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Creativity Oriented

Teaching- Learning
process in Education

CREATIVE LEARNING PROCESS


MODEL-14 ELEMENTS

1. Learning by Analogy
Analogy - A comparison between one thing
and another, typically for the purpose of
explanation or clarification.

Contd..
System: Block and
spring

System: - L.C Oscillator

Elemen Energy
t

Element

Energy

Spring

Capacitor

Electric

PE=
k x2

Block

1/2
(1/c)q2

Inductor
KE=
1/2mv2

Magnetic=
1/2 Li2
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Contd..
MASS

AND HIGGS FIELD

Learning by Dichotomy
Adichotomyis a contrast between two
things.
Learning the opposite concepts.
Every knowledge in this world has two
opposing pairs: Light - darkness, good evil, zero one, matter- antimatter,
electron proton, motor- generator

7. Learning by Dichotomy
Classical & Quantum Mechanics

Quantum

Classical

Behavior of
particles and forces
in the atomic and
subatomic realm

Objects have
definite locations
and velocities, like
solar system.

Objects do not
have definite
position and
velocity.

Empty space-time
is perfectly
smooth, even if
closely examined .

All physics , except


gravity is well
described by
quantum laws

When matter and


space time are so
protean ,
equations are no
longer valid. And
end up with
mathematical
contradictions..

Throw from Tower- Quantum


mechanics - Information Loss.
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Learning by Relationship
Most of the fundamental concepts have
interrelationship
like
Electricity
and
magnetism.
So
if
learning
focus
on
these
interrelationships, it will be easy to grasp
the knowledge, by anchoring one concept
to another.

Learning by Application
It states that learning can start with
application first and knowing the basic
principles involved can follow later.

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2. Learning by Application
How A Micro wave Oven
Work ?
Why Ice float in water ?
Can You heat a wooden piece in a
microwave oven ?
How an MRI Scan work?

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Statics and Dynamics


Equilibrium of a tricycle and
bicycle.
Equilibrium of a top

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Leaning While Turning

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Learning by Bionics
Bionicsrefers to comparative study of
biological methods and systems found in
nature with the design of engineering
systems and modern technology.
Nature itself is an all revealing laboratory.

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3. Learning by Bionics
ARCHES &
BEACHES
Arches take
Compressive
Loads better
Than Tensile
Loads.
Why ?

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SHINKANSEN BULLET TRAIN

Eiji Nakatsu, a bird-watching engineer at the Japanese rail company JR-West, in


the 1990s took inspiration from the kingfisher, a fish-eating fowl that creates
barely a ripple when it darts into water in search of a meal. The trains
redesigned nose a 50-foot-long steel kingfisher beak didn't just solve the
noise problem; it reduced power use and enabled faster speeds.

Corrective Learning
If wrong concepts are captured initially,
the process of unlearning the false
knowledge will reinforce retention power
of knowledge, provided the why of what
was wrong is understood.
Corrective learning is this creative process

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4. Corrective Learning
Understanding the Concept of
Entropy.
What is Entropy ?
A. A measure of Disorder
B. It is a form of imaginary heat.
A set of diagnostic questions take
over to lead the students to the
correct answer.
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Development of Stealth
Plane

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Learning by Skepticism
This method follows Descartes method of
doubt where by he began investigation of
knowledge by considering as false
whatever w as subject to the slightest
doubt- a sure way of avoiding the error

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5. Learning by Skepticism
Is QM the ultimate theory?
No, Except general relativity.
Can it Give a unified theory?
How about Einsteins
cosmological constant?
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Diagnostic Learning
Teaching Learning Process will not be
effective, if there is no feed back system
inbuilt into the process.
Diagnostic learning enables the teacher to
discover individual misconceptions of the
students and lead them to real knowledge.
It is like a Doctor asking a patent about
symptoms of the sickness, and diagnoses
the disease for effective treatment.
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6. Diagnostic Learning
Incorporates Feed
Back System
WHAT IS MASS ?
What is mass?

It is the quantity of
matter

DQ

Quantity means Volume?


Weight?

Volume and density

DQ

More Volume, more mass?


1m3 Cotton heavier than
m3 of lead?

No

Analogy

What is density?

Mass per unit volume

Explorat
ive
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Explorative Learning
Lateral thinking is the core concept in
this element.
Alternate solutions are sought and
optimum
one
is
discovered,
by
exploration.
This journey exposes the student to
many related concepts, and reinforces
the knowledge

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8. Explorative Learning
A. Diagnostic
Q. Radio waves and visible light are part of the
electromagnetic spectrum. How radio waves
penetrate walls, while light cannot?
A. Dont know
B. Exploration:
Q1 What is electro magnetic spectrum? How does it
propagate and what are its characteristics?
Q2 How the different colors in white light maintain
its speed, in a media, even though the different
colors have different wavelength?
Q3 How atoms of solids are arranged? How is the
inter atomic space in a solid material like copper?

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Green House Effect


Is Green house effect useful ?

How ?

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Thought Experiment
For some concepts, it is very difficult to
carry out experiments physically and
prove or disprove a hypothesis.
In such cases, it is possible to imagine
certain
experiments
and
make
conclusions.
Einstein used this method many times for
developing concepts on time and space

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9. Thought Experiment

Learning by Insight
The students may take a number of
perspectives on a particular situation, until
the correct one emerges, a moment of
insight.
Finally the problem is solved, and in a
flash, the student knows what to do.

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10. Learning by Insight


Unification of Forces- Insight

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Learning by Modeling
Modeling is an imitation of reality which
can be in the physical form.
When the problem involved are too
complex, it is converted into mathematical
model or, use the mathematical model to
develop computer simulation

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11. Learning by Modeling

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Parallel Learning
Many concepts can be learned, by
studying the main characteristics in one
context and then extending the features to
other contexts.
A good example is learning motor and
generator and transformer all working on
the same principle.

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12. Parallel Learning

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Relationships
Laws of
thermodynami
cs
Conservation
of energy
Newtons 1st &
2nd
Phtosynthesis

Relates order
and disorder
2nd law of Td
?
Opposite of
combustion
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Food for thought


2nd law best
known.
Why heat pumps
tend to be more
efficient than
furnaces?
Erasing computer
memory is an
irreversible act .
So what ?

You cannot get


something for
nothing(1st law)
You cannoteven
get something
for
something(2nd
law)
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14. Learning by Symmetry


Flemings Rule: Right hand
Generator
Left hand-Motor

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Learning by Symmetry
In Einsteins theories, the creative spark
was the idea of symmetry.
Several concepts would become easy to
assimilate if symmetry, which is natures
way of engineering, is established.

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Critical Thinking

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Stimulating Questions
Why heat engines are less efficient than
Electric machines ?
How Rolling friction reduces work done ?
Why tires should be properly inflated ?
Why you must stand still on a weigh scale?
Your weight less or more at equator?
Poles ?
What is the function of fins and wings in
outer space ?
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Which tool would you use?

Conclusion
End with the Beginning:
Hope, this presentation would provide the
means to the forgotten under performers in
class rooms, by removing the shackles of
ignorance ,self pity and contempt of the society,
and embed self confidence in them , by
unleashing their creative potentials.

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