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Regulation & Control

(N4.1) PGR = Pretty Girl Relationships?

:: Objectives ::
In this topic, well learn:
(a) What is homeostasis
(b) Detoxing the body the excretory system
(c) (d) How inner plumbing *really* works
(e) (f) Zap up to life the nervous system
(g) (i) Are we that different from electrical wires?
(j) (k) Do you feel the chemistry between us?
(l) (m) Got spider senses? the hormone system
(n) Controlling the *whee* sugar high!!
(o) (r) Plants have feelings, too!!

N4

:: Objectives ::
Todays session, well learn:
N4 Plant growth regulators
(o) (r) Plants have feelings, too!!
What are plant growth regulators
Structure & function of
i) Auxin
(IAA)
ii) Giberillin
(GA)
iii) Abscisic acid (ABA)
iv) Others (cytokinin & ethene)

:: um, Pretty Girl Relationships ::

Plants have communication systems, too


Plant nervous system
Plant hormone system

:: um, Pretty Girl Relationships ::

Plants have communication systems, too


Plant nervous system
Plant hormone system

aka plant growth regulators

What are plant growth regulators (PGRs)?


aka plant _________
hormonescells
secreted by specialized
eg. ____________
move to
other cells
parenchyma
using _________
& _______________

diffusion
active transport

:: oh, Plant Growth Regulators ::


5 main PGRs
Auxin / indoleacetic acid (IAA)
~ growth of ______
& ______
roots
shoots
Cytokinin
~ growth of ______
roots
Gibberillins / gibberillic acid (GA)
~ growth of ______
Ethene
shoots
~ growth of ______
Abscisic acid (ABA)
fruits
~ _________ of growth

inhibition

:: oh, Plant Growth Regulators ::


5 main PGRs
Auxin / indoleacetic acid (IAA)
~ growth of ______
& ______
roots
shoots
Cytokinin
~ growth of ______
roots
Gibberillins / gibberillic acid (GA)
~ growth of ______
Ethene
shoots
~ growth of ______
Abscisic acid (ABA)
fruits
~ _________ of growth

inhibition

:: auxin (IAA) ::
Auxin / indoleacetic acid (IAA)
Secretion
meristem ie. _______
roots & _______
shoots
~ at _________
Direction of transport (_____________)
active transport
~ ______
away from __________
meristem
Role(s) in
Plant ~ growth of ______
roots & ______
shoots
~ apical ____________
dominance

ie. if at high [] at apical bud inhibits lateral buds

~ inhibits ________________(ABA)
abscisic acid

:: gibberellins (GA)::
Gibberellins / gibberellic acid (GA)
Secretion
~ in ___________
chloroplastof young plants
Direction of transport (_____________)
diffusion

Role(s) in
Plant ~ growth of ______ at _________
~ growth of ______ at stem
_________internode
leaf
lamina
Seed
~ breakdown of ____________
ie. if at high [] in seed breakdown aleurone
layer
endosperm
synthesize amylase breakdown starch glucose

:: abscisic acid (ABA) ::


Abscisic acid (ABA) aka ______stress
PGR
Secretion
~ in ___________ of mature plants
chloroplast
Direction of transport (_____________)

diffusion

Role(s) in
Plant ~ closure of _________
ie. if at high [] in leaf close H + & K+in channels
outside s >> GC s outside << GC
water always go from GC to outside flaccid

stomata

~ leaf ____________

ie. if at high [] in petiole close all transport nutrients


form separation & protective layer (suberin) cut off

abscission

:: In concerto!! ::
In spring, a seed sprouts from the ground
____
GA ~

breakdown of endosperm
____
IAA ~ growth of roots & shoots

:: In concerto!! ::
In spring, a seed sprouts from the ground
____
GA ~

breakdown of endosperm
____
IAA ~ growth of roots & shoots

In summer, the young plant begins to grow tall


____
IAA

~ growth of roots & shoots


____
GA ~ growth of stem & leaf

:: In concerto!! ::
In spring, a seed sprouts from the ground
____~
GA breakdown of endosperm
____~ growth of roots & shoots
IAA

In summer, the young plant begins to grow tall


____ ~ growth of roots & shoots
IAA
____ ~ growth of stem & leaf

GA

In autumn, the mature plant begins to fade


____ ~ closure of stomata
ABA
Chlorophylls cease being produced
____ ~ leaf abscission
ABA

:: Recap ::
Plant growth regulators (PGRs)
aka plant hormones
Auxin / indoleacetic acid (IAA)
~ growth of roots & shoots
Gibberellins / gibberellin acid (GA)
~ growth of stem & leaf
~ breakdown of endosperm
Abscisic acid (ABA)
~ closure of stomata
~ leaf abscission

:: Homework ::

Reading
Revision

n/a (yay!)
n/a (yay!)

:: Reference(s) ::

Jones, Fosbery, Taylor & Gregory pg. 289-292


Toole & Toole pg. 132-135
Clegg & MacKean pg. 422-433
(a lot of details; useful for additional information)