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Thursday, October 28th 2004

ENGR 111 9.2

Sectioned Views

MR S.SOOGY

Learning Objectives
List and recognize by name; symbol; and ANSI number
these materials:
- Cast Iron
- Steel

- Aluminum
- Zinc

- Brass, Bronze,
or Copper

Identify a drawing as being a:


- Full Section
- Half Section

- Offset Section
- Revolved Section
- Broken-Out Section - Removed Section

Given an orthographic view; draw section views:


- In Pencil or

- In AutoCAD

Use revolutions and partial views (as conventional


practices) to construct sectional views of an object.
List the parts of a drawing which do not get
crosshatched, even if the cutting plane passes through
them.
Sketch a cutting plane for any of the sections listed
above

MR S.SOOGY

Readiness Assessment Test 9.2.1


Individually answer the following
questions. You will be given 2
minutes:

MR S.SOOGY

Readiness Assessment Test 9.2.1


Individually answer the following
questions. You will be given 2
minutes:
List 4 types of sectional views.

MR S.SOOGY

Team Discussion Item


As a team, discussing the following
question:
What is the purpose of sectional
views?

MR S.SOOGY

Purpose of Sections
Show internal detail
Replace complex
orthographic views
Describe materials
in an assembly
Depict assembly of
parts

MR S.SOOGY

Sectioning Practices
Different parts at different angles
Hatch spacing of about 1/16-1/8
Cutting plane line .020 wide (bold)
Section or hatch lines -- thin .007
Visible lines -- wide .015
Not parallel or perpendicular to
boundary
MR S.SOOGY

Sectioning Practices
When sectioning
an assembly of
several parts,
draw section lines
at varying angles
to distinguish
separate parts.

MR S.SOOGY

Most common
ANSI Material Patterns
ANSI No.
Name
ANSI 31 -- Cast Iron, General
ANSI 32 -- Steel
ANSI 33 -- Brass, Bronze,
Copper
ANSI 38 -- Magnesium,
Aluminum
Earth
MR S.SOOGY

Pattern

What is ANSI?

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Available Hatch Patterns in


AutoCAD

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Cutting Plane

CUTTING PLANE LINE

The sight arrows at


the end of the cutting
plane are always
perpendicular to the
cutting plane.
Line thickness of the
cutting plane is the
same as the visible
object line.
The direction of the
arrow indicates the
line of sight.
MR S.SOOGY

Types of Sections..Fig #:
Broken-out section6.3
Conventional breaks.6.4
Full section..6.5
Half section..6.8
Revolved section..6.10
Removed section..6.11
Offset section....6.12
(See Essentials of Engineering Design Graphics by Vinson for figure references)
MR S.SOOGY

Full Section
Cutting plane
passes through
entire object
Hidden lines are
omitted
Visible lines
behind the
cutting plane must
be shown

MR S.SOOGY

Individual Exercise (7 min)


Sketch a full

section of the object shown below

MR S.SOOGY

Individual Exercise (7 min)


Were you correct ?
What material (hatch

pattern) did you use?

MR S.SOOGY

Half section:

CUTTING PLANE LINE

A quarter of assembly removed


Half of view is cross-hatched

ALL hidden lines may be omitted


Center line divides halves
Center line remains only if associated feature
is sectioned
MR S.SOOGY

Offset section:

CUTTING PLANE LINE

Bend the cutting plane to show more


features

MR S.SOOGY

Offset section:

CUTTING PLANE LINE

Sectional view does not denote location


of offset

MR S.SOOGY

Revolved section:
Show cross- sections by rotating sections 90o
The section view stays on the object.

MR S.SOOGY

Removed section:
Removed sections are offset from the object.

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Broken out section:


Used to section a small portion of the object
Does not modify the rest of the view

MR S.SOOGY

Conventional Practices
Conventional practices are
accepted drawing techniques that
violate the rules of orthographic
projection
They are designed to simplify
orthographic drawing of complex
features.

MR S.SOOGY

Aligned Parts:
Arms

Lugs

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Aligned Parts:
Ribs & Holes

Single Arm

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Parts Not Sectioned.


Dont crosshatch (even though the
cutting plane may pass thru them):
Ribs, webs, spokes
Thin parts like gaskets
Ball bearings, roller bearings
Most vendor items:
Bolts
Nuts

Washers
Screws

MR S.SOOGY

Shafts
Pins

Partial Views
Use partial views to conserve space
Which half depends on whether you
section the view or not.

MR S.SOOGY

Conventional breaks:
.For extremely large parts

MR S.SOOGY

Crosshatching in AutoCAD
AutoCAD can
apply a given
pattern to fill
an area
The area must
be a closed
area
To fill the area
use the
BHATCH
command.
MR S.SOOGY

Stop and relax

MR S.SOOGY

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