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Turb

o
Engi

ne

p ro p

Yadav Khagendra
M-tech (AME)
Hindustan Univers

Introduction
A turboprop engine is a turbine
engine that drives an aircraft
propeller.
Propeller -90 percent of the total thrust.
Jet thrust -usually10 percent.
There are two basic types of turboprop
engines:
1. Single shaft
2. Free turbine

1, Single-shaft
turboprop engine

The propeller is driven by the same shaft (spool)


that drives the compressor.

2, Free-turbine turboprop engine

The propeller is driven by a dedicated turbine. A


different turbine drives the compressor; this
turbine and its compressor run at near-constant
RPM regardless of the propeller pitch and speed.

Current engines
manufacturer

Country

Application

DEMC

China

Harbin SH-5, Xi'an Y7

Europrop International

European Union

Airbus A400M

General Electric, LHTEC,


Honeywell

United States

Jetstream, Dornier

Pratt & Whitney

Canada

ATR, Bombardier,
Beechcraft, cessna

KKBM, OMKB, RKBM, Rybinsk,


Saturn

Russia

Antonov

Progress

Ukraine

Antonov

PZL

Poland

PZL M28

Rolls-Royce

United Kingdom

Lockheed Martin

Turbomeca

France

Socata TB 31 Omega

Walter

Czech Republic

Let L-410 Turbolet


UVP-E

Why use turboprop


The amount of power available for propulsion is
largely independent of the forward speed of the
aircraft, so that more power is available during the
initial stages of the takeoff run.
A slipstream is produced behind the propeller that
improves elevator and rudder control at low speeds.
The engine can be run under more efficient and
economical conditions at low and medium altitudes,
and retains these two qualities at low aircraft speeds.
Operations can be conducted from shorter runways.
fuel efficient.

Turboprop and Turbofan propulsive


efficiency

Comparison of fuel
consumption
Fuel consumption per passenger
370km stage length

Pilot salaries and fuel


costs
Airline operators are investing more money
in pilot salaries and fuel cost in jet engine
aircraft as they burn more fuel in
comparison to turboprop aircraft.

TAX
Airport tax are higher for larger aircraft
with high MTOW then the smaller aircraft
with low MTOW.

Operating costs

Bombardier Dash 8