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BAB 4

BACKGROUND OF TOURISM
At the end of the 17 th 1672 de St
Maurice, published in a book,
describes the journey of foreigners
to enjoy the beauty and learn and
practice the French language of the
state all the way to Paris
There are two kinds of trips: le
Grand Tour
(Great ride) and le Petit Tour (our

BACKGROUND OF TOURISM
In Indonesia the term is used for both the tour and
travel, tourists as deepening of the tour, / touriste
In the UK has different meanings Grand Tour in
mean big trip to Europe, which is an event in
political education and diplomacy, development of
foreign trade, and scholars who seek knowledge in
Europe
This situation changed with the development of
industry, society becomes more affluent, all
groups who have the time and money to organize
trips

BASIC TRAVEL BY MOTIVATOR


MCINTOSH
1. PHYSICAL MOTIVATION, closely associated with the
desire to restore physical condition, resting, relaxing,
exercising
2. CULTURAL MOTIVATION, closely related to one's
personal desire to travel in order to see and know other
countries, such as cultural tourism
3. INTERPERSONAL MOTIVATION, prompted by a desire to
visit relatives, friends and want to avoid the work
environment
4. PRESTIGE STATUS & MOTIVATION, motivation is an
exhibition / show to show who he is, his position, his
status in the community
eg; shopping abroad, overseas schools

TRAVEL MOTIVATION
Broadly speaking, the motivation for the
trip in two
INTERNAL MOTIVATION: encouragement of
self, self-development
EXTERNAL MOTIVATION: outside influences
such as friends neighbors, masmedia
(advertising, promotions, articles,
brochures, etc.)

MOTIVATION TOUR
TOURISTS, is the visitors who visit a
country and a 24-hour stay came by
motivation:
Fill his spare time for fun, vacation, study,
sports and religious purposes
Business, family, gathering and mission
Ekskursionis, visitors who only stayed a
day in the country visited.

MOTIVATION TOUR
In general, the motivation of people to
organize trips are unlimited and can not be
restricted
Motive alleged type into four groups, namely
1.Physical motives, motives related to bodily
needs such as exercise, rest, health and so on
2.Cultural motifs, is a culture that is not the
attraction, can be landscapes, flora, fauna,
cultural motifs, often comes at a tourist
destination

MOTIVATION TOUR
3. Interpersonal motives, which are associated
with a desire to meet with family, friends or
neighbors get acquainted with a particular
person
4. Motif status or prestige motives, the
difference between those who had visited
other places, and the people who have
traveled to other regions are the same, the
same status and prestige
while the prestige motive is very important
for developing countries or former colonies.

TYPES OF TOURISM
Many variations on how people organize trips, as
for other forms of travel are the most important
are:
a)Travel abroad (Foreign, International), the traveler
on his way into the area of the country that is not
their own country
b)Tourism receptive (passive) and active travel, are
tourists from abroad will generate foreign
exchange earnings are concerned
stranger called receptive or passive (inbound
tourism) and people traveling abroad are called
active travel (outbound tourism)

TYPES OF TOURISM
c) Travel small and large tourist travel by
travel time
) Holidays are small, short-term (short
term tourism) called the end of the tour,
take one to several days can also travel
on weekends / weekends, and also called
domestic tourism
) Tourism is great, take a few weeks to
several months, also called foreign travel

TYPES OF TOURISM
D) Individual and sightseeing tour organized
Tourism individual travelers only pay a
one-time sum of money to all and
sundry, called the tour package (package
tour)
) Travel organized a group of tourists
turning the whole affair trip to the travel
company, time, cost, destination, vehicle
use, where to stay left on its journey.

AN IDEAL IMAGE OF A TOURIST


DESTINATION AREA
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Advanced and developed counties


Many scenic attraction
Good facilities / amenities
Warm and friendly peoples
Good potensial for business
Good food/cuisine
Good shopping

RESEARCH FOR DECISION MAKING


1. Tourist demographic profile :
Age, sex and nationalty, Education, income and
occupation
family members
2. Time and duration of visit
3. Expenditure
4. Type of transportation
5. Type of accommodation
6. Intention of visit