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CRISIS MANAGEMENT DESIGN

ABSENTEEEISM: THE
SOLUTION TO ITS DILEMMAS
USING THE MODEL DESIGN
NO. 1
Prepared by:
GLORIA DISTRICT TEACHERS

Introduction
Absence from school and class clearly affects
the absent student, but also impacts on the
teachers ability to plan and present class work
in a sequential and organised way. This can
affect the progress of all students in the class,
not only those missing, and can complicate
classroom management

MITIGATION AND
PREVENTION
School absenteeism is an alarming
problem for administrators, teachers,
parents, and the society, in general, as
well as for the students, in particular. It
may indicate low performance of
teachers, students' dissatisfaction of the
school's services, or lack of or poor
academic and non-academic structures
or policies that address the problems or
factors influencing or reinforcing this
behavior. Parents are financially
burdened for having their children to stay
longer in the school, having to re-enroll
them in subjects where they fail due to
excessive absences

In relation to the absenteeism, the components of an intervention


include developing and implementing attendance policies;
monitoring, tracking, and recording; getting parents involved;
providing counseling and guidance; and providing relevant
curriculum or alternative programs. Research shows that
programs implemented as schoolwide improvements have
consistently been successful in reducing attendance problems.
Effective schools are student-centered and operate as: a caring
institutional and functional community, a community organization,
an experimenter and risk-taker, and a team. Provincial
governments and school boards should provide additional
resources, research opportunities, comprehensive planning,
leadership in curriculum development and organization, and
support for school-based initiatives.

First, we have to identify the


causes of absenteeism in
schools which are as
follows. Absenteeism is
caused by many factors as
such as:

1. Phobic Adolescence:
2. Lack of Interest:
3. Teacher approach:
4. Pamperness
5. Private Couching:
6. Diseases:
7. School Infrastructural Facilities:
8. Entertainment:

PREPAREDNESS
Every school as directed by their principal will identify a
team that includes the Principal, AP in charge of
attendance, or other administrator responsible for
attendance, academic counselor, dean, nurse, Pupil
Services Counselors, school police officer, teacher
(general and special education), attendance clerk, parent
representative, student representative, community
partners, and additional personnel as designated by the
Principal to develop and implement a comprehensive
plan to record, monitor, improve and maintain student
attendance.

Attendance team should meet regularly throughout the school


year.
The team should use attendance data to guide its decisions.
At the beginning of every school year (or time of enrollment),
students, parents and staff should be notified of the school-wide
attendance plan and policies.
The plan should be reviewed and updated annually and be
maintained for parents and community members use in schools
Main Office, Attendance Office, and/or Parent Center as
appropriate.
The plan should be collected and reviewed annually by the
Education Service Center (ESC)Superintendents, ESC Directors,
ESC Principal Leaders, and parents.

Attendance Goals: To align your schools


attendance to the Performance Meter, a review of
your schools attendance data can be examined
using data, insert school data in table.

Graduation Goals: To align your schools


graduation rates to the Performance Meter, a
review of your schools graduation data can be
examined

USING THE 3 TIERED APPROACH


FOR ATTENDANCE

The following guidelines will assist school staff with


implementing the Tiered Approach for monitoring and
improving attendance. Staff must then determine where
to distribute available resources to achieve the largest
attendance gains toward the goal of all students
attending at a rate of 96% or better. Effective programs
and practices must be in place at the universal,
selected, and targeted/intensive levels

UNIVERSAL (TIER I)
Begin by implementing school wide universal practices
that include:
Positive Behavior Support
Safe and Welcoming School Environment
Resiliency Building Strategies
High Quality Instruction
Recognition and Incentive Programs
Parent Engagement
Teach and encourage staff and students to be
welcoming, safe, culturally sensitive,
responsive, clean and respectful.

SELECTED (TIER II)COMPULSORY EDUCATION


"Each person between the ages of 6 and 18 years not exempted under
provision of this chapter is subject to compulsory full-time education. Each
person subject to compulsory continuation education not exempted shall
attend public full-time day school or continuation school or classes for full
-time designated as the length of the school day by the governing board
of the school district in which residence of either parent or legal guardian
is located. Each parent, guardian, or other person having control or
charge of such pupil shall send the pupil to the public full - time day
school or continuation school or classes for the full time designated as
the length of the school day.
Sample of a Tardy Policy:
Tardy #1 Teacher counsels student
Tardy #2 Student writes/draws about the importance of being on
time
Tardy #3 Parent/Guardian are contacted
Tardy #4 Student is referred to the counseling office
Tardy #5 Parent/student conference

RECOVERY

It is recommended that schools seeking to


alleviate their attendance problems study the
particular circumstances present in the school before
adopting a plan. The school must enlist the help of
parents and community agencies in the effort to
reduce the pupil absenteeism. Although absenteeism
can be viewed as an administrative problem. Many
of the causes of absenteeism begin in the individual
classroom.

Absenteeism can be remedied by providing adequate co-curricular activities


to students. It could be curbed by creating of clubs and societies to keep
students busy when they are out of class. Schools should strive to have up
to date learning facilities like libraries as well as sporting facilities to make
students enhance student retention.
Alternative programs be developed for pupils who have trouble adjusting to
the traditional structure of most schools. Educators must begin to realize the
traditional schools do not meet the needs of all pupils.
Fortunately, Philippine governments are aware of this educational problem
so they have launched the School Feeding Program which solves to the
absenteeism issues. The latest 4Ps program is also a great help to
encourage every family to send their children to school regularly.
And hopefully, may these programs be enhanced and reinforce to secure
the pupils constant interests in the school attendance.

RESPONSE
The response plan is based on the three-tier
approach used in the Preparedness to battle
absenteeism

Universal
Train school staff on the importance of attendance, on attendance data and
how
To make appropriate educational referrals to ensure student success.
Notify staff, students, and families and the community regarding
Compulsory
Education Law (distribute Opening Attendance Policy Letter, hold
assemblies/parent meetings, make announcements, post information etc.)
Communicate attendance goals and teach good attendance habits (96% or
higher attendance rate, no more than 5-7 absences for school year etc.)
Use incentives to increase and maintain good attendance
(awards/certificates, school activities,

Selected
Exhaust every effort/method available to assist at
-risk students. Review student's records, including attendance,
grades, test scores, and discipline records, to determine the most
appropriate services (change class schedule, referral to tutoring,
counseling etc.)
Compile available in-school and community resources that address
the various needs of students.
Assign a case manager (such as a PSA Counselor, academic
counselor) to coordinate, monitor, and document services offered and
services utilized for students who exhibit patterns of poor attendance,
social/emotional problems, or poor school adjustment.
Form a Coordination of Services Team (COST) that documents and
coordinates multidisciplinary student services that may include.

Targeted/Intensive
Exhaust every effort/method available to recover those students that have
dropped out-(i.e., Contact neighbors of family to find where they may have moved
to, home visits, letters, etc.)
Schools should develop strong collaborations/partnerships with their adult
schools, community colleges, skills centers, options programs, and occupational
centers.
For students not successful at a traditional comprehensive school --to inform
students and parents about available options.
Compile a list of all the educational options within the students surrounding area
along with the listed requirements.
Training:
Appropriate training is necessary to insure that all staff understands the importance of
attendance and how it is everyones responsibility. All staff including administrators,
teachers, support personnel, and classified must have a clear understanding of their
roles, and responsibilities in the areas of attendance improvement, attendance
accounting, and attendance monitoring.