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ARCHITECTURAL

DESIGN PROCESS

Design in the

context of
Architecture: the
activity of
generating proposals
that change
something that
already exists into
something that is
better.

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Design in the

context of
Architecture: the
activity of
generating proposals
that change
something that
already exists into
something that is
better.

Initial
State

Transformation

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Imagined
Future State

Initiation: Problem
identification

DESIGN
STAGES

Preparation: Collection and


analysis of information

Proposal-making: synthesis,
bringing together a variety of
considerations

Evaluation: Based on goals

Iteration: Cycles, Feedback

DESIGN PROCESS

ARCHITECTURAL
PROGRAMMING

The process of managing information


so that the right kind of information is
available at the right stage of the design
process and the best possible
decisions can be made in shaping the
outcome of the building designs.

The process that creates the structure


for fulfilling the dreams, hopes,
wishes and desires of the buildings
future inhabitants.

DESIGN PROCESS

ARCHITECTURAL
PROGRAMMING

The orderly definition of the


architectural problem and the
articulation of project requirements in a
manner that promotes the creation of a
responsible solution for the design of
the building.

The problem-seeking phase of the


design process.
The gathering, organizing,
analyzing, interpreting and
presenting of the information
relevant to a design project.

DESIGN PROCESS

ARCHITECTURAL
PROGRAMMING

Two main
concern:

areas

of

Analysis of the existing state


Projection of what the future
state should be

DESIGN PROCESS

Existing
ExistingState
State

THE PROGRAM
DOCUMENT

The
TheSetting
Setting
Cultural,
Cultural,Social,
Social,Political,
Political,
Historical,
Historical,Economic
Economic
Physical
PhysicalConditions/
Conditions/Site
Site
Data
Data
Geography,
Geography,Climate,
Climate,
Archaeology,
Archaeology,Geology
Geology
Client/User
Client/UserProfile
Profile
Demography,
Demography,
Organizations,
Organizations,Needs,
Needs,
Behavior
Behavior
Constraints
Constraints
Legal,
Legal,Financial,
Financial,Technical,
Technical,
Market
Market

DESIGN PROCESS

Future
FutureState
State
Mission
Mission
Goals
Goals
Performance
Performance
Requirements
Requirements
Concepts
Concepts

Issue
PARTS OF AN
ISSUE-BASED
PROGRAM

Fact
Values
Goals
Performance Requirement
Concept

DESIGN PROCESS

PARTS OF AN
ISSUE-BASED
PROGRAM

DESIGN PROCESS

PARTS OF AN
ISSUE-BASED
PROGRAM

ISSUE

- any matter, concern,


question, topic, proportion or
situation that demands a design in
order for a building project to be
successful for its clients and users.

DESIGN PROCESS

PARTS OF AN
ISSUE-BASED
PROGRAM

DESIGN PROCESS

PARTS OF AN
ISSUE-BASED
PROGRAM

FACT

are objective,
specific and verifiable by some
measurement or observation.
Their existence is not subject to
judgment but their use and
interpretation is based on values.

DESIGN PROCESS

VALUES:
PARTS OF AN
ISSUE-BASED
PROGRAM

different building
types require different design
responses for the same issues
based upon the values of different
users and the needs of different
activities.
Design issues, when processed
through the filter of values of the
client, user and designer yield goal
statements about qualities the
design must have.

DESIGN PROCESS

TOPIC OF
INQUIRY

PARTS OF AN
ISSUE-BASED
PROGRAM

INTERDISCIPLINARY
SCREEN

.Interpretive-Historical
Research

.Qualitative Research
.Correlational Research
.Experimental Research
.Simulation Research
.Logical Argumentation
.Case-study/ Mixed methods

DESIGN PROCESS

RESEARCHER/
DESIGNER

Goal: a statement of intention; an


PARTS OF AN
ISSUE-BASED
PROGRAM

end that one strives to attain or


that toward which effort or play is
directed; an action statement

Project Goal - goals that relate


only to the outcome of the
project; these are based upon the
underlying values of the designer,
clients and users.
Mission Statements- the overall
purpose; a statement that concisely
explains the need to undertake a
project in the first place.

DESIGN PROCESS

Performance
PARTS OF AN
ISSUE-BASED
PROGRAM

Requirement

a statement about the measurable


level of function that a designed
object, building, or place must provide
for a good to be met; performance
specification standard or criterion.
This statement is more specific than a
goal since it relates to function ( a
doing) instead of a quality (a being);
must be general enough to allow for
multiple, alternative physical solutions
or concepts

DESIGN PROCESS

CONCEPT PARTS OF AN
ISSUE-BASED
PROGRAM

a statement
of an ideal set of relationships
among several of the elements
under an architects control such
as form (dimension and direction)
material, texture, color (value,
intensity) and adjacency.
A concept statement is made up
of a single diagram and a few
words.

DESIGN PROCESS

CHECKLIST
OF ISSUES

Audibility- the acoustic properties of an


environment that contribute to ones
ability to hear what needs to be heard and
to mask unwanted sounds
Behavioral Settings- the units for
describing the interdependencies of
activity and physical settings
Circulation- movement or flow of
people, objects, information or
substances

DESIGN PROCESS

CHECKLIST
OF ISSUES

Comfort - providing ease and


enjoyment
Convenience - ease of access to places,
materials and information
Durability - ability to endure the designed
use over time

DESIGN PROCESS

FACTS
SITE

Cultural
Demographic
Economic
Ethical
Political

Climate
Air Quality
Geography
Hydrology
Geology
Topography
Vegetation
Facilities

Social

Utilities

CONTEXT

Access
Visual
Resources
Codes

DESIGN PROCESS

USERS
Activities
Age Group
Anthropometrics
Organizations
Disabilities
Perceptual Abilities
Personalities
Roles
Values
Rules

Mission Statement :

MISSION AND
GOALS

To
create
a
residential environment that blends easily into a
variety of urban settings, and at the same time
provides space and support features required
by severely retarded/disabled adults.
Goal 1 (issue: social interaction/learning)
The meal preparation/dining areas should
promote active participation by the residents
and facilitate the learning of daily living skills.
Goal 2 (issue: territory)
Bedroom should promote a sense of ownership
and responsibility for the residents.

DESIGN PROCESS

PERFORMANCE
REQUIREMENT

Goal 1: The major portion of parking for the


downtown core should be a short pleasant walk
from most shopping destinations.
PR1:
Shoppers coming to downtown should
have to walk less than five minutes to get from
their car to 90% of their destination.
PR2:
Major pedestrian corridors between
parking and downtown stores should be visually
interesting and substantially protected from rain
and the afternoon sun.
PR3:
Major paths should create impulse
shopping and window shopping opportunities.

DESIGN PROCESS

THE REQUIRED
STATE
PROGRAM

PRESENT
STATE

The
environment
without the
project

REQUIRED
STATE

THE
DESIGN
PROCESS

DESIGN PROCESS

The
environment
with the
project

The Design Philosophy and


Overall Concepts

THE REQUIRED
STATE
PROGRAM

The Concept Breakdown


The Translation Guidelines
The Synthesis

DESIGN PROCESS

THE DESIGN
PHILOSOPHY

a statement of the beliefs, values


or viewpoints from which the
development of design solutions
take off. They are often formed
out of universally held principles,
and thus become bases for socially
desirable design objectives.

DESIGN PROCESS

OVERALL
DESIGN
CONCEPT

An initial generalized idea


A germination which is to be expanded
and developed later in some detail
A perception about form or relationships
among variables resulting from an analysis
of the problem
A mental image deriving from the project
situation
Rudimentary set of tactics for
proceeding with design
First ideas about building morphology

DESIGN PROCESS

CONCEPT
BREAKDOWN

This consists of sub-concepts that


correspond to particular areas of
architectural concerns.
An overall concept can be broken
down into sub-concepts falling
under one or more categories.
The mix varies depending on the
research problem.

DESIGN PROCESS

CONCEPT
BREAKDOWN

DESIGN PROCESS

CONCEPT
BREAKDOWN

DESIGN PROCESS

CONCEPT
BREAKDOWN

DESIGN PROCESS

These are specific design guidelines


formulated out of the sub-concepts.

TRANSLATION
GUIDELINES

They may be the refined versions of


the chosen sub-concept or could also
be the product of the consolidation of
two or more sub-concepts.
The guidelines prescribe performance
and quality standards that are based on
the design parameters derived out of
the performance requirements.

DESIGN PROCESS

TRANSLATION
GUIDELINES

Social and Academic Interaction

Goal : The facility should promote spontaneous social interaction


among students of all years and departments, faculty and
administrators to allow frequent exchange of information

TRANSLATION GUIDELINES:
-There will be two entrances to the building and these shall be spaced twenty meters
apart.
-The corridors shall not be less than 1.5 meters in width.

DESIGN PROCESS

-All studio doors shall open to common spaces such as lobbies and corridors.
-Doors shall not be less than 2.1 meters in width.

TRANSLATION
GUIDELINES

TRANSLATION GUIDELINES:
-There will be five (5) student organization kiosks, each of which will have a floor area of
at least ten (10) square meters.
-Student organization spaces shall be located in the two (2) minor lobbies adjacent to the
stairs.
-There shall be provided two (2) home labs for every three (3) hot labs.

DESIGN PROCESS

-Each wing shall have a mix of two (2) studios and two (2) faculty offices.

TRANSLATION
GUIDELINES
TRANSLATION GUIDELINES:
The main lobby from where the four corridors would branch out shall be irregularly shaped
such that no two corners would have the same configuration.
The main lobby shall have be 0.40 meters lower than the minor lobbies. The rooms shall be
0.20 higher than the lobby.
Rooms 201 , 203 and 204 will have movable partitions. This will allow the use of these three
(3) adjoining rooms as one big hall during special occasions.
Three hundred (300) square meters at the northeast corner will be dedicated for travelling
exhibits.

DESIGN PROCESS

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