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Aircraft

Hoses

Khagendra kumar yada


M-tech (AME)
Hindustan University

content
Hose-Introduction
HOSES :SERVICE LIVES
Hose Materials and Construction
Hose Identification
Storage of hose
Hose installation

Hose
A multiple-layered flexible conduit through which
fluid is conveyed from one point to another.

Flexible hose is used in aircraft fluid systems to


connect moving parts with stationary parts in
locations subject to vibration or where a great
amount of flexibility is needed. It can also serve as a
connector in metal tubing systems.
The hoses have been classified in two groups :
GROUP A
pressure

: Fuel, Oil, pneumatic and hydraulic


hoses.

GROUP B :

All other hoses like hydraulic return line


and instruments hoses etc.

HOSES :SERVICE LIVES


Shelf Life :
The total storage/shelf life of both types of hoses
shall be limited to 10 years from the cure date of
manufacture.
During
storage, periodic inspection should be
carried out once a year for signs of deterioration,
weather cracks, signs of corrosion on end fittings
etc. and hose pressure tested to 1-1/2 times the
working pressure every two years.
Before installation on aircraft pressure test should
be carried out at 1-1/2 times the working pressure.

Service Life :
Group A hoses max. 4 years extendable upto 6 years

Hose Materials and Construction

The two basic hose materials are synthetic rubber and


polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).

To meet the requirements of strength, durability, and


workability, among other factors, synthetics are used
in place of pure rubber. Synthetic materials most
commonly used in the manufacture of flexible hose
are Buna-N, neoprene, butyl, ethylene propylene
diene rubber (EPDM) and Teflon.

One

material which is widely used for the


manufacture of hose for engine and hydraulic
systems is polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). This
material is chemically inert, is unaffected by the
synthetic oils and fluids used in aircraft systems,
operates satisfactorily at high fluid and ambient
temperature and normally has an unlimited shelf life.

Hose Materials and Construction


Low, Medium, and High Pressure Hoses

Low pressure below 250 psi. Fabric braid


reinforcement.

Used for instruments mounted on panels equipped with


vibration isolators and the rudder.

Hose Materials and Construction


Medium pressure up to 3,000 psi. One wire
braid reinforcement. Smaller sizes carry upto
3,000 psi. Larger sizes carry pressure up to
1,500 psi.

Hose Materials and Construction


High pressure all sizes up to 3,000 psi
operating pressures.

High pressure hose assembly

Consist of an Inner tube or lining covered by one or two closely


woven wire braids, either moulded or sandwiched between the
synthetic rubber of the tube or woven on the surface of the tube.
The whole may be enclosed by an outer cover, the purpose is to
protect the other parts of the hose, to resist abrasion and the
effects of weather and in some case, to provide a degree of fire
resistance.

Hose Identification
Synthetic rubber hoses with rubber covers are
identified with the military specification number,
the size by dash number, the quarter and year of
cure or manufacture, and the manufacturers
code identification number or federal supply code
number printed along their layline(fig A). The
layline is a legible marking parallel to the
longitudinal axis of a hose used in determining
the straightness or lay of the hose.

Synthetic rubber hoses with wire braid cover are


identified by bands (fig B)wrapped around the
hose ends and at intervals along the length of the
hose.

Hose Identification

MIL-H-8794-10 3/71
(06827)

Hose Identification

Hose Identification
Sizing
The size of a flexible hose is identified by the dash (-)number,
which is the ID of the hose expressed in 16ths of an inch. For
example, the ID of a -64 hose is 4 inches. For a few hose styles
this is the nominal and not the true ID.

Cure Date
Synthetic rubber hoses will deteriorate from aging. A cure date is
used to ensure that they do not deteriorate beyond material and
performance specifications. The cure date is the quarter and year
the hose was manufactured. For example, 1/89 means the hose
was made during the first quarter (1 Jan to 31 Mar) of 1989. The
cure date limits the length of time a rubber hose can be stored,
in bulk or as an assembly, prior to being placed into service. The
storage or shelf life for rubber hose is 4 years. For the hose
manufactured in 1/89, the storage or shelf life will end on the
31st of March 1993.

Storage of hose
Aircraft hoses and hose assemblies should be stored
uncoiled and supported so as to release stresses.

Temperature : The storage temperature should be between


50 deg. F and 70 deg. F and the distance between the
stored articles and the source of heat should be more than 3
feet.

Humidity : The relative humidity in the store room should be


around 65 percent.

Light : Rubber parts should not be exposed to strong light


e.g. direct rays of sun. The store rooms should be kept as
dark as practicable.

Hose installation
Machine Tolerance

Hose assemblies must not be installed in a manner


that will cause a mechanical load on the hose.

Provide slack or bend in the hose line to provide for


changes in length that will occur when pressure is
applied.

Hose installation
Motion Absorption

Provide additional bend radius when lines are


subject to flexing and remember that the metal end
fittings are not flexible. Place line support clamps
so as not to restrict hose flexing.

Hose installation
Twisting
Observe linear stripe. The hose must not be
twisted. High pressures applied to a twisted hose
may cause failure or loosen the nut.

Hose installation
Minimum Bend Radius

Hose rupture or leakage may result from bending


too close to the hose/fitting connection.

Hose installation
Hose Strain

Relieve sharp bends, avoid strain or hose collapse,


and make cleaner installations by using Aeroquip
elbows or other adapter fittings. Provide as large a
bend radius as possible. Never use less than the
recommended minimum bend radius specified for
the hose.