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KOLKATA METRO

Submitted By:Azhar Ayyub


Ashish Pandey
Saurav Juyal
Siddharth Pathak

KOLKATA METRO
The only metro service in the country functioning directly under the Indian
Railways, the foundation for this was laid as early as 1972.
Delays due to non-availability of sufficient funds, shifting of underground utilities,
court injunctions and irregular supply of vital materials led to the commencement
of services being pushed to 1984, after which progressive construction followed
leading to the completion of the services of the entire stretch in 2005.
Kolkata faced a transport problem with only 8% of the land being available for
road transport( 25-35% available in other cities)
The metro has been quite a hit with the residents in Kolkata considering the
number of passengers which has expansively increased in the past years.
Large scale expansion projects (covering 87 kms) have now been planned and in
its modernization program.

The Kolkata Metro, run by the Indian Railways, is the


oldest underground system in India since 1984,It runs
parallel to the River Hooghly and spans the northsouth length of the city covering a distance of
22.3km.

The new proposed east west


corridor is hoped to be a big
blessing towards Kolkata traffic.
The 33km long network will
connect the other important hub
of Kolkata resulting to a better
Rapid transport system.

The most amazing aspect of the east-west connector is the rail


network will pass beneath the Hooghly river. First of its kind in India

Construction of Kolkata metro


during 1984 was a huge
challenge towards Indian
engineers. It was constructed
with the collaboration of a
Japanese company

KOLKATA METRO
RAILWAY
Number of existing lines 1
Number of stations - 24
Track gauge - Broad Gauge.
Coaches per train - 8
Maximum permissible speed - 55km/h
Average speed 30km/h
Voltage - 750 V D.C.
Travel Time - 41 minutes (approx.)
Total estimated cost of the project - Rs. 1825 crores (approx.)

KOLKATA METRO
ROUTE MAP

FUTURE PROJECTS AND


PLANS
Rs 4874.58 crores project to connect Kolkata with Howrah by an
underwater metro line .
The total length will be 14.67km (8.9km underground and 5.77km
elevated).
Metro will run under 100 ft. of Hooghly River (first underwater metro in
India).

ROLE OF METRO FOR TRAFFIC IN


KOLKATA
Growth of traffic:
The year wise number of passengers who travelled on the Metro
Railway for last 10 years.

Traffic condition before the introduction of Kolkata metro was a


havoc

Recently there has been proposal of extending the metro.


Connecting east west corridor. And another parallel line to the
north south corridor.

Traffic on road

Due to maximum cars, buses, taxis, bikes and construction on


road takes too much time to transport.

TRAFFIC IN KOLKATA:
Calcuttans are aggressive commuters, but with a sense of humour. The local and suburban
rails and buses, as well as the undergroundKolkata Metrorailway are usually packed during
office hours
. The practice of "reserving" public seats by daily passengers is widespread.Share taxisare a
common occurrence for travel to and from railway stations and such.
The practice ofcar poolsis also growing after the construction of the
Eastern Metropolitan Bypassand the emergence of the CBD inBidhan Nagar.
Another phenomenon of Kolkata traffic is the Auto- rikshaws. Auto- rikshaws or autos as they
are acronymed are small contraptions on the roads. They have three wheels, and are
extremely agile. The regulation is three passengers at back, one in front along with the driver

..
This regulation is disregarded with impunity and often six or more people get in. Autos ply
on fixed routes and the fare ranges from Rs.4 to Rs. 15, depending on the distance
covered.
Another phenomenon of Kolkata traffic is the Auto- rikshaws. Auto- rikshaws or autos as
they are acronymed are small contraptions on the roads.
They have three wheels, and are extremely agile. The regulation is three passengers at
back, one in front along with the driver.
This regulation is disregarded with impunity and often six or more people get in. Autos ply
on fixed routes and the fare ranges from Rs.4 to Rs. 15, depending on the distance
covered.

MERITS AND DEMERITS OF


KOLKATA METRO
Merits:
In short metro is a time saver simply transport system
Its is a safety transporter
Metro is faster access to different places
It solves time schedule
Demerits:
But present day Kolkata metro having some problems
Cost efficiency
Maximum capacities

THE PROBLEMS OF KOLKATA METRO


Financial viability:
The biggest problem being faced by the Kolkata Metro Railway is that it is incurring
loses, which are increasing every year. The total working expenses for 2000-01 were US
$20.12 million .

Low Ridership:
The growth of passenger traffic has been far below the estimated mark. The figure
stood at 55.8 million during 1999-2000.

Sensitive Ridership:
The commuters in Kolkata are very sensitive to the level of fare. Perhaps, it is because
of the primacy of workers in the city and other socio-economic factors. The fares for
city buses and trams are very low. In such, circumstances, it is very difficult to raise the
fares, frequently and substantially.

LATEST PROJECTS &


PLANS

1)Dum Dum- Dakshineswar Extension

The plan to extend the line in the north fromDumdumto Dakshineswar (5.2km) is under
execution. The construction of this line started in February 2010. This line has also been planned
to be extended tillBarrackpore(12.5km) in the north.
The stations on this stretch will be Ma Sarada Devi(Noapara)
Swami Vivekananda(Baranagar)
Dakshineswar
The extension toBarrackporebeyond Dakshineswar will have the following proposed stations Kamarhati
Agarpara
Panihati
Titagarh
Barrackpore

NOAPARA- BARASAT
LINK

The project to build a 18.5km long line from Noapara toBarasatviaNetaji Subhash
Chandra Bose International Airportis also sanctioned and construction work has
commenced on this stretch.
The proposed stations on this route are[-

Noapara
Dum Dum Cantonment
Jessore Road
Bimanbandar
Birati
Michael Nagar
New Barrackpore
Madhyamgram
Hridaypur
Barasat

DUM DUM-AIRPORT
LINK

This is a planned link to connect the Metro to the Airport. This route will run over a length
of 8.24km on the Up section, and 6.40km on the Down section.
The proposed stations are Up Section

Dum Dum
Noapara
Ramakrishna Palli
Shanti Nagar
Bimanbandar (Airport).
Down Section
Bimanbandar (Airport)
Jessore Road
Dum Dum Cantonment
Dum Dum

JOKA-B.B.D. BAGH LINK


A 16.72km long metro line from Joka (in extreme South Kolkata) and B.B.D Bagh (in central
Kolkata) is also under construction . It is being constructed by RVNL and the tender has gone to
Simplex Infrastructures.
The proposed stations on this route areJoka
Thakurpukur
Sakherbazar
Behala Chowrasta
Behala Bazar
Taratalla

Mominpur
Kidderpore
Hastings
Park Street
Esplanade
BBD Bag

Majherhat
The proposed Park Street and Esplanade stations won't be the same as the ones on the northsouth Metro route. The Joka-BBD Bag route will meet the north-south services at the Central
station, said a senior Metro official. This is where the upcoming East-West Metro is likely to meet
the two routes as well. Passengers can take different routes from this station

Thank