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Group 5 Go Beyond !

“Recapping of Needles: The

Davao Doctors College
Student Nurses Experiences “

Group 5 13B
Chapter 1
Recapping of needles has turned out to be
hazardous over these years. Some studies in the
global setting support the fact that it leads to
accidental injuries to any healthcare nurse. These
needle stick injuries(NSIs) result into infection, thus
putting anyone life at risk(Blackwell,et al,2007)
Considering these facts, we researchers
therefore attempt to explore further the experiences
of teh student nurses of Davao Doctors College on
recapping the needles and propose intervention
scheme to address or alleviate this concern.
Theoretical framework Variables

Neuman system model -


 Flexible Line of Defense(FLD) -


 Normal Line of Defense(NLD)


 Line of Resistance (LOR) -

Conceptual framework
Input Output

of DDC BSN 4
students on
recapping of
Purpose of the study:

The purpose of the study is to describe how varied the

experiences are of the BSN 4 students in recapping of
needles. Also the study envisions to discover the extent of
the knowledge, attitude and practice of these
participants in recapping of needles. The following
research questions guide the study:

How do the participants describe their experiences in

recapping of needles

What do they know about the risk which they can acquire
from their needle stick injuries?

What actions do they propose to address their concerns

on the risk?
Significance of the study:
College of nursing Administration:
sound basis for policy formulation

Clinical instructors :
provide our clinical instructor baseline information to
develop instructions

Student nurses:
provide our fellow student nurses relevant data

Future researcher :
provide future researcher some baseline date which
they could use for support
Limitation of the study:

Focus: describing the experiences of our student

participants on recapping of needles

Participants : BSN 4 students enrolled in RLE 2nd

semester S.Y. 2009-2010
Chapter 2
Design : Qualitative method Phenomelogy

Sampling: BSN 4 RLE students in S. Y 2009-2010

( atleast 10)

Measures: Materials
 Interview guide with open ended question
 FGD(atleast 10)
 KII ( atleast 10)
 Treatment: Conformability
Chapter 3
Results and discussion
Description of experiences in recapping
of needles:
KII (key-informant-
natural Input FGD(focus group
nervous and fear discussion)
nervousness (factor CI’s
(factor CI’s presence )
threw the syringe with presence)
Shakiness of hands
out recapping
Shakiness in Painful ( got pricked)
natural and confident in
Forgetfulness to perform
Feelings during the time of recapping:

KII (key-informant-
interview) FGD(focus group
Feel panic
Fearful and stressful Nervousness because of
during rd cis presence
Shivering during rd Painfull(got pricked
Fear of pain and Confident
Easy  Easy
Knowledge of the BSN 4 participants on
the risk they may possibly exposed in
recapping of needles:
FGD(focus group
KII (key-informant-
interview) All 16 participants are
aware about the risk they
All 17 participants are
can acquire ,however pt
aware of the risk that 16 emphasizes the pain of
they may acquire(eg the needle prick injury
HIV, hepa B and C;aids) than the disease acquired
Knowledge of BSN 4 participants on
what to do after getting pricked:

KII (key-informant- FGD(focus group

interview) discussion)

Wash hands in running Wash wound and soap

water soap and apply and water
alcohol afterwards Report to CI
Report the incident to Failed to perform proper
CI recapping procedure
Suggestion of bsn 4 particpants on
recapping of needles:
FGD(focus group
KII (key-informant-
interview) Follow the guide lines on
what to do when
Proper procedure must
accidentally injured
observed Avoid washing hands
Be careful when
after procedure to prevent
muscle spasm
report to CI any Listen to ci during rd
healthcare team when Practice recapping
several times
Focus and presence of
Chapter 4

described how varied the experiences were BSN 4

students in recapping of needles

envisioned to discover the extent of the knowledge

attitude and practices of these participants in the
recapping of needles
Research question:
How do the participants describe their experiences
in recapping of needles?

 What do they know about the risk which they can

acquire from their needle stick injuries?

what actions do they propose to address their

concerns on the risk?
Method –Qualitative Research-

FGD(focus group discussion)

KII (key-informant-interview)

Participants purposively selected:

BSN 4 students in RLE 2nd sem. S. Y 2009-2010 at

DDC Finding of the study
Findings of the study:
experiences varied because of the pressure which
most of them across under a circumstances

 different in attitude towards recapping of needles

Knowledge about possible disease or blood borne

pathogens that they may acquire.

 knowledge about the measures or steps on what

to do when injured by a needle during recapping
from reading the guidelines posted in the hospital
We concluded that the difference of our
participants in experiences which were indicated in
their knowledge , attitudes and practices during and
after recapping procedure was ascribed to the kind
of training which their clinical instructor provided foe
them in rd. However most of them confessed that
their CIs had not taught them of the proper steps or
action to do when an incident of needles injury
occurred .Some would not like to report about the
Both from the KII and FGD had some ideas on
how to address the problem incurred from recapping
To college of nursing administration:

To clinical instructor :

Provide students with adequate knowledge of the

prevalence of risk to caution them to perform recapping
of needles
Must educate in mind of the students the urgency of
reporting the injury when injured
To student nurses:
must seek assistance from CI’s whenever they are
doubtful in performing recapping
Intervention scheme:
Group 5 God bless ..

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