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# Design of Multi-Story

R.C. Building
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Prepared By:

430104432

430105182

430102532

Supervised By:

## Prof. Talal O. Alrefeai

Dr. Khalid S. Al-Gahtani

## Outline of the Presentation

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Introduction:
o
o
o

Overview.
Objectives.
Main design descriptions and Specifications.

## Summary of first semester:

o
o
o

Design of beams.
Design of column.

Design of slab.
Soil Bearing capacity calculation.
Design of footing.
ETABS model.
Planning and Cost Estimating:
o
o

## Cost estimation using REVIT software.

Project planning using Microsoft project software.

Introduction
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Overview:
The project is about a residential building (villa) located in

## Riyadh. The villa is consisting of two floors (ground and first

floor). It also has some rooms on the roof of the building.
The land area is 300 m2, the building area is 171 m2.
The area and the elevation of each floor are given below:

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5

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Objectives
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## The main objective of this project is to analyze and design an RC

building using hand calculation and software under the effect of dead
SBC304 (Concrete Structures Requirements), SBC304C (Concrete
Structures Commentary) and SBC303 (Soil and Foundations
Requirements).
Designing the fundamental structural elements (beam, column, slab
and footing) by hand calculations.
Creating a 3-D model of the building studied by using ETABS.
Checking the results with the results of ETABS.
Calculating the bearing capacity of the soil that is necessary for footing
design.
Estimating the cost for the building using REVIT software.
Project planning using Microsoft project software.

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## 301, 303 and 304).

The building is constructed as in-situ cast reinforced concrete
structure.
All walls are made of masonry blocks.
fc = 25 MPa & fy = 420 MPa
Floor system is flat slab with beams:
This floor system is very economical because

## the formwork is readily available, and less

reinforcement is needed. Also because there's only
a small span between each joist, the slab can be thinner.

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Minimum cover:

## The minimum cover to protect the reinforcement in concrete shall not be

less than required by Section 7.7 (SBC 304):

1.4 (DL) + 1.7 (LL)
(SBC 301-Eq. 2.3.2-2)

## Summary of first semester

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The loads were calculated based on:
o Unit weight of concrete ( c )= 24 KN/m3
o Unit weight of wall ( b )= 16.5 KN/m3
o fc = 25 MPa. fy = 420 MPa.
o Live load = 2 KN/m2
o Total SDL for roof floor = 2.8 KN/m2
o Total SDL for first floor = 2.6 KN/m2
o Total SDL for ground floor = 2.6 KN/m2

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## o Load in Slab (First Floor) = 11.74 KN/m 2

o Load in Beam #1 (First Floor) = 30.04 KN/m
o Load in Beam #2 (First Floor) = 32.668 KN/m
o Load in Slab (Roof) = 12.024 KN/m2
o Load in Beam #1 (Roof) = 30.328 KN/m
o Load in Beam #2 (Roof) = 33 KN/m
o Load on Column = 321.6 KN

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## Design of R.C. Beam #1 (First Floor) :

Reinforcement for Max. Positive Moment = 3 14

40 mm
120 mm

## Add 2 bars for stirrup

650 mm

570 mm

3 steel bars - 14 mm

200 mm

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## Design of R.C. Beam #1 (First Floor) :

Reinforcement for Max. Negative Moment = 3 14

40 mm
120 mm

3 steel bars - 14 mm

650 mm

570 mm

8 ties @ 600

200 mm

## Summary of first semester

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Design of column :
Reinforcement = 8 14
Design of Ties = 8 ties @ 200
40 mm

120 mm

8 ties @ 200

500 mm

420 mm

8 steel bars - 14 mm

200 mm

Design of slab
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## Ln = 4025 300 100 = 3625 mm

From table:
hmin = = = 109 mm
Take hmin = 140 mm
d = h cc d = 108 mm
qu = 1.4 qD + 1.7 qL = 11.6 KN

## :Check one way shear

Vu1 = qu ( d ) = 19.7 KN
VC = b d = 90 KN
VC = 67.5 KN
VC > Vu1
Safe

## :Check tow way shear

Vu2= qu ( panel area area around
column closed by bo ) = 58.2 KN
Bo = 2 * 0.3 + 2 * 0.6 = 1.8 m
Vc = 2 () bo d = 324 KN
Vc = 243 KN
Vc >
Vu2 OK

MOL = 133 KN
MOS = 98.6 KN

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:Long Span
Column strip

Mu

Rn=

Middle strip

0.6*46.55= 27.9
KN.m

## 0.25 * 86.45 = -21.6

KN.m

0.4*46.55= 18.62
KN.m

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

As

0.00125*2012.5*114 =
286.78 mm2

0.0018*2012.5*114 =
507.2 mm2

0.00613*2012.5*114
= 373.96 mm2

0.00155*2012.5*114
= 355.6 mm2

Bars
selected

710

710

710

710

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column strip

middle strip

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:Short Span
Column strip

Middle strip

Mu

## 0.25*64 = -16 KN.m

0.4*34.5 = 13.8KN.m

Rn=

MPa

MPa

MPa

MPa

As

0.0043*2012.5*102=882
mm2

0.0026*2012.5*102=547
mm2

0.0013*3162.5*102=
419 mm2

0.0011*3162.5*102=
357 mm2

Bars
selected

812

812

812

812

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column strip

middle strip

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## Bearing Capacity Calculation

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Calculation of Bearing Capacity of the Soil
Summary of SPT values:
Depth

BH-1

BH-2

BH-3

BH-4

BH-5

MAX

MIN

46

26

32

24

30

46

24

4.5

44

15

26

29

40

44

15

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Design of footing
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## Ultimate soil pressure for strength design

qu

Pu
A

321.6
4
qu 80.4 kN/m 2
qu

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Vu1 = qu hatched
area

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Reinforcements Schedules
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Reinforcements Schedules
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ETABS Model
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## Designing the building in ETABS by:

o Defining the materials.
o Defining the structural elements (column, beams, slabs).
o Creating the model.
o Check and Run the model .
o Design.

3-D Model
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Base plan
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Deflection
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Reactions
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Reinforcement
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software

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## model from ETABS, analyzing the building to get the

amount and cost of concrete, steel, and formwork
required for the structural elements on each story. Then
determining the number of labor needed in the job and
the total cost of labors. Finally adding the cost for
material with the cost for worker to get the total cost of
the building.

## Cost estimation using REVIT software

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Cost assumptions:
o Concrete cost (material+ driver+ assistance) = 200 SR/m3.
o Steel cost = 2500 SR/ton. (By multiplying the weight into

## the density of steel = 7.85 ton/m3).

o Formwork cost = 50 SR/m2.
o Formwork worker = 75 SR/day.
o Steel worker = 100 SR/day.

## Cost estimation using REVIT software

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Performance assumptions:

## No. of carpenters = 12 workers.

No. of smiths = 8 workers.
o Productivity of carpenters = 3 workers finish 7.5 m 2/day.
12 workers finish 30 m2/day.
o Productivity of smiths (Slab) = 2 workers finish reinforcing 2 m 3/day of

concrete.
8 workers finish reinforcing 8 m3/day of concrete.
o Productivity of smiths (Footing, Column, Beam) = 4 workers finish

## reinforcing 2 m3/day of concrete.

8 workers finish reinforcing 4 m3/day of concrete.

Total cost
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## tasks and activities according to their precedents.

Assuming the workdays from Saturday to Thursday, 8
hours a day. Providing limited resources to the activities.
The outcomes are:
o Gantt Chart.
o Budget report.
o Cash flow.

Gantt Chart
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Budget report
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Cash flow
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Cash flow
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Thank you
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Any Question