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ENS101G

Hljfri1
EnglishPhonetics1

PturKntsson

accent
voice

accent
pronunciation
phoneticform

S/hedoesntspeak
Englishwithan
accent

S/hedoesntspeak
Englishwithan
accent

Britain
Australia
NewZealand
SouthAfrica

USA
Canada

Britain
Australia
NewZealand
SouthAfrica

USA
Canada

Scotland,Ireland,Jamaica/Africa/India

Britain

USA

RP:Received
Pronunciation
BE:GeneralBritish
English

GA,AE:General
American
English

accent
pronuciation
phoneticform

dialect
vocabulary,grammar,syntax
grammaticalform

accent
pronuciation
phoneticform

dialect
s/hespeaksdialect

Linguistically,
theresnosuch
thingasacorrupt
accentoracorrupt
dialect.

Linguistically,
theresnosuch
thingasanugly
accentoranugly
dialect.

Linguistically,
theresnosuch
thingasabeautiful
accentora
beautifuldialect.

accent
pronuciation
phoneticform

dialect
vocabulary,grammar,syntax
grammaticalform

accent
pronuciation
phoneticform

dialect
vocabulary,grammar,syntax
grammaticalform

Britain
Australia
NewZealand
SouthAfrica

USA
Canada

France,Iceland,Japan,
Greece.........

Britain
Australia
NewZealand
SouthAfrica

USA
Canada

INTERNATIONAL
ENGLISH

mayor

mayor
mare

mayor
mare
stairbearthereheirmayor

fissure
fisher

career
Korea

schwa

evident abundant
vacant confident
valiant obedient

NUTRIENT PRESCIENT OMNISCIENT DISSENTIENT PRESENTIENT


TRANSIENT DARENT EVACUANT DILUENT CONTINUANT
PURSUANT CONSTITUENT AFFLUENT EFFLUENT REFLUENT
INFLUENT CONFLUENT CONGRUENT TRUANT OBSTRUENT
CUMBENT LAMBENT DECUMBENT RECUMBENT INCUMBENT
PROCUMBENT DECADENT PAGEANT ALLEGIANT REGENT SEJANT
PRECEDENT ANTECEDENT URGENT EMERGENT INSURGENT
DETERGENT ABSTERGENT VERDANT DIVERGENT CONVERGENT
ACCORDANT CONCORDANT DISCORDANT MORDANT MORDENT
STUDENT PRUDENT IMPRUDENT ARDENT ARGENT SERGEANT
SERJEANT PEDANT TRIDENT INDIGENT AGENT REAGENT
DIFFIDENT CONFIDENT INTELLIGENT UNINTELLIGENT NEGLIGENT
DILIGENT PRECEDENT DISSIDENT ACCIDENT EXIGENT OCCIDENT
INTRANSIGENT INCIDENT COINCIDENT EVIDENT PROVIDENT
IMPROVIDENT RESIDENT PRESIDENT INDULGENT FULGENT
EFFULGENT REFULGENT SCANDENT ABUNDANT
SUPERABUNDANT REDUNDANT PUNGENT DEFENDANT
RESPLENDENT PENDANT PENDENT DEPENDANT DEPENDENT
INTERDEPENDENT INDEPENDENT ASCENDANT ASCENDENT
DESCENDANT DESCENDENT TRANSCENDENT ATTENDANT

RESPONDENT
INTENDANT SUPERINTENDENT
DESPONDENT

schwa

obey
attack
obtain
abstain
perhaps
particular

L1

L2

L1
preliterate: before
learning to read

Home Englishes

L2
postliterate: after
learning to read

International English

Over the past 500 600 years, English


spelling has not kept up with the
changes in pronunciation

Over the past 500 600 years, English


spelling has not kept up with the
changes in pronunciation

In the year 1400, the words


boot
book
blood
were all pronounced with the same
vowel, a long oo sound.

Not so today:

boot

foodmoonloserudeblue

book

goodshouldButchbush
fullBuddha

blood
floodmudjudgelovesunson

L2

Using L1 phonology for L2 sounds


shell, sell
measure, pressure
sheep, ship
think, sink
Kata, kta

L2
Using L1 phonology for L2 sounds
Aiming at the wrong L2 sounds

L1
Home Englishes
Has its own
phonology

L2
International English
Has a filtered
or
impoverished
phonology

L1andL2:Summary

preliteratepostliterate
doesspellingorpronunciationcomefirst?
weakvowelsornot?
fullorimpoverishedphonology?

L2 learners of English may not have much of a


problem when what they learn can be explained in
terms of letters. They find it for instance easy to
learn that there is a silent w in write, and that the
silent e at the end of stage changes the vowel a
to a n ay-sound. But if the changes involved
cannot be shown by letters, they may not be taught.
So the use of Schwa at the end of teacher, doctor and
beggar will not be taught.

SowhataccentofEnglishdowe
concentrateoninthiscourse?

RP(BritishEnglish)
GA(AmericanEnglish)
InternationalEnglish