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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Grammar & Usage

Unit 27 Conditional sentences


27.1 Zero conditional
27.2 First conditional
27.3 Second conditional
27.4 Third conditional
27.5 Other conditional expressions
Grammar Practice
Part A

Part B

Part C

Part D

Part F
Part G
Language Practice

Part H

Part I

Part A

Part E

Part B
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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

27.1 Zero conditional


when it is used
We use zero conditional to talk about
general truths
If we eat contaminated food, we become ill.
If we dont feel well, we see a doctor.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

scientific facts
If we heat water to 100C, it boils.
imperatives
If you dont feel well, see a doctor.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

how it is formed
if-clause

main clause (result clause)

present simple

present simple

If you dont water plants, they die.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

27.2 First conditional


when it is used
We use first or type 1 conditional to talk about things
which may be true in the present, or which may happen in
the future.
If it rains tomorrow morning, we will cancel the
picnic.
If you are hungry now, I will make you some
pancakes.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

how it is formed
if-clause

main clause (result clause)

present simple

will + bare infinitive

If you want to read the book, I will lend it to you.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

We use can/may in the main clause instead of will


for permission:
You can/may borrow my camera if you
want to take some photographs.
or, may/might/could for possibility:
If the No.3 typhoon signal is hoisted
tomorrow morning, the ferry services
may/might/could be suspended.
or, can/could for ability:
If you work hard, you can/could learn to
Teachers notes
notes
use the computer in no time. Teachers

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

We can use the present perfect or present


continuous in the if-clause.
If it has stopped raining, we can go out
now.
If you are having dinner now, Ill call again
later.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

We can use should in the if-clause if we are less


Teachers notes
notes
sure about a possibility. Teachers
I dont think Sally is going to the party this
evening, but if I should see her, Ill give
her your message.
When we use should, we can omit if and begin the
clause with should.
Should I see her at the party, Ill give her
your message.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

We can use would in the if-clause to make a request.


If you would wait a minute, Ill have the
present wrapped for you.
(=if you wouldnt mind waiting/if you could
wait)

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

We can also use any expressions that give advice or


suggestions, or make a request in the main clause.
youd better see a doctor.
you should stay in bed.

If you dont feel well,

you ought not to be working


now.
why dont you take a day
off?
would you like me to call the
doctor?

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Reminder
We use the present simple tense in the if-clause
when talking about the future.
If you go to the book fair tomorrow, you may
see the novelist. Shell be there promoting her
new book.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

27.3 Second conditional


when it is used
We use the second or type 2 conditional to talk about
something which is not true or not real in the future.
If I had a car, I would take you for a ride around
town.
(= I dont have a car)
If he knew, we would ask him.
(= he doesnt know)

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

how it is formed
if-clause

main clause (result clause)

past simple

would + bare infinitive

If I had time, I would help you.


(= Im busy so I cant help you at the moment)

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

We can use the past continuous tense in the


if-clause.
My uncle and aunt are taking me to
Ocean Park tomorrow.
If I were not going with them, I would be
glad to go with you.

We can use might/could in the main clause to talk


about possible results or possible abilities.
If you asked him, he might help you.
If you told me, I could give you some

advice.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

We can use would + be + -ing for what could


have happened.
If he were here now, we would be playing
TV games.
(= hes not here)

We always use were in the if-clause in formal writing


and speech.
If the weather were fine today, wed go to
the beach.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

In less formal contexts, we can use was with I, he,


she, it, etc.
If I wasnt so tired, Id go with you.
We often use if I were you to give advice, and if
you were me to ask for advice.
If I were you, Id think twice before I
accept.
If you were me, would you take his offer?

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

27.4 Third conditional


when it is used
We use the third or type 3 conditional to talk about
something which did not happen in the past.
The weather suddenly turned bad yesterday. If
we had gone out, we would have been caught
in the heavy rain.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

The third conditional is often used to express regret.


If I had invested in the company when I had
the opportunity, I would have made a lot of
money.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

how it is formed
if-clause

main clause (result clause)

past perfect

would + have + past participle

If we had taken the earlier ferry, we would not


have been delayed.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

We can use the past perfect continuous in the if-clause.


The driver was driving too fast. If he had been
driving slowly, he would have been able to
stop in time.
We can use might/could + have + past participle in the
main clause.
If you had come earlier, you might have seen
him.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

We can omit if and put had at the beginning of the


clause. This is a formal structure and is more common in
writing.
Had the government taken measures in time,
such problems would not have occurred.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

27.5 Other conditional expressions


unless (= if not)

Unless we hurry, well miss our


plane. (= If we dont hurry ...)

otherwise

You must rest. Otherwise, youll


be tired.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

as/so long as,


provided/providing
that, on condition that

You can borrow my camera as


long as/so long as/provided/
providing that/on condition that
you look after it carefully.

even if/though

She wont tell us, even if/though


she knows.

and/or (else)

Take your medication and youll


be better tomorrow.
Hurry up or/or else youll be late.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

(Lets) suppose,
supposing, imagine,
what if

Grammar & Usage

Lets suppose/Supposing it
rained tomorrow. What would
we do?
Imagine you had a lot of money.
What would you do with it?
What if she told you the truth?
Would you forgive her?

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

if it were not,
had it not been for

without

Grammar & Usage

If it were not for her, I would not


have done so well.
Had it not been for her, I would
have done so well.

Without your help, I would have


struggled.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

if so, if not

Grammar & Usage

Do you want to read this novel?


If so (= if you do), you can have
it. If not (= if you dont), Ill lend it
to Melinda.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Grammar Practice
Complete the following sentences using the phrases from the
box below. Each phrase can be used ONCE only. The first
one has been done for you.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

go to bed early.
If I have school the next day, I usually _________________
________________________________________________

take good care of them.


Things last longer if you ____________________________
________________________________________________

dont clean them properly.


Our teeth rot if we _________________________________
________________________________________________

they die.
If plants dont get enough water, _____________________
________________________________________________

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BOX
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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

floods its banks.


If it rains heavily, the river __________________________
________________________________________________

work in the sun.


We tire easily if we ________________________________
________________________________________________

use up more calories.


If we do heavy work, we ____________________________
________________________________________________

they are trained.


Some animals can perform tricks if ___________________
________________________________________________

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BOX
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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

it growls.
If a dog is angry, __________________________________
________________________________________________

if its very hot and sunny.


10 We wear a hat __________________________________
________________________________________________

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BOX
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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Complete the following dialogues, using the given words.


The first one has been done for you.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

she/not/make it
Sophie

Shall I invite Sarah?

Lauren I think shed love to come. Shell be disappointed if


she cant make it
__________________________
.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

you/finish/homework
Tony

Can I watch television?

Mum

youve/you have finished your


Yes, if __________________________________
homework
_______________________________________
.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

you/still/use
Ruth

Im sorry, I didnt know you still needed the


dictionary.

Lily

Thats okay. I can check this later if __________


youre/you are still using
________________________________________
it.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

anyone/call
Jessie

Are you going out?

Alan

anyone calls
Yes. If __________________________________
while Im out, please would you let them know Ill
be back by five?

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

you/find
Maggie Id like to know more about package tours to
Phuket. Where would I find out about this?
Bruce

youll/
If you go to a travel agent, _______________
you will find
___________________________
all the information
you need.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

weather/fine
Mike

Are you going anywhere tomorrow?

Lilian

the
Yes, were going to Lantau Island if __________
weathers/weather is fine
_______________________________________
.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

he/not/call you back


Jill

I left a message on Johns voicemail. I wonder


if hes got it yet?

Ted

he doesnt/does not call you back


If _____________________________________
,
why dont you call him again?

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

you/had better/take
Kate

Its almost six. I must run or Ill be late for dinner.

Helen

youd/you had
If youre in a hurry, _______________________
better take
________________________
a taxi.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Match the half-sentences in Column A with those in


Column B. Write your answers in the spaces provided. Use
each letter ONCE only. The first one has been done for you.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Column A
1

If you have a fever,

D
_________

Ask him to wait

E
_________

You can come with me

F
_________

Maintain a healthy lifestyle

B
_________

If you need anything,

H
_________

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COLUMN B
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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Column A
6

Ill leave my belongings here

A
_________

If shes busy,

G
_________

You mustnt use a lift

C
_________

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COLUMN B
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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Read the information below, then complete each short


dialogue by choosing the correct words. The first one has been
done for you.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Mr Wong

Im going to buy a car.

Mr Chan

Lucky you! If I

have/had

had
__________________
the money, I would buy
one myself.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Doris

Grammar & Usage

What do you think of these

arent/werent

shoes?
Samantha

Theyre beautiful. Id buy


werent
them if they ____________
so expensive.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Roy

We havent heard from


Alison since she left. I miss
her a lot.

William

would write
So do I. I _______________

am going to write/
would write

to her if I had her new email


address.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Sam

Grammar & Usage

Do you think I should take


up the place to study law?

Chris

had offered/
were offered

were
Definitely! If I ___________
offered
_______________
such an
opportunity, Id take it
without hesitation.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Molly

Grammar & Usage

Whats your brother doing


today?

Carla

Hes at home reading.

Molly

If I were your brother, I

wont stay/
wouldnt be staying

wouldnt be staying
______________________
at home on such a fine day.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Robert

Grammar & Usage

Good morning. Im Robert


Choi. Mr Lau is expecting

you should follow/


you follow

me.

you
Receptionist Yes,
Mr Choi. If _________
follow
________________ me, Ill
take you to Mr Laus office.
Robert

Thanks.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Susan

Grammar & Usage

Why isnt Kate staying at


her aunts house?

Kitty

was staying/
would be staying

Kates staying with a friend.


If she werent, she _______
would be staying
______________________
with her aunt instead.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Tom

Grammar & Usage

What did Mike say when


you invited him?

Bob

wont go/
werent going

He said hed join us if he


werent going
____________________
to
the airport this afternoon.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Complete the following sentences using the correct form of


the verbs in the box. Use each verb ONCE only. The first one
has been done for you.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

did
I dont know the details of their plan. If I ______________
,
I would tell you.

This is wonderful! If it werent a public holiday, I _________


wouldnt/would not be lying here on the beach.
_____________________________

had
Kelly is quick-tempered. If she _________________
better
self-control, she would have more friends.

werent/were not selling flags today, shed be


If Kate _________________________
cycling with us.

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BOX
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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

If my brother werent out of town, I ___________________


would/could ask
him to help me.

wouldnt/
The typhoon signal No.3 is up. If I were you, I __________
would not think
________________________
of going swimming today.

werent/were not
Im glad you came. If you ______________________
here,
Id be playing on the computer.

will fall
If we dont start work now, we _________________
behind
schedule.

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BOX
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63

DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

werent/were not raining


If it _____________________________
, hed be here by now.

hadnt/had not been caught in a traffic jam, I would


10 If I ____________________________
have been here on time.

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BOX
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65

DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Read what happened, and then write a sentence saying what


could have happened. The first one has been done for you.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

I didnt have time. I didnt go shopping.


If I had had time, I would have gone shopping.
________________________________________________
________________________________________________

I didnt see you. I didnt say hello.


If Id/I had seen you, I wouldve/would have said
________________________________________________
hello.
________________________________________________

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

She dropped the glass. It was wet and slippery.


If the glass had not been wet and slippery, she
________________________________________________
wouldnt/would not have dropped it.
________________________________________________

The principal stopped his speech suddenly. The students


listening were so surprised.
If the principal hadnt/had not stopped his
________________________________________________
speech suddenly, the students listening
________________________________________________
wouldnt/would not have been so surprised.
________________________________________________

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

He wasnt injured. He was wearing a seat-belt.


If he hadnt/he had not been wearing a seat-belt,
________________________________________________
he wouldve/would have been injured.
________________________________________________

The traffic lights broke down. The traffic was held up for
half an hour.
If the traffic lights hadnt/had not broken down,
________________________________________________
the traffic wouldnt/would not have been held up
________________________________________________
for half an hour.
________________________________________________

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Mrs Wong didnt buy the coat because she didnt think it would
suit her.
If Mrs Wong had thought the coat would suit
________________________________________________
her,
________________________________________________
she wouldve/would have bought it.
He scored such high marks as a result of hard work.
If he hadnt/he had not worked hard, he
________________________________________________
wouldnt/would not/mightnt/might not have
________________________________________________
scored such high marks.
________________________________________________

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

The fire did not spread because the firefighters put it out
quickly.
If the firefighters hadnt/had not put out the fire
________________________________________________
quickly, it wouldve/would have/mightve/might
________________________________________________
have spread.
________________________________________________

10 Everybody was excited about the swimming gala. All the


students attended it.
If no one was excited about the swimming gala,
________________________________________________
few/no students would have attended it.
________________________________________________

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Complete the following sentences using the given words. The


first one has been done for you.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

will/may win
The game is going well. If we act now, we _______________
(win) the cup.

might/
Thanks, Bob. If you hadnt reminded me, I _____________
would have forgotten
__________________________
(forget) Jimmys birthday.

wouldnt/would
I dont trust him. If I were you, I _____________________
not listen
_________________
(not/listen) to him.

had been
He wasnt at Jills party last night. If he ________________
(be) there, Id have seen him.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

floats
If you pour oil on water, it ________________
(float).

will catch
Wear your coat, or you ____________________
(catch)
a cold.

are going/go
I wont go to the cinema unless you __________________
(go), too.

would you
Supposing what he said were true, what ________________
do
______________
(you/do) about it?

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

are
If you ________________
(be) hungry, help yourself to some
fruit.

ve/have finished
10 If you ______________________
(finish) your homework,
you can go to your friends house, Mrs Lai said to her son.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Rewrite the following sentences, using the words in brackets.


The first one has been done for you.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

If you dont study, you wont pass your examination.


(unless)
You wont pass your examinations unless you
________________________________________________
study.
________________________________________________

If you go to bed early, youll feel refreshed in the morning.


(and)
to bed early and youll feel refreshed in the
Go _____________________________________________
morning.
________________________________________________

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Ill go to the party if you go too. (provided)


Ill go to the party provided you go too.
________________________________________________
________________________________________________

If you dont train for the football match, youll perform badly.
(or else)
for the football match, or else youll
Train ___________________________________________
perform badly/not perform well.
________________________________________________

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

If you dont hurry up, youll be late for school. (or)


Hurry up or youll be late for school.
________________________________________________
________________________________________________

You can borrow my book if you return it by the weekend. (on


condition that)
You can borrow my book on condition that you
________________________________________________
return it by the weekend.
________________________________________________

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

You can stay and watch us rehearse if you are very quiet.
(as long as)
As long as you are very quiet, you can stay and
________________________________________________
watch us rehearse.
________________________________________________

If I hadnt checked my dictionary, I wouldnt have known


the meaning of that word. (without)
Without having checked my dictionary, I
________________________________________________
wouldnt have known the meaning of that word.
________________________________________________

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81

DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

You must be able to swim if you want to learn to canoe.


(unless)
You cant learn to canoe unless you are able to
________________________________________________
swim.
________________________________________________

10 If you dont take a map with you, youre sure to lose your
way. (otherwise)
Take a map with you, otherwise youre sure to
________________________________________________
lose your way.
________________________________________________

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Some of the underlined expressions are incorrect. Correct


errors by writing the correction above the underlined
expression. If it is correct, put a at the end of the sentence.
The first two have been done for you.

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83

DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

1 Unless you help me, I wont be able to finish

the job on time.


provided
2 You can use my car unless you drive it carefully.
or/otherwise
3 Take this umbrella and youll get wet.
4 If you just add some colour there, your painting will
be finished.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

so long as/if
Well go to the beach tomorrow otherwise it doesnt
rain.

Ill buy the dress as long as its not too expensive.

Unless
Provided that my father lends me the money, I wont

be able to buy that book.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

He took the MTR. Otherwise, he would have been

held up in the traffic jam.


9

if
Ill probably go for a walk after lunch when the weather
is good.

10 Shell come as long as your sister is coming, too.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Language Practice
Complete the following conversation by inserting ONE
word which best completes the meaning. The first one has
been done for you.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Paul

Grammar & Usage

Have you (1) this article? It (2) that

(1)

read
____________

using a mobile phone is a danger

(2)

____________
says

(3)

____________
to

(4)

which
____________

(3)

our health.

Derek

How?

Paul

Well, apparently, radio waves from


the handset might damage DNA and
destroy the cell repair system, (4)
can cause tumours in some cases.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Jane

Grammar & Usage

Dont panic though, because


according to the article, scientists (5)

(5)

around
____________

the world are not in agreement about


(6)

this
. Some scientists (7) Australia have (6) ____________

pointed out that animals studies have

(7)

in
____________

shown that radiation from mobile


phones doesnt trigger the growth of
tumours.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Paul

So is it safe to use mobile phones?

Derek

The World Health Organisation has


called (8) more research (9) any

(8)

for
____________

potential health hazards related to

(9)

into/on
____________

(10)

____________
were

mobile phones. The results may be


positive or negative. But I think itll
be okay. If there (10) serious
concerns,
governments would issue warnings.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Jane

Grammar & Usage

Youve (11) a point. Its good to

(11)

____________
got

its being investigated.

(12)

____________
know

(12)

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Decide which of the given choices would best complete the


following article if inserted in the blanks. The first one has
been done for you.

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Do you watch the clock? Are you highly competitive? Do


you find (1) difficult to relax and have a(n) (2) craving for
perfection? (3) you ticked yes to all the above,
you have a Type A personality. This, (4) , doesnt
make you superior to your fellow human beings.
(5) ,

it means you may have a(n) (6) chance of heart

problems in the future.


(1) A
B
C
D

you are
there is
it
how

(2) A
B
C
D

constant
increasingly
amazingly
fascinated

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P.238
93

DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Do you watch the clock? Are you highly competitive? Do


you find (1) difficult to relax and have a(n) (2) craving for
perfection? (3) you ticked yes to all the above,
you have a Type A personality. This, (4) , doesnt
make you superior to your fellow human beings.
(5) ,

it means you may have a(n) (6) chance of heart

problems in the future.


(3) A
B
C
D

On condition that
If
As long as
Unless

(4) A
B
C
D

despite the fact


as a result
it turns out
however

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P.238
94

DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Do you watch the clock? Are you highly competitive? Do


you find (1) difficult to relax and have a(n) (2) craving for
perfection? (3) you ticked yes to all the above,
you have a Type A personality. This, (4) , doesnt
make you superior to your fellow human beings.
(5) ,

it means you may have a(n) (6) chance of heart

problems in the future.


(5) A
B
C
D

On the contrary
In this way
Just as well
To illustrate

(6) A
B
C
D

highly
increased
decreased
lowly

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DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

At least, thats the view (7) cardiologist* Bernard Wong.


He says Type As (8) probably form a large proportion of
adults in (9) Hong Kong should have regular health checks
(10)

they may be more prone (11) chest pain a(n) (12)

indication of a need to relax and de-stress.


* cardiologist: a doctor who specialises in and treats heart diseases

(7) A
B
C
D

of
with
to
for

(8) A
B
C
D

of whom
that
who
whose

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96

DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

At least, thats the view (7) cardiologist* Bernard Wong.


He says Type As (8) probably form a large proportion of
adults in (9) Hong Kong should have regular health checks
(10)

they may be more prone (11) chest pain a(n) (12)

indication of a need to relax and de-stress.


* cardiologist: a doctor who specialises in and treats heart diseases

(9) A
B
C
D

commercial hub
rapid development
speaking highly of
fast-paced

(10) A
B
C
D

on account
because
so often that
for the sake

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97

DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

At least, thats the view (7) cardiologist* Bernard Wong.


He says Type As (8) probably form a large proportion of
adults in (9) Hong Kong should have regular health checks
(10)

they may be more prone (11) chest pain a(n) (12)

indication of a need to relax and de-stress.


* cardiologist: a doctor who specialises in and treats heart diseases

(11) A
B
C
D

of
in
be
to

(12) A
B
C
D

obviously
possible
undeniably
well accept

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98

DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Wong (13) notes that the heart pumps two litres of blood
per minute (14) a person is at rest, (15) this rate can increase
sevenfold as people become (16) or filled (17) intense emotion
when, for instance, (18) sport.

(13) A
B
C
D

goes on
continue
further
in detail

(14) A
B
C
D

when
whereas
if
although

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99

DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Wong (13) notes that the heart pumps two litres of blood
per minute (14) a person is at rest, (15) this rate can increase
sevenfold as people become (16) or filled (17) intense emotion
when, for instance, (18) sport.

(15) A
B
C
D

even though
but
no matter what
not until

(16) A
B
C
D

overwork
in a frenzy
actively
excited

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100

DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Wong (13) notes that the heart pumps two litres of blood
per minute (14) a person is at rest, (15) this rate can increase
sevenfold as people become (16) or filled (17) intense emotion
when, for instance, (18) sport.

(17) A
B
C
D

with
because
for
according to

(18) A
B
C
D

do
playing
engaged
participating

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101

DEVELOPING SKILLS Set B

Unit 27 Conditional sentences

Grammar & Usage

Type A personalities may experience more heightened levels


of tension than other adults, (19) them more vulnerable to
chest pain as their heart is (20) at a heightened rate
frequently.

(19) A
B
C
D

leave
making
causing
led

(20) A
B
C
D

working
tiring
exhaust
pump blood

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102