING TRACKS
 

IT REQUIRES CHEAP

STROMS CAN CAUSE

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES WATERWAYS OF WATERWAYS  NO NEED OF  IT IS SLOW CONSTRUTING TRACKS
MOTIVE POWER GREAT LOSS

MOTIVE POWER

GREAT LOSS

 CHEAPEST MODE OF  IT IS USEFUL ALONG

CHEAPEST MODE OF

IT IS USEFUL ALONG

TRANSPORTATION PARTICULAR ROUTES

TRANSPORTATION

PARTICULAR ROUTES

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES WATERWAYS OF WATERWAYS  NO NEED OF  IT IS SLOW CONSTRUTING TRACKS
 IT PROVIDES  MAINTAINANCE COST

IT PROVIDES

 

MAINTAINANCE COST

EFFICIENT IS

EFFICIENT

IS

MODE OF DEFENCE HIGH
 

MODE OF DEFENCE

HIGH

 IT HELPS IN GROWTH  IT HAS LIMITED

IT HELPS IN GROWTH

IT HAS LIMITED

OF CONNECTIVITY

OF

CONNECTIVITY

INDUSTRIES

INDUSTRIES

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES WATERWAYS OF WATERWAYS  NO NEED OF  IT IS SLOW CONSTRUTING TRACKS
 
AIRWAYS  TYPES OF AIRPORTS 1. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 2. DOMESTIC AIRPORT 3. MILITARY AERODROMES  TYPES
AIRWAYS

AIRWAYS

AIRWAYS  TYPES OF AIRPORTS 1. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 2. DOMESTIC AIRPORT 3. MILITARY AERODROMES  TYPES
AIRWAYS  TYPES OF AIRPORTS 1. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 2. DOMESTIC AIRPORT 3. MILITARY AERODROMES  TYPES
AIRWAYS  TYPES OF AIRPORTS 1. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 2. DOMESTIC AIRPORT 3. MILITARY AERODROMES  TYPES
 TYPES OF AIRPORTS

TYPES OF AIRPORTS

1. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
  • 1. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

AIRWAYS  TYPES OF AIRPORTS 1. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 2. DOMESTIC AIRPORT 3. MILITARY AERODROMES  TYPES
2. DOMESTIC AIRPORT 3. MILITARY AERODROMES
2. DOMESTIC AIRPORT 3. MILITARY AERODROMES

2. DOMESTIC AIRPORT

  • 3. MILITARY AERODROMES

 TYPES OF AIR FIELD

TYPES OF AIR FIELD

1. FLEXIBLE (BITUMINOUS)
  • 1. FLEXIBLE (BITUMINOUS)

2. RIGID (CEMENT CONCRETE)
2. RIGID (CEMENT CONCRETE)

2. RIGID (CEMENT CONCRETE)

AIRWAYS  TYPES OF AIRPORTS 1. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 2. DOMESTIC AIRPORT 3. MILITARY AERODROMES  TYPES
AIRWAYS  TYPES OF AIRPORTS 1. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 2. DOMESTIC AIRPORT 3. MILITARY AERODROMES  TYPES
AIRWAYS  TYPES OF AIRPORTS 1. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 2. DOMESTIC AIRPORT 3. MILITARY AERODROMES  TYPES
AIRWAYS  TYPES OF AIRPORTS 1. INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 2. DOMESTIC AIRPORT 3. MILITARY AERODROMES  TYPES
ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES

ADVANTAGES OF

DISADVANTAGES

AIRWAYS OF AIRWAYS

AIRWAYS

OF AIRWAYS

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES AIRWAYS OF AIRWAYS  IT DOESNOT REQUIRE  IT IS MOST EXPENSIVE A
 IT DOESNOT REQUIRE  IT IS MOST EXPENSIVE

IT

DOESNOT

REQUIRE

IT IS

MOST

EXPENSIVE

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES AIRWAYS OF AIRWAYS  IT DOESNOT REQUIRE  IT IS MOST EXPENSIVE A
   

A

TRACKS
 

TRACKS

 
ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES AIRWAYS OF AIRWAYS  IT DOESNOT REQUIRE  IT IS MOST EXPENSIVE A
 

IT IS USEFUL IN

CONSTRUCTION COST

HIGH FOR AIRPORTS

MILITARY ACTIVITIES IS

MILITARY ACTIVITIES

IS

AND
AND

AND

AIRCRAFTS
 

AIRCRAFTS

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES AIRWAYS OF AIRWAYS  IT DOESNOT REQUIRE  IT IS MOST EXPENSIVE A
 FASTEST MODE OF  FUEL CONSUMPTION IS

FASTEST MODE OF

FUEL CONSUMPTION IS

TRANSPORTATION HIGH
 

TRANSPORTATION

HIGH

 IT IS A POWERFUL  MAINTAINANCE COST

IT IS A POWERFUL

MAINTAINANCE COST

MEAN IS

MEAN

IS

OF ATTACK HIGH FOR AIRCRAFTS
OF ATTACK HIGH FOR AIRCRAFTS

OF ATTACK

HIGH FOR AIRCRAFTS

 
BOT Projects for Highways  BOT = BUIL-OPERATE-TRANSFER - TOLL BASED - ANNUITY BASED BOOT Projects
BOT Projects for Highways

BOT Projects for Highways

BOT Projects for Highways  BOT = BUIL-OPERATE-TRANSFER - TOLL BASED - ANNUITY BASED BOOT Projects
BOT Projects for Highways  BOT = BUIL-OPERATE-TRANSFER - TOLL BASED - ANNUITY BASED BOOT Projects
BOT Projects for Highways  BOT = BUIL-OPERATE-TRANSFER - TOLL BASED - ANNUITY BASED BOOT Projects
 BOT = BUIL-OPERATE-TRANSFER

BOT = BUIL-OPERATE-TRANSFER

- TOLL BASED
  • - TOLL BASED

- ANNUITY BASED
  • - ANNUITY BASED

BOT Projects for Highways  BOT = BUIL-OPERATE-TRANSFER - TOLL BASED - ANNUITY BASED BOOT Projects
BOT Projects for Highways  BOT = BUIL-OPERATE-TRANSFER - TOLL BASED - ANNUITY BASED BOOT Projects
BOOT Projects for Highways

BOOT Projects for Highways

BOT Projects for Highways  BOT = BUIL-OPERATE-TRANSFER - TOLL BASED - ANNUITY BASED BOOT Projects
 BOOT = BUILD-OWN-OPRATE-TRANSFER

BOOT = BUILD-OWN-OPRATE-TRANSFER

BOT Projects for Highways  BOT = BUIL-OPERATE-TRANSFER - TOLL BASED - ANNUITY BASED BOOT Projects
BOT Projects for Highways  BOT = BUIL-OPERATE-TRANSFER - TOLL BASED - ANNUITY BASED BOOT Projects
BOT Projects for Highways  BOT = BUIL-OPERATE-TRANSFER - TOLL BASED - ANNUITY BASED BOOT Projects
BOT Projects for Highways  BOT = BUIL-OPERATE-TRANSFER - TOLL BASED - ANNUITY BASED BOOT Projects
BOT Projects for Highways  BOT = BUIL-OPERATE-TRANSFER - TOLL BASED - ANNUITY BASED BOOT Projects
ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES

ADVANTAGES OF

DISADVANTAGES

BOT OF BOT

BOT

OF BOT

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES BOT OF BOT  GOODS QUALITY OF  ROAD USERS HAVE TO ROAD
 GOODS QUALITY OF  ROAD USERS HAVE TO

GOODS

QUALITY OF

ROAD

USERS

HAVE TO

ROAD IS MAINTAINED PAY TOLL

ROAD

IS

MAINTAINED

PAY

TOLL

 
ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES BOT OF BOT  GOODS QUALITY OF  ROAD USERS HAVE TO ROAD
   

CONSTRUCTION

PUMPS AND

 
PERIOD IS LESS RESTPLACE ARE

PERIOD IS LESS

RESTPLACE ARE

LOCATED AT FIX

LOCATED AT FIX

DISTINATION
 

DISTINATION

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES BOT OF BOT  GOODS QUALITY OF  ROAD USERS HAVE TO ROAD
   
 THERE IS NO  NO PARKING AREA

THERE IS NO

NO PARKING AREA

CONGESTION

CONGESTION

 TRAVEL TIME IS LESS  CONSTRUCTION COST

TRAVEL TIME IS LESS

CONSTRUCTION COST

IS HIGH

IS HIGH

ADVANTAGES OF DISADVANTAGES BOT OF BOT  GOODS QUALITY OF  ROAD USERS HAVE TO ROAD
   
 COLLISION WITH  PVT. COMPANY MAY

COLLISION WITH

PVT. COMPANY MAY

OTHER TRAFFIC IS LESS NOT MAINTAIN ROAD IN

OTHER TRAFFIC IS LESS

NOT MAINTAIN ROAD IN

FUTURE

FUTURE

ADVANTAGES OF BOOT DISADVANTAGES OF BOOT

ADVANTAGES OF BOOT

DISADVANTAGES OF BOOT

ADVANTAGES OF BOOT DISADVANTAGES OF BOOT  RISK IS SHARED WITH  IT CAN BE PRIVATE
   
 RISK IS SHARED WITH  IT CAN BE

RISK IS SHARED WITH

IT CAN BE

 
PRIVATE SECTOR TRANSFERRED

PRIVATE

SECTOR

TRANSFERRED

TO PUBLIC SECTOR
 

TO

PUBLIC

SECTOR

DURING CONST

DURING CONST

RUCTION

RUCTION

 
 IT MAXIMIZE CAPITAL  PUBLIC SECTOR LOSES

IT MAXIMIZE CAPITAL

PUBLIC SECTOR LOSES

COST ALLOWANCE CONSTRYCTION OVER

COST ALLOWANCE

CONSTRYCTION OVER

ADVANTAGES OF BOOT DISADVANTAGES OF BOOT  RISK IS SHARED WITH  IT CAN BE PRIVATE
CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION
CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION
CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION
CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION
 

CAPITAL

CONSTRUCTION

COST SAVING AS PER

PRIVATE SECTOR CAN

THE COMPANY DETERMINE THE TOLL

THE COMPANY

DETERMINE THE TOLL

ADVANTAGES OF BOOT DISADVANTAGES OF BOOT  RISK IS SHARED WITH  IT CAN BE PRIVATE
TAX

TAX

ADVANTAGES OF BOOT DISADVANTAGES OF BOOT  RISK IS SHARED WITH  IT CAN BE PRIVATE
Elements of Traffic

Elements of Traffic

Engineering and Traffic

Engineering and Traffic

Control

Control

Elements of Traffic Engineering and Traffic Control  TRAFIC SURVEY 1. TRAFFIC VOLUME STUDY 2. SPOT
Elements of Traffic Engineering and Traffic Control  TRAFIC SURVEY 1. TRAFFIC VOLUME STUDY 2. SPOT
 TRAFIC SURVEY

TRAFIC SURVEY

1. TRAFFIC VOLUME STUDY
  • 1. TRAFFIC VOLUME STUDY

Elements of Traffic Engineering and Traffic Control  TRAFIC SURVEY 1. TRAFFIC VOLUME STUDY 2. SPOT
2. SPOT SPEED SURVEY 3. SPEED AND DELAY STUDY
2. SPOT SPEED SURVEY 3. SPEED AND DELAY STUDY
  • 2. SPOT SPEED SURVEY

  • 3. SPEED AND DELAY STUDY

4. ORIGIN AND DESTINATION (O-D) SURVEY
  • 4. ORIGIN AND DESTINATION (O-D) SURVEY

Elements of Traffic Engineering and Traffic Control  TRAFIC SURVEY 1. TRAFFIC VOLUME STUDY 2. SPOT
Elements of Traffic Engineering and Traffic Control  TRAFIC SURVEY 1. TRAFFIC VOLUME STUDY 2. SPOT
5.TRAFFIC FLOW STUDY 6.TRAFFIC VAPACITY STUDY 7. PARKING SURVEY
5.TRAFFIC FLOW STUDY 6.TRAFFIC VAPACITY STUDY 7. PARKING SURVEY

5.TRAFFIC FLOW STUDY 6.TRAFFIC VAPACITY STUDY

  • 7. PARKING SURVEY

8. ACCIDENT SURVEY
  • 8. ACCIDENT SURVEY

Elements of Traffic Engineering and Traffic Control  TRAFIC SURVEY 1. TRAFFIC VOLUME STUDY 2. SPOT
Elements of Traffic Engineering and Traffic Control  TRAFIC SURVEY 1. TRAFFIC VOLUME STUDY 2. SPOT
TRAFFIC REGULATORY

TRAFFIC REGULATORY

TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
SIGNS

SIGNS

TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC REGULATORY SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS

TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS

TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
TRAFFIC WARNING SIGNS
DESTINATION SIGNS AND SIGNAL
DESTINATION SIGNS AND
SIGNAL
TRAFFIC INTERSECTION SIGNS
TRAFFIC INTERSECTION
SIGNS
Questions…
Questions…

Questions…

Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
Questions…
or Taxi Transit Walking Stop Automobile Home Origin Airport Departure Airplane Airport Arrival Destination Hotel Walking
or Taxi Transit Walking Stop Automobile Home Origin Airport Departure Airplane Airport Arrival Destination Hotel Walking
or Taxi Transit Walking Stop Automobile Home Origin Airport Departure Airplane Airport Arrival Destination Hotel Walking
or Taxi Transit Walking Stop Automobile Home Origin Airport Departure Airplane Airport Arrival Destination Hotel Walking
or Taxi Transit Walking Stop Automobile Home Origin Airport Departure Airplane Airport Arrival Destination Hotel Walking
or Taxi
or Taxi

Transit

or Taxi Transit Walking Stop Automobile Home Origin Airport Departure Airplane Airport Arrival Destination Hotel Walking

Walking

or Taxi Transit Walking Stop Automobile Home Origin Airport Departure Airplane Airport Arrival Destination Hotel Walking
Stop
Stop

Automobile

Home

Origin

Airport

Departure

Airplane
Airplane

Airport

Arrival

Destination
Destination

Hotel

or Taxi Transit Walking Stop Automobile Home Origin Airport Departure Airplane Airport Arrival Destination Hotel Walking

Walking

or Taxi Transit Walking Stop Automobile Home Origin Airport Departure Airplane Airport Arrival Destination Hotel Walking

Bus Stop

or Taxi Transit Walking Stop Automobile Home Origin Airport Departure Airplane Airport Arrival Destination Hotel Walking

Bus to Hotel

Modes of Transport

Modes of Transport

 
Modes of Transport • Railways – Surface – Underground – Elevated – Light rail transit (LRT)
Modes of Transport • Railways – Surface – Underground – Elevated – Light rail transit (LRT)
Modes of Transport • Railways – Surface – Underground – Elevated – Light rail transit (LRT)
• Railways

Railways

– Surface
– Surface

– Surface

– Underground

– Underground

– Elevated

– Elevated

– Light rail transit (LRT)

– Light rail transit (LRT)

• Road Transport
• Road Transport

• Road Transport

 
• Air Transport

• Air Transport

• Water Transport

• Water Transport

Modes of Transport • Railways – Surface – Underground – Elevated – Light rail transit (LRT)
• Pipelines
 

• Pipelines

Modes of Transport • Railways – Surface – Underground – Elevated – Light rail transit (LRT)
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 28

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

28

Transport Modes Characteristics • Speed • Safety • Adequacy • Frequency • Regularity • Integration •
 
Transport Modes Characteristics

Transport Modes Characteristics

Transport Modes Characteristics • Speed • Safety • Adequacy • Frequency • Regularity • Integration •
Transport Modes Characteristics • Speed • Safety • Adequacy • Frequency • Regularity • Integration •
• Speed

Speed

• Safety

Safety

• Adequacy
• Adequacy

Adequacy

• Frequency

Frequency

• Regularity

Regularity

• Integration

Integration

• Cost • • Responsibilities Cheapness
• Cost • • Responsibilities Cheapness
• Cost • • Responsibilities Cheapness
• Cost • • Responsibilities Cheapness

• Cost •

• Responsibilities

Cheapness

• Fuel efficiency

Fuel efficiency

Transport Modes Characteristics • Speed • Safety • Adequacy • Frequency • Regularity • Integration •
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 29

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

29

Transport modes in India

Transport modes in India

 
Transport modes in India • Railways : – 62500 km, Passengers- 300 bpk/year (20% of total
Transport modes in India • Railways : – 62500 km, Passengers- 300 bpk/year (20% of total
Transport modes in India • Railways : – 62500 km, Passengers- 300 bpk/year (20% of total
• Railways :

Railways :

– 62500 km, Passengers- 300 bpk/year (20% of total traffic)
– 62500 km, Passengers- 300 bpk/year (20% of total traffic)

– 62500 km, Passengers- 300 bpk/year (20% of total traffic)

Transport modes in India • Railways : – 62500 km, Passengers- 300 bpk/year (20% of total
– Freight traffic- 257 bt/year (40% of total traffic)

– Freight traffic- 257 bt/year (40% of total traffic)

Transport modes in India • Railways : – 62500 km, Passengers- 300 bpk/year (20% of total
Transport modes in India • Railways : – 62500 km, Passengers- 300 bpk/year (20% of total
• Road Transport

• Road Transport

 
– 3 million km

– 3 million km

Transport modes in India • Railways : – 62500 km, Passengers- 300 bpk/year (20% of total
– National Highways: 66900 km

– National Highways: 66900 km

– Total vehicles- 67 million and growth rate of 10%

– Total vehicles- 67 million and growth rate of 10%

Transport modes in India • Railways : – 62500 km, Passengers- 300 bpk/year (20% of total
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 30

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

30

Transport modes in India…

Transport modes in India…

 
Transport modes in India… • Air India and Indian airlines, other private airlines – 7.1 million
Transport modes in India… • Air India and Indian airlines, other private airlines – 7.1 million
Transport modes in India… • Air India and Indian airlines, other private airlines – 7.1 million
Transport modes in India… • Air India and Indian airlines, other private airlines – 7.1 million
• Air India and Indian airlines, other private

• Air India and Indian airlines, other private

airlines

airlines

Transport modes in India… • Air India and Indian airlines, other private airlines – 7.1 million
– 7.1 million passengers (2004-2005)

– 7.1 million passengers (2004-2005)

– Domestic air traffic increasing 10% per anum

– Domestic air traffic increasing 10% per anum

Transport modes in India… • Air India and Indian airlines, other private airlines – 7.1 million
Transport modes in India… • Air India and Indian airlines, other private airlines – 7.1 million
• Indian coast-line: 5660 km, 176 ports – 10

• Indian coast-line: 5660 km, 176 ports – 10

Transport modes in India… • Air India and Indian airlines, other private airlines – 7.1 million
major ports and 23 intermidiate

major ports and 23 intermidiate

Transport modes in India… • Air India and Indian airlines, other private airlines – 7.1 million
Transport modes in India… • Air India and Indian airlines, other private airlines – 7.1 million
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 31

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

31

Review of Transport Systems and

Review of Transport Systems and

 
Technology
Technology

Technology

Review of Transport Systems and Technology • Developments in personalized vehicle systems • Developments in bus
• Developments in personalized vehicle systems

Developments in

personalized vehicle

systems

• Developments in bus systems

Developments in bus systems

• Developments in rapid rail transit

Developments in rapid rail transit

Light rail transit

Light rail transit

•

• Magnetic Leviation

Magnetic Leviation

• Para-transit

Para-transit

• Need for coordinated development

Need for coordinated development

Multimodal transport systems

Multimodal transport systems

•

• Use of IT in transportation

Use of IT in transportation

Review of Transport Systems and Technology • Developments in personalized vehicle systems • Developments in bus
Review of Transport Systems and Technology • Developments in personalized vehicle systems • Developments in bus
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 32

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

32

ITS and its Potential in India

ITS and its Potential in India

ITS and its Potential in India • Application of modern information and communication technologies for the
ITS and its Potential in India • Application of modern information and communication technologies for the
ITS and its Potential in India • Application of modern information and communication technologies for the
• Application of modern information and communication

Application

of

modern

information

and

communication

technologies for the safer, faster, comfortable movement

technologies for the safer, faster, comfortable movement

of persons and goods

of persons and goods

 
ITS and its Potential in India • Application of modern information and communication technologies for the
• Advance Traveler Information Systems (ATIS)

Advance Traveler Information Systems (ATIS)

Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS)

Advanced Public Transportation Systems (APTS)

•

• Automatic Vehicle Detection and Control Systems

Automatic Vehicle Detection and Control Systems

• Commercial Vehicle Operations

Commercial Vehicle Operations

• Automated Highway Systems

Automated Highway Systems

Intelligent Vehicle and Highway Systems (IVHS)

Intelligent Vehicle and Highway Systems (IVHS)

•

• Electronic Tolling

Electronic Tolling

 
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 33

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

 

33

Advantages and Disadvantages of

Advantages and Disadvantages of

Road Transport
Road Transport

Road Transport

Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport • Wide geographical coverage provided by roads • Low capital
• Wide geographical coverage provided by roads

Wide

geographical

coverage

provided

by

roads

• Low capital investments

• Low capital investments

 
Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport • Wide geographical coverage provided by roads • Low capital
• Quick and assured deliveries

• Quick and assured deliveries

• Flexibility

• Flexibility

 
Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport • Wide geographical coverage provided by roads • Low capital
• Door-to-door service

• Door-to-door service

• Simpler packaging

• Simpler packaging

Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport • Wide geographical coverage provided by roads • Low capital
• Personalized service

• Personalized service

• Personalized travel

• Personalized travel

Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport • Wide geographical coverage provided by roads • Low capital
Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport • Wide geographical coverage provided by roads • Low capital
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 34

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

 

34

Advantages and Disadvantages of

Advantages and Disadvantages of

Road Transport….
Road Transport….

Road Transport….

Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport…. • Short hauls • Safety • Environmental pollution • Parking
• Short hauls

• Short

hauls

Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport…. • Short hauls • Safety • Environmental pollution • Parking
• Safety

• Safety

 
• Environmental pollution

• Environmental pollution

Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport…. • Short hauls • Safety • Environmental pollution • Parking
• Parking problem

• Parking problem

Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport…. • Short hauls • Safety • Environmental pollution • Parking
Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport…. • Short hauls • Safety • Environmental pollution • Parking
• Long-hauls • Energy

• Long-hauls • Energy

Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport…. • Short hauls • Safety • Environmental pollution • Parking
Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport…. • Short hauls • Safety • Environmental pollution • Parking
Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport…. • Short hauls • Safety • Environmental pollution • Parking
Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport…. • Short hauls • Safety • Environmental pollution • Parking
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 35

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

35

Role of Roads in Indian Economy • Connection to villages • Communications in hilly terrain •
Role of Roads in Indian Economy

Role of Roads in Indian Economy

Role of Roads in Indian Economy • Connection to villages • Communications in hilly terrain •
Role of Roads in Indian Economy • Connection to villages • Communications in hilly terrain •
• Connection to villages

Connection

to

villages

• Communications in hilly terrain

Communications in hilly terrain

 
• Strategic importance
• Strategic importance

Strategic importance

• Carriers of fright and passengers as a feeder to other

Carriers of fright and passengers as a feeder to other

modes

modes

• Helps agriculture, dairy, forest, fisheries, tourism, etc.

Helps agriculture, dairy, forest, fisheries, tourism, etc.

development

development

 
• Employment

Employment

 
• Famine and flood relief

Famine and flood relief

Administrative convenience

Administrative convenience

•

Role of Roads in Indian Economy • Connection to villages • Communications in hilly terrain •
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 36

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

36

Research Areas in transportation

Research Areas in transportation

Engineering
Engineering

Engineering

Research Areas in transportation Engineering • Traffic engineering and management • Transportation planning and management •
• Traffic engineering and management

Traffic

engineering

and

management

• Transportation planning and management

Transportation planning and management

 
• Road safety

Road safety

Research Areas in transportation Engineering • Traffic engineering and management • Transportation planning and management •
• Transportation economics

Transportation economics

 
• Urban mass transit planning, management and

Urban

mass

transit

planning,

management

and

operation

operation

• Pavement materials characterization
• Pavement materials characterization

Pavement materials characterization

 
• Pavement management systems

Pavement management systems

• Pavement design and analysis

Pavement design and analysis

Research Areas in transportation Engineering • Traffic engineering and management • Transportation planning and management •
Research Areas in transportation Engineering • Traffic engineering and management • Transportation planning and management •
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 37

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

 

37

History of Growth of Highways

History of Growth of Highways

History of Growth of Highways • Differences – Highways, Roads, Streets and Expressways • Ancient vehicles
History of Growth of Highways • Differences – Highways, Roads, Streets and Expressways • Ancient vehicles
History of Growth of Highways • Differences – Highways, Roads, Streets and Expressways • Ancient vehicles
• Differences – Highways, Roads, Streets and

Differences

Highways,

Roads,

Streets

and

Expressways

Expressways

 
• Ancient vehicles man age and usage of animal drawn
• Ancient vehicles man age and usage of animal drawn
• Ancient vehicles man age and usage of animal drawn

• Ancient

vehicles

man

 

age

and

usage

of

animal

drawn

• Invention of the wheel, steam engine, etc.

• Invention of the wheel, steam engine, etc.

 
• The Roman Civilization

• The Roman Civilization

• The Persians and Chinese Civilizations

• The Persians and Chinese Civilizations

History of Growth of Highways • Differences – Highways, Roads, Streets and Expressways • Ancient vehicles
• Indus Valley Civilization

• Indus Valley Civilization

• The Mauryas, the Guptas and the mughals.

• The Mauryas, the Guptas and the mughals.

History of Growth of Highways • Differences – Highways, Roads, Streets and Expressways • Ancient vehicles
History of Growth of Highways • Differences – Highways, Roads, Streets and Expressways • Ancient vehicles
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 38

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

 

38

Cross Section of Early Roads

Telford Pavement Macadam Pavement Introduction to Transportation Engineering 39
Telford Pavement
Macadam Pavement
Introduction to Transportation Engineering
39
Development of Roads in India

Development of Roads in India

 
during British Period
during British Period

during British Period

Development of Roads in India during British Period • Neglect of the road system in India
• Neglect of the road system in India

Neglect of the

road

system

in

India

• Military and administrative purpose only

Military and administrative purpose only

 
• Introduction of railways

Introduction of railways

• Feeder roads to the railways
• Feeder roads to the railways

Feeder roads to the railways

• Jayakar Committee (1927)

Jayakar Committee (1927)

 
– Landmark in the planned development of roads

Landmark in the planned development of roads

 
– Central road fund as road development fund

Central road fund as road development fund

• The Indian Roads Congress (1934)
• The Indian Roads Congress (1934)

The Indian Roads Congress (1934)

– Produced standards and codes of practices for the

Produced standards and codes of practices for the

planning, design, operation and management of roads

planning, design, operation and management of roads

Development of Roads in India during British Period • Neglect of the road system in India
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 40

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

40

Development of Roads in India

Development of Roads in India

Development of Roads in India • Road Development Plans – Nagpur Plan ( 1943) – Twenty
Development of Roads in India • Road Development Plans – Nagpur Plan ( 1943) – Twenty
Development of Roads in India • Road Development Plans – Nagpur Plan ( 1943) – Twenty
• Road Development Plans

Road

Development

Plans

– Nagpur Plan ( 1943)

– Nagpur Plan ( 1943)

   
Development of Roads in India • Road Development Plans – Nagpur Plan ( 1943) – Twenty
– Twenty year road development plan (Bombay

– Twenty year road development plan (Bombay

Plan) 1961-1981

Plan) 1961-1981

 
– Twenty year road development plan (Lucknow Plan) 1981-2001
– Twenty year road development plan (Lucknow Plan) 1981-2001
– Twenty year road development plan (Lucknow Plan) 1981-2001

– Twenty year road development plan

(Lucknow Plan) 1981-2001

 
Development of Roads in India • Road Development Plans – Nagpur Plan ( 1943) – Twenty
Development of Roads in India • Road Development Plans – Nagpur Plan ( 1943) – Twenty
• Road Development Plan, Vision 2021

• Road Development Plan, Vision 2021

 
Development of Roads in India • Road Development Plans – Nagpur Plan ( 1943) – Twenty
Development of Roads in India • Road Development Plans – Nagpur Plan ( 1943) – Twenty
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 41

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

41

Rural Roads, Vision 2025

Rural Roads, Vision 2025

Rural Roads, Vision 2025 • Indian Roads Congress drafted • Building of core road network which
Rural Roads, Vision 2025 • Indian Roads Congress drafted • Building of core road network which
Rural Roads, Vision 2025 • Indian Roads Congress drafted • Building of core road network which
• Indian Roads Congress drafted

Indian Roads

Congress drafted

• Building of core road network which gives accessibility

Building of core road network which gives accessibility

to each village
to each village

to each village

• Habitations with a population above 100 should be

Habitations with a population above 100 should be

connected by all whether roads

connected by all whether roads

• It is estimated that the length o 2,90,000 km of new

It is estimated that the length o 2,90,000 km of new

roads will be needed to achieve the full connectivity

roads will be needed to achieve the full connectivity

(outlay for this 26,000 c, besides 66,000 c already)

(outlay for this 26,000 c, besides 66,000 c already)

• Up gradation of 1,237,000 km length (1,64,000 c) • Maintenance of Rural Road Network (7,500
• Up gradation of 1,237,000 km length (1,64,000 c) • Maintenance of Rural Road Network (7,500
• Up gradation of 1,237,000 km length (1,64,000 c) • Maintenance of Rural Road Network (7,500

• Up gradation of 1,237,000 km length (1,64,000 c)

• Maintenance of Rural Road Network (7,500 c/ anum)

Rural Roads, Vision 2025 • Indian Roads Congress drafted • Building of core road network which
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 42

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

42

Roads in the World Today

Roads in the World Today

 
Roads in the World Today • USA has the largest network of roads (6.3 M-km) •
Roads in the World Today • USA has the largest network of roads (6.3 M-km) •
Roads in the World Today • USA has the largest network of roads (6.3 M-km) •
• USA has the largest network of roads (6.3 M-km)

USA

has the

largest network

of

roads (6.3 M-km)

• India with its 3.3 M-km road network comes second

India with its 3.3 M-km road network comes second

 
• Density of roads (km/sq km) is very high in Germany

Density of roads (km/sq km) is very high in Germany

and Japan which are small in area
and Japan which are small in area

and Japan which are small in area

• India : 1 km/sq km, USA: 0.67 and China : 0.12 km/sq

India : 1 km/sq km, USA: 0.67 and China : 0.12 km/sq

km

km

• Percentage of paved roads

Percentage of paved roads

 
– UK : 100%

UK

: 100%

– Germany : 99%

– Germany

: 99%

– USA : 91%

– USA

: 91%

– India : 50%

– India

: 50%

Roads in the World Today • USA has the largest network of roads (6.3 M-km) •
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 43

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

 

43

•

International Comparison of

Expressways

USA – 88400

km

Germany- 11000 km

Japan – 8500 km China – 6000 km UK – 4000 km Malaysia – 1500 km India – 200 km

• • • • • • International Comparison of Expressways USA – 88400 km Germany- 11000

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

44

Car-Ownership Rates (cars/1000 persons) Introduction to Transportation Engineering 45
Car-Ownership Rates (cars/1000 persons)
Introduction to Transportation Engineering
45
Functional Classification of Roads • Administration of the roads • Appropriate design standards • Developing appropriate
Functional Classification of Roads

Functional Classification of Roads

Functional Classification of Roads • Administration of the roads • Appropriate design standards • Developing appropriate
Functional Classification of Roads • Administration of the roads • Appropriate design standards • Developing appropriate
• Administration of the roads

Administration

of

the

roads

Functional Classification of Roads • Administration of the roads • Appropriate design standards • Developing appropriate
• Appropriate design standards

Appropriate design standards

 
Functional Classification of Roads • Administration of the roads • Appropriate design standards • Developing appropriate
• Developing appropriate and integrated

Developing appropriate and integrated

 
network

network

Functional Classification of Roads • Administration of the roads • Appropriate design standards • Developing appropriate
Functional Classification of Roads • Administration of the roads • Appropriate design standards • Developing appropriate
 
• Broad Classification:

Broad Classification:

– Urban roads

Urban roads

 
Functional Classification of Roads • Administration of the roads • Appropriate design standards • Developing appropriate
– Rural roads

Rural roads

Functional Classification of Roads • Administration of the roads • Appropriate design standards • Developing appropriate
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 46

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

46

Classification of Urban Roads in India • Expressways • Arterial Streets • Sub-arterial streets • Collector
Classification of Urban Roads in India

Classification of Urban Roads in India

Classification of Urban Roads in India • Expressways • Arterial Streets • Sub-arterial streets • Collector
Classification of Urban Roads in India • Expressways • Arterial Streets • Sub-arterial streets • Collector
• Expressways

• Expressways

 
Classification of Urban Roads in India • Expressways • Arterial Streets • Sub-arterial streets • Collector
• Arterial Streets

• Arterial Streets

Classification of Urban Roads in India • Expressways • Arterial Streets • Sub-arterial streets • Collector
Classification of Urban Roads in India • Expressways • Arterial Streets • Sub-arterial streets • Collector
• Sub-arterial streets

• Sub-arterial streets

Classification of Urban Roads in India • Expressways • Arterial Streets • Sub-arterial streets • Collector
• Collector streets

• Collector streets

 
Classification of Urban Roads in India • Expressways • Arterial Streets • Sub-arterial streets • Collector
• Local Streets

• Local Streets

Classification of Urban Roads in India • Expressways • Arterial Streets • Sub-arterial streets • Collector
Classification of Urban Roads in India • Expressways • Arterial Streets • Sub-arterial streets • Collector
Classification of Urban Roads in India • Expressways • Arterial Streets • Sub-arterial streets • Collector
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 47

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

47

Classification of non-urban roads in India • Primary system – Expressways – National Highways • Secondary
Classification of non-urban roads in India

Classification of non-urban roads in India

Classification of non-urban roads in India • Primary system – Expressways – National Highways • Secondary
Classification of non-urban roads in India • Primary system – Expressways – National Highways • Secondary
• Primary system

Primary

system

– Expressways – National Highways
– Expressways – National Highways
– Expressways – National Highways

Expressways

National Highways

 
• Secondary System

Secondary System

– State highways
– State highways

State highways

– Major district roads

Major district roads

• Tertiary System

Tertiary System

Classification of non-urban roads in India • Primary system – Expressways – National Highways • Secondary
– Other District Roads

Other District Roads

– Village Roads

Village Roads

Classification of non-urban roads in India • Primary system – Expressways – National Highways • Secondary
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 48

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

48

Administration of Roads

Administration of Roads

 
Administration of Roads • Administration of National Highways • Ministry of defense • Ministry of railways
Administration of Roads • Administration of National Highways • Ministry of defense • Ministry of railways
Administration of Roads • Administration of National Highways • Ministry of defense • Ministry of railways
• Administration of National Highways

Administration of

National Highways

• Ministry of defense

• Ministry of defense

Administration of Roads • Administration of National Highways • Ministry of defense • Ministry of railways
• Ministry of railways

• Ministry of railways

Administration of Roads • Administration of National Highways • Ministry of defense • Ministry of railways
   
Administration of Roads • Administration of National Highways • Ministry of defense • Ministry of railways
• The border road development board • The ministry of rural development • Ministry of Road
• The border road development board • The ministry of rural development • Ministry of Road

• The border road development board • The ministry of rural development

• Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH)

• National Highways Authority of India

• National Highways Authority of India

 
• Central Road Fund (CRF)

• Central Road Fund (CRF)

Administration of Roads • Administration of National Highways • Ministry of defense • Ministry of railways
• Administration of State Roads

• Administration of State Roads

Administration of Roads • Administration of National Highways • Ministry of defense • Ministry of railways
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 49

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

49

Road Research

Road Research

 
Road Research • Central Road Research Institute • State Highway Research Laboratories – Highway Research Station,
Road Research • Central Road Research Institute • State Highway Research Laboratories – Highway Research Station,
Road Research • Central Road Research Institute • State Highway Research Laboratories – Highway Research Station,
• Central Road Research Institute

Central

Road

Research

Institute

• State Highway Research Laboratories – Highway Research Station, chennai

State Highway Research Laboratories

Highway Research Station, chennai

 
Road Research • Central Road Research Institute • State Highway Research Laboratories – Highway Research Station,
Road Research • Central Road Research Institute • State Highway Research Laboratories – Highway Research Station,
– Maharashtra Engineering Research Institute,

Maharashtra Engineering Research Institute,

Nashik

Nashik

– Gujarat Engineering Research Institute, Vadodara

Gujarat Engineering Research Institute, Vadodara

• Highway Staff Training Institute

Highway Staff Training Institute

 
Road Research • Central Road Research Institute • State Highway Research Laboratories – Highway Research Station,
Road Research • Central Road Research Institute • State Highway Research Laboratories – Highway Research Station,
– National Institute for training of highway engineers, NOIDA

National Institute for training of highway engineers, NOIDA

• IITs, NITs or institutions like BITS

IITs, NITs or institutions like BITS

Road Research • Central Road Research Institute • State Highway Research Laboratories – Highway Research Station,
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 50

Introduction to Transportation Engineering

50

National Rural Road Development Agency • NRRDA • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY) • Connect
National Rural Road Development Agency

National Rural Road Development Agency

National Rural Road Development Agency • NRRDA • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY) • Connect
National Rural Road Development Agency • NRRDA • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY) • Connect
• NRRDA
• NRRDA

NRRDA

 

• Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY)

National Rural Road Development Agency • NRRDA • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY) • Connect
• Connect every habitation with a population 1000

• Connect every habitation with a population 1000

persons through good all weather roads (2003) persons through good all weather roads (2007)

persons through good all weather roads (2003)

persons through good all weather roads (2007)

 
• Connect every habitation with a population 500

• Connect every habitation with a population 500

National Rural Road Development Agency • NRRDA • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY) • Connect
National Rural Road Development Agency • NRRDA • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY) • Connect
• Now it is habitations with population 100

• Now it is habitations with population 100

• 60000 c and connectivity to about 1,00000
• 60000 c and connectivity to about 1,00000

• 60000 c and connectivity to about 1,00000

habitations

habitations

National Rural Road Development Agency • NRRDA • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY) • Connect
Introduction to Transportation Engineering 51