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GREECE (OA)

Kalos ilthate stin Ellada

PROFILE
Country located in south-eastern Europe.
Population is around 10.8 million.
Athens is the nations capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki, which is
commonly referred to as the co-capital.
Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 11th
longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km (8,498 mi) in length, featuring a vast
number of islands.
The nation state of Greece was established in 1830 following the war of independence
from the Ottoman Empire, although its roots go back to the civilization of Ancient
Greece, which is considered the cradle of all Western civilization. As such, Greece is
the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western
literature, historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical
principles, and Western drama, including both tragedy and comedy.

The cultural and technological achievements of Greece have greatly influenced the
world, having been imparted to the East through Alexander the Great's conquests, and
to the West via incorporation into the Roman Empire
and subsequent Byzantine Empire.
The cultural and technological achievements of Greece have greatly influenced the
world, having been imparted to the East through Alexander the Great's conquests, and
to the West via incorporation into the Roman Empire and subsequent Byzantine Empire.
Greece is a democratic and developed country with an advanced high-income
economy, a high quality of life and a very high standard of living.
Greece is one of the worlds largest shipping powers and top tourist destinations,

Geography
Greece borders the Aegean Sea, Ionian

Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between


Albania and Turkey
The entire nation is approximately the
size of Alabama
Greece is mostly mountainous with
ranges extending into the sea as
peninsulas or chains of islands, with over
13,676 km
The weather is temperate with mild, wet
winters and hot, dry summers
Because of the miles of gorgeous
coastline and ideal weather, Greece
serves as an ideal vacation spot for many
Europeans and a few lucky tourists. The
country also has more than 2,000 islands,
of which 170 are inhabited.
4

TOURISM
An important percentage of Greeces national income comes from tourism. Tourism
funds 16% of the gross domestic products which also includes the Tourism Council
and the London-Based World Travel. According to Eurostat statistics, Greece welcomed
over 19.5 million tourists in 2009, which is an increase from the 17.7
million tourists it welcomed in 2007. The vast majority of visitors in Greece in 2007
came from the European continent, numbering 12.7 million, while the most visitors from
a single nationality were those from the United Kingdom, (2.6 million), followed closely
by those from Germany

In 2010, the most visited region of Greece was that of Central Macedonia, with 18% of the
countrys total tourist flow (amounting to 3.6 million tourists), followed by Attica with 2.6
million and the Peloponnese with 1.8 million. Northern Greece is the countrys most
visited geographical region, with 6.5 million tourists, while Central Greece is second with
6.3 million. In 2010, Lonely Planet ranked Greeces northern and second-largest city of
Thessaloniki as the worlds fifth best party town worldwide, comparable to other cities
such as Dubai and Montreal. In 2011, Santorini was voted as The Worlds Best Island in
Travel + Leisure. Its neighbouring island Mykonos, came in fifth in the European category.
23 million tourists visited Greece throughout 2014, a record for Greek tourism.

TRANSPORTATION
Since the 1980s, the road and rail network of Greece has The Rio
Antirrio bridge (Charilaos Trikoupis) connects mainland Greece to the
Peloponnese.
been significantly modernized. Important works include the A2 (Egnatia
Odos) motorway, that connects northwestern Greece (Igoumenitsa) with
northern and northeastern Greece (Kipoi); and the RioAntirrio bridge,
the longest suspension cable bridge in Europe (2,250 m (7,382 ft) long),
connecting the Peloponnese from Rio (7 km (4 mi) from Patras) with
Antirrio in Central Greece. Important projects that are currently
underway include, the conversion of the GR-8A, connecting Athens with
Patras and further towards Pyrgos in the western Peloponnese, into a
modernised motorway throughout its length (scheduled to be completed
by 2014); upgrading unfinished sections of motorway on the A1,

The Athens Metropolitan Area in particular is served by some of the


most modern and efficient transport infrastructure in Europe, such as
the Athens International Airport, the privately run Attiki Odos motorway
network and the expanded Athens Metro system. Most of the Greek
islands and many main cities of Greece are connected by air mainly
from the two major Greek airlines, Olympic Air and Aegean Airlines.
Maritime connections have been improved with modern high-speed
craft, including hydrofoils and catamarans. Railway connections play a
somewhat lesser role in Greece than in many other European countries,
but they too have also been expanded, with new suburban/commuter
rail connections, serviced by Proastiakos around Athens, towards its
airport, Kiato and Chalkida; around Thessaloniki, towards the cities of
Larissa and Edessa; and around Patras. A modern intercity rail
connection between Athens and Thessaloniki has also been established,
while an upgrade to double lines in many parts of the 2,500 km (1,600
mi) network is underway. International railway lines connect Greek

CLIMATE

The climate of Greece is primarily Mediterranean, featuring mild, wet


winters and hot, dry summers. This climate occurs at all coastal locations,
including Athens, the Cyclades, the Dodecanese, Crete, the Peloponnese,
the Ionian Islands and parts of the Central Continental Greece region. The
Pindus mountain range strongly affects
the climate of the country, as areas to the west of the range are
considerably wetter on average (due to greater exposure to southwesterly systems bringing in moisture)
than the areas lying to the east of the range (due to a rain shadow
effect).
The mountainous areas of Northwestern Greece (parts of Epirus, Central
Greece, Thessaly, Western Macedonia) as well as in the mountainous
central parts of Peloponnese including parts of the regional units of
Achaea, Arcadia and Laconia feature an Alpine climate with heavy
snowfalls. The inland parts of northern Greece, in

ACTIVETOURISMGREECE The Product Synopsis


The most popular destination for Active Holidays:
Crete island, Athens-Attica, all Greek islands, Ancient Olympia, Messinia, Pelio peninsula,
Halkidiki peninsula
The most popular Sporting Activities during Active Holidays:
Walking, Hiking, Trekking, Running, Cycling, Mountain Bike, Scuba Diving, Snorkelling,
Windsurfing, Kitesurfing, Water Sports, Beach Sports
Sporting Events and Races to participate:
Running Races (Marathons, Half Marathons), Triathlon races, Cycling races, Water Sports
races, Sailing events (Aegean Regatta), Beach Volley tournaments
Wellness:
SPA facilities, Thalassotherapy, Sauna, Massage treatments, Yoga, Meditation,
Body Fitness, Pilates

Leisure and Entertainment Activities:


Cruises at the Greek islands, theatrical and music events, swimming at the sea waters,
games at the sandy beaches, night walks nest to the coast, dancing at clubs and bars,
learning Greek dances, shopping at local markets, Greek cuisine
Tours for Active Travelers:
Ancient stadiums, like ancient Olympia, ancient Messene, Delfi, Nemea. Castles and
museums. Mountain trails and paths. Forest. Sites with ecological interest. Coastlines.
Traditional villages. Rural areas, like olive oil trees. Wineries. Thematic parks, water
parks, Golf clubs, Sporting facilities
Accommodation and Food Habits:
A) They use to stay at hotels and resorts with high quality services, like wellness, spa,
gym, pools, scuba diving station, water sports, beach sports, bike station, etc.

B) They prefer also, small hotels and apartments at mountain areas, not busy but close to
nature environment, using outdoor activities, mountain bike tours, hiking tours, etc
C) Food is very crucial for the active profile travelers. They prefer healthy cuisine,
Mediterranean diet, and Greek foods like fish, vegetables, fruits, olive oil, wine, cheese
Activities to Participate during your holidays:
Tours and visits at Natura protected places, watching wild animals, like sea turtles, birds
and deer. Seminars organized by NGOs. Volunteer actions organized by local
communities, like cleaning the beaches or the forests. Charity events

List Of Airlines Of GREECE


This is a list of aircraft operators which are licenced by the Hellenic Civil
Aviation Authority

Works cited
http://www.wikipedia.html
http://www.greek-culture.org/greek/history.asp
http://www.heritage.org/Index/Country/Greece
http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Europe/Greece.ht
ml
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gr
.html
http://www.greeklandscapes.com/travel/information.html
http://www.heritage.org/Index/Country/Greece
http://www.diversicare.com.au/upl_files/file_16.pdf
http://
www.in2greece.com/blog/2008/01/modern-greece-culture-greek-to
urism.html

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