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Mother Board

Advanced Maintenance Methods


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Edit By Gemi 2004.7
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No Power improper maintenance methods


Power ON Flow Of P4SQ

Figure (A)

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Power ON Flow Of P4PE

Figure (B)

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Power ON Flow Of A7V600-F

Figure (C)

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Power ON Flow Of P4V800-X

Figure (D)

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Schematic display card protection:

Principle:

In normal operation, the red light does


not shine, AGP_VOLT3V# as HIGH
Q14 Open
PSON# and PWR_PSON# Conduction.
When the Card inserted or not inserted
the wrong time, TYPEDEF# Will
become HIGH this Q15
open AGP_VOLT3V#
Will be pulled to ground into a LOW,
the red light off Q14
Closed, PSON # and PWR_PSON #
disconnected, which
Not the kind of electricity.
Figure (e)

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CPU over-temperature protection schematic diagram:

Principle:
In this figure, DXP detection
of this signal is temperature
PIN, it is connected to a
thermistor. normal working
hours, PWR_PSON # and
the PSON # is conduction,
DXP detect the CPU
temperature exceeds its
limit, Fengyun IC to Will
PWR_PSON # and PSON #
to turn off the system power
off, so to protect the CPU
overheat and burn Buzhi Yu.
Figure (f)

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Specific maintenance steps:
1.

Check 5VSB, 3VSB and PWRBTN # (3v or 5v) is OK.


Plug in the power, press PWRBTN # PSON # signal with the oscilloscope to see if it is pulled Low. If
the PSON # is pulled Low, but still can not give out ATXPOWER power, this situation is due to the
internal power supply protection circuit operation, the main reason for this situation is a part of the
motherboard or the power to ground short circuit between the short circuit. Check the motherboard for
this is mainly on the +12 V, +5 V, +3 V and Vcore are not short-circuit to ground or each other. If the
PSON # or for the High, then Next.
For the next analysis is used depends on the specific motherboard Chipset. Models below are
examples to illustrate:
P4PE (Figure II)
1. Check PWR_PSON # This line is OK. (the amount of PWR_PSON # multimeter to the graphics card
protection circuit from ATX)
2. Check PSON # whether there is action, if the action properly, check the graphics card protection
circuit is working properly.
3. PSON # if no action is issued by the South Bridge SLP_S3 # Check whether there is normally
issued, if OK, replace the ASUS chip.
4. If SLP_S3 not properly issued, the first check whether the start-32KHZ oscillator, oscillator with
voltage, but if can not afford to vibration, replace the oscillator. For non-voltage, the first two legs
Check diode oscillator value is normal, and then to the South Bridge 3VSB Check whether it is normal,
if all OK, replace the South Bridge.
5. If 32KHZ oscillator is normal, then re-check the ASUS chips issued RSMRST # This signal is
normal. If RSMRST # is OK, then you can try to replace the South Bridge. If RSMRST # is not normal,
then check the supply ASUS chip 3VSB, 5VSB, and BAT is OK, if all OK, then replace the ASUS chip.

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Specific maintenance steps:

A7V600-F (Figure III)


Check PSON # This line is OK. (Table amount of electricity from PSON # to the graphics card
protection circuit ATX)
Check protection circuit card issued PWR_PSON # whether action, if the action properly, check
the CPU over-temperature protection circuit is working properly.
Check AS-016 chips sent SUSB is normal, if OK, then check the graphics card protection circuit
is working correctly.
Southbridge issued SUSB # Check whether it is normal, and if OK, replace the AS-016 chip.
If SUSB # issued without the normal, check the supply Southbridge 32KHZ frequency, PWRBTN
# and RSMRST # these signals are normal. If you are OK, you can try to replace the South
Bridge.
If 32KHZ oscillator sluggish, you can replace the oscillator. If no normal distribution PWRBTN #
South Bridge, you can check the relevant circuit.
If the AS-016 does not normally issue RSMRST #, you can check the BATT supply AS-016 and
the 5VSB is OK, if correctly, you can replace the AS-016, or check the relevant line.

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Specific maintenance steps:

P4V800-X (shown below)


1. Check PWR_PSON # This line is OK. (the amount of PWR_PSON # multimeter to the
graphics card protection circuit from ATX)
2. Check Southbridge issued SUSB # signal is normal, if the signal is normal, you can replace
the Super I / O.
3. If the southbridge is not issued SUSB #, then check the supply of South Bridge, 23KHZ,
RSMRST # and IO_PME # is normal, three signals are OK if you can replace the South
Bridge.
4. 32.768KHZ pulse, if not, then check the relevant line.
5. RSMRST # signal if not, then check the supply of Super I / O's 5VSB and BATT is normal,
are OK if you can replace the Super I / O.
6. If IO_PME # not working properly, then look in the press PWRBTN # button, PWRBTN #
pull and pull-down signal if the action, if you can replace the Super I / O.

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00 OR FF improper maintenance methods


For FF, 00 can not boot there are several different classification of the phenomenon will be described
below (the PC-DL models as an example):
1.

Shown on all points DEBUG


The main reason for this phenomenon is not PCIRST # signal, to quickly repair this phenomenon
we must first understand the principles of the motherboard RESET signal is generated.
Below:

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00 OR FF improper maintenance methods

Specific maintenance steps are as follows:


1. to get this board first Check the motherboard's basic operating voltage, Vcore, 1.5V, 2.5V and
1.8V. If one does not check the voltage of power supply output is related to the circuit.
2. Check RSTCON # whether 3V, if not then check +3 VSB and RSTCON # diode value is
normal.
3. Check the motherboard of the fundamental frequency, supply Southbridge 14Mhz and 33Mhz.
4. Check southbridge supply the ICHPCIRST # AS-016 is normal, if normal to consider replacing
the AS-016.
5. If the southbridge is not output ICHPCIRST #, the South Bridge ICH_PWROK Check the
supply is correct, if OK, you can consider replacing the southbridge.
6. If ICH_PWROK problems, the supply of AS-016 Check the +5 V and the BATT voltage is
normal, if it is normal, replace the AS-016.

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00 OR FF improper maintenance methods


2. DEBUG card lock data are all OK after the address FF
This phenomenon is mainly for the CPU does not read the BIOS information. BIOS, there are two
connections, one to go ISA bus, LPC bus, another walk. For the PC-DL this aircraft, it is connected to LPC.
Specific maintenance steps are as follows:
1.

Check BIOS on ICHPCIRST # is OK, normal, then a +3 V voltage, the signal after pressing
the RSTCON # high to low by the sub-high.
2. Check BIOS on PCICLK_FWH is OK, normal, then you can measure with an oscilloscope
to the 33Mhz frequency.
3. Check BIOS on FWH_IC is OK, this signal is used to set the BIOS is a model which, when
high that the choice of the A / A MUX Mode (ISA architecture), is low that the FWH mode is
selected (LPC Architecture), the board in this machine through a resistor in this signals Pull
Low.
4. Check BIOS is on the FWHHINIT # OK, this is a BIOS initialization signal, normal, then you
can measure with an oscilloscope to the +3 V voltage.
5. Check BIOS on LAD0 ~ LAD3 four signals are normal, with three tables and the
oscilloscope with its two extremes and the voltage is normal.
6. If these signals are OK, as the BIOS information on the general air burning, can replace
the BIOS.

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00 OR FF improper maintenance methods


3.

CPU does not work


This phenomenon is not inserted plug CPU CPU DEBUG and run on the data card is the same.
Specific maintenance steps are as follows:
1.

First Check Vcore voltage is normal, if not OK, then check the Vcore related lines.
2. Check CPU's CPUPWROK and CPU_RST # is normal, if CPUPWROK not, then check
whether the working conditions of South Bridge OK, if all OK, you can replace the South
Bridge. If not CPU_RST #, first check the supply voltage and frequency northbridge is
normal, then check the HUB-LINK between north and south bridge line is normal, if the
signal is OK, you can replace the North Bridge.
3. Check Host Bus frequency and CPU frequency is OK.
4. Check Host Bus's GTLREF is normal, the normal voltage of Vcore voltage two-thirds.
5. Check CPU's TESTHI signal is normal, if not correct for the CPU to the CPU will not work
there.

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00 OR FF improper maintenance methods


4.

DEBUG live data files on the card

This is like the CPU has to move now, but in reading the address data file or data errors lead to the machine.
Specific maintenance steps are as follows:
1.

Check CPU of the HA [3:31] #, HD [0:63] #, HDSTBN [0:3] #, HDSTBP [0:3] # and HDBI
[0:3] # signals are those OK, mainly through the amount of Measured to determine the value
of two-body protection, for if there are Open or Short amount to the need to take the line to
determine Socket or North Bridge.
2. Check HUB_LINK between north and south bridge signal is normal. DEBUG lock step
when running, in the first time, DEBUG DATA and ADDRESS on the display is not correct,
such as: DATA: FFFFFFFF ADD: 00BFBFD0, then check these signals.
3. Check PCI interface signals AD [0:31] #, C / BE [0:3] #, FRAME #, DEVSEL #, IRDY #,
TRDY # and STOP # is OK.
4. If these signals are OK, it may be caused by bad bridge, south bridge replacement be
replaced, to replace the North Bridge.

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