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A Presentation By:

Anupriya Saraswat

LE CORBUSIER
Space and light and order; those are the things that
men need just as much as they need bread or a place to
sleep.

EARLY LIFE
Born as Charles-douard Jeanneret-Gris, in La
Chaux de Fonds, in Switzerland on October 6,
1887
Studied at the La Chaux de Fonds art school,
under LEplattenier, and Rene Chappallaz.
Worked under Auguste Perret in 1906
Worked under Peter Behrens in 1910

INFLUENCES UPON HIS WORK

Swiss Art Noveau

Cubism

Classical Architectural
Proportions

Fordism

Charterhouse in the Valley of


Ema

CONCEPTUAL WORK AND


PHILOSOPHIES
Purism

Domino House
Purity of
form and
composition

Open floor
plan

Emphasis
on Concept
Rejection of
the bizarre
and the
original
Nature as
the fount of
all forms

Staircase on one side of the


built form
Customizable floor space in
terms of usage

Minimal
number of
RCC
columns to
support
concrete
slabs around
the edges

THE MODULAR

An anthropometric system of scales


involving the golden ratio, the
Fibonacci sequence, and human
measurements

The red scale is based on navel


measurements (half height) and the
blue scale derives from the full height
of the man (2.240m)

Derives from the Vitruvian man

Based on the model of a six-foot tall


man standing with his hand raised

Used to derive a relationship between


the imperial and the metric system

LE CORBUSIER'S FIVE POINTS OF


ARCHITECTURE

Pilotis The replacement of supporting


walls by a grid ofRCC columns.

Roof gardens

Open floor plans

The free design of Faade

The Ribbon window

Villa Savoye-Poissy-Sur-Seine, France

Carpenter Center of the Visual


Arts-Harvard University,
Cambridge, Massachusetts

OTHER IMPORTANT FEATURES

Brise Soleil Sunbreakers

Ramps

Brut Concrit

Wide expansive piazzas

Monumental scale of buildings

Irregular fenestrations

The Open Hand La Main Ouverte

MAJOR WORKS
Unite Dhabitation
Situated near
Marseilles; also
known as the
radiant city.
Initially planned
in steel
framework;
constructed in
rough cast
concrete
Consists of 337
apartments on 12
storeys all
supported on
piloti
Gave inspiration
for brutalist
architecture

Ville Contemporaire
Proposed
on the
north bank
of seine in
Paris.
Consisted
of 16 blocks
of
cruciform
plan form
residential
blocks
made of
steel frame
and glass
curtain
walls
Designed
to house 3
million
residents

MAJOR WORKS
Chappele Notre dame du
Haut

Villa Roche

Constructed in Ronchamp,
France near the Jura mountains
Commissioned by Father
Couturier for his reformist sect
Most popular for its response to
local climate and light play

Constructed in Paris, France


Commissioned by Raoul La
Roche
Most popular for its
introduction of the architectural
promenade

MAJOR WORKS
Millowners Association
Building
Situated in
Ahmadabad
Entry through
ceremonial
ramp
The building
consists of three
floors consisting
of boardrooms,
offices and
conference halls
The faade
comprises of
symmetric sun
breakers

Swiss Pavilion
Built in Paris
for transfer
students
Entire
structure
supported on 6
massive RCC
columns
Southern
faade consists
of a
continuous
glazed curtain
wall

URBAN PLANNING-CHANDIGARH

Planned in 1948

Initially proposed by Mayer and


Novicki- Commission later
transferred to Le Corbusier for
his grid Iron Sector planning
City divided into 2 phases
Phase I with 30 sectors
(population-1,50,000) and Phase
II with 17 sectors (population3,50,000)

City plan of Chandigarh showing the


47 sectors

The entire city catered to half a


million people.

Design based on the module


system, being the Sector, of
800X1200 meters

CHANDIGARH-THE CAPITOL
COMPLEX

CHANDIGARH-CAPITOL COMPLEX
Secretariat

Build as a 254 m long concrete slab with


a height of 42 m
Made of rough cast concrete
Consists of two massive ramps which
wind on either side of the building
Entire faade consists of brise soleil

State Assembly

Built with a much more conventional square


plan form
The facades are completely symmetrical.
Front faade comprises of vertical piers
supporting a forward thrusting roof slab at 60
ft height in order to create visual prominence.

CHANDIGARH CAPITOL COMPLEX


High Court

Tower of Shadows
4 towering
brise soleil
act as piers
for the main
entrance,
concealing a
ramp within
Ground floor
is left
partially
open, with
direct access
to court
rooms from
the floor level
Faade is
independent
of internal
planning

Aligned
precisely
on the
north
south
axis
Designe
d as a
one sided
hall
Not
complete
d