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Describing Objects,

Situations and Persons

Introduction:

In describing a person, place,


object or even a process, it is necessary to give a
clear, brief, impersonal picture of a process,
object or a person to a listener or reader. There
are three important features of description in
terms of language and they are brevity, clarity
and factual correctness.

Brevity: It is advisable to limit your words and use


one word substitutes, idioms and phrases which
directly communicate a lengthy expression. You need
to learn to avoid unnecessary and round about
description of any stage/process.
Clarity: Complete knowledge of all the details would
give clarity of thought to the speaker/writer.
Factual correctness: If you are describing any
experiment project or process, you should do it yourself
so that you are aware of the complete facts and figures
of it. Your precision in expressing factual information
will allow your reader/audience the topic better.

Different kinds of
Descriptions
Describing a situation: Describing a situation
requires good understanding of the situation. For
this, you should study and analyze the situation.
Verbs used to describe events/situations:
Begin, bend, break, burn, burst, continue, change,
crack, decrease, double, dry, empty, end, finish,
grow,, improve, increase, open, shrink, shut, split,
spread, start, stick, stop, stretch, tear, wide, give,
take, have, make, do, hold, keep, set, attack,
remove, complete, sentence, arrest, kill, target,
reject, jump, line, design, crowd, arrive, enter, fail,
receive, switch induct etc.

Describing a person: When you plan to describe a person,


you should gather as much information as you can about
him/her. The information might be regarding his nativity,
his identity, his achievements, his ideological association
and his personality depending on the context and the need.
Adjectives used to describe a person:
Fair, dark, wheatish, mixed colour, tall, short, medium-range
height, fat, thin, budging belly, bespectacled, curly hair,
long hair, short hair, wavy hair, white hair, black hair, broom
hair, dark-eyed, blue-eyed, cat-eyed, sharp nose, blunt
nose, round contour, plump, well-built, dull, pale, faint, slim,
young, elderly, middle-aged, teenage, in 40s, 50s, brighteyed, bald, shabby hair, casual clothes, smart clothes,
shabby clothes, tidy clothes, messy clothes etc.

Describing an object: Describing an object is


almost the same as describing a person. Identify
the object, its uses, its physical appearance, and
its unique features, if any.
Adjectives used to describe physical features of
an object:
Rectangular, square, rounded, oval-shaped, long,
tall, small, big, cubed, flat, straight, circular,
spherical, cylindrical, curved, conical, angular,
jagged, irregular, sloped etc.

In addition to the above, there are certain words which


are used in descriptions. They are:
Verbs related to cookery, food, etc:
Add, beat, pour, loosen, cook, flow, furnish, heat,
leave, set, slip, fold, grasp, allow to set, serve, bake,
boil, defrost, fry, melt, roast, simmer, thicken, balance,
move, rest, san d, steady, turn, put, come, sprinkle,
blend, remove, chill etc.
Adverbs used to show the position:
Diagonally placed, in front of, behind, below, beneath,
at the end of, near, nearest, above, at the edge, at the
covering, outer and inner circle, proximity, parallel,
vicinity, horizontal, vertical, away, etc.

Verbs related to Science and Technology:


Discharge, charge, vaporize, connect, lsupply, use,
fill, ignite, incorporate, switch, extinguish, cool,
interrupt, induce, develop, combine, emit,
maintain, innovate, fit, make, discover, mock,
trace, rotate, scan, code, encode, display,
transport, deviate, travel, bounce, recognize,
precipitate, transmit, service, fluctuate, indicate,
reduce, register, receive, insulate, attract, repel,
glide, activate, install, locate, operate, instruct,
express, elevate, locate, condense, expand, swing,
break, result, blow, record, extend, intensify, etc.

For additions and listing:


Again, and, or, also, besides, further, moreover,
next, indeed, in fact, then, and then, finally, eitheror, neither-nor, furthermore, over the time, add,
since then, while, both, whether, because, so that,
such that, for, as prefer to, the more, therefore, etc.
For contrasting comparison:
But, yet, still, however, though, unless, although, if,
instead, nevertheless, only, even then, on the other
hand, in contrast, like, similarly, likewise, in
accordance with, in the same way, than, as,
resemble, as-so, just-as, contrary to, etc.

For Time relations:


After, before, till, until, since, while, when, at last, at
length, as soon as, afterwards, at that time, meanwhile,
after a short time, during that time, for, by, from, to, etc.
For generalization and conclusion:
In short, in brief, generally, in a word, to sum up, in a nut
shell, as a rule, in all, on the whole, to summarize, to
conclude, in conclusion, altogether, all in all, on the
whole, therefore, hence, thus, so, otherwise,
consequently, accordingly, as a result, as a matter of
fact, as a thumb rule, moreover, etc.

Activity
Activity one:
Describe an accident you have seen.
Activity Two:
Describe Dr. Abdul Kalam to a foreign tourist.
Activity Three:
Describe a laptop.