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RPMO introduction

Base concept

RPMOReal-time Performance Monitoring.

an OSS feature
Fetch the data, process and export real-time information about the
network or cell behaviour.


The R-PMO collects all the cell related measurements data at

regular intervals for defined duration and pass this information to
OSS for presentation.
The R-PMO provides the radio network optimizer with presentation
of quality and traffic related monitors in real time.
The R-PMO can be used for fast reaction to suspected problems
and thus help in troubleshooting.
The R-PMO offered several types of reports.

R-PMO Architecture
R-PMO is one of function within OSS.







OSS RC1.1 (Radio & Core) and above versions.

R-PMO Feature installed in OSS.
Activation of RTED (Real Time Event Data) Feature in BSC to
enable recordings.
BSC with STOC (Signaling Terminal for Open Communication)
Feature. This functionality enable communication from BSC to
RPMO. This would additionally required a physical cable from
An IP address to communicate OSS and BSC.
To Support RTED, One Dedicated RPG3 (AXE 810) or RPG2E
(BYB501) is required
RTED in not supported in Mixed (BYB202-BYB501) combination

Get Started with R-PMO

Step 1

Step 2

Go to GSM RNO tools

Step 4

Click on Performance

Step 3

Go to OSS Network
Explorer on Common
Desk Environment of

Select R-PMO
This window will appear

System Defined Reports for

Network Analysis

Circuit Switched Reports

TCH Traffic Report

Quality Report
TCH Drop Report
TCH/SDCCH Handover
SDCCH Traffic Report
Multi Band Cell Report

Packet Switched Reports

Report Data Related
Report Performance
Release Report
GPRS/EGPRS Multislot
Utilization Report

---TCH drops Report

GUI interface in R-PMO

---Main window

The Main window in R-PMO

shows the activated system
defined Report

GUI interface in R-PMO

---Table window

In R-PMO Table window

The report is updated

every minute
N/A means data Not
The user can select
between 1 minute up to
60 minutes(1,15,30 or
Data is only shown for
one hour and only
saved for one hour
The columns and data
can be sorted in the way
that the user wants

GUI interface in R-PMO

---Graph window


The graph window views one

graph for each monitor
(window) and the selected
cells appears in every graph
with the same color.
The graph can be paused.
The user can Drag and Drop
cells and monitors into the
The graph has the same
resolution as the table
window had when the graph
was opened.

Set handler in R-PMO

Cell sets are created using

the Set Handler available
from the R-PMO main
Cells can then be added to
and removed from cell sets
by using the Set Handler.
When a cell set is deleted all
reports that belong to the set
will automatically be


Report Customization in R-PMO

Create User Defined Report

Combining the Reports in

One Report


click on Report icon

from the menu bar and
select subtitle New user
report definition.

User can select different

parameters from two
reports and combine into
one report

Out Put for Post-Processing

---REDE (Raw Event Data Export)

This function is used for

storing any events and
measurements that are
provided by the R-PMO , in a
file. The format of the file can
be tab separated or XML
The format of the file can be
tab separated or XML
Post processing tool for RPMO out put is Tems


Out Put for Post-Processing

---R-PMO Event Log


This is simple XML file,

generated by R-PMO after
collecting the events and
measurements for the a
particular cell set for analysis
very similar to Layer-3
Message analysis

Further Developments
RTED (Real Time Event Data)
Enabling improved functionality in R-PMO:

Add RXQUAL for CHGR level

Improved monitoring of GPRS/EDGE separately
Improved event monitoring capacity
Support for monitoring new features:
Dual Transfer Mode
Mega BSC 2000 TRXs
Extended Dynamic Allocation


Limitation Observed
Below are some dimensioning or application issues
related to R-PMO.
There is no provision of scheduling of reports for userdefined time; it gives the results only as and when R-PMO
The R-PMO Configured, BSC processor load, on an
average can be increased by 5-7%.
The load on the OSS server is going to be higher side.
The number of users on the application server in the OSS
should be restricted, as the application server loading will
increase by apprx.10%.


Conclusion and reference

R-PMO is very useful tool to analyze nearly online
performance of the network. This is also very useful to
see affects of any changes made in the network in very
short time.
The following document for your reference and help
you analyze the network performance.
R-PMO Us er
des cription R12

R-PMO monitor
des cription


Typical case
Here is a typical case which using R-PMO to analyze
the network performance.


Typical case
From the R-PMO data, we can see N_14012 have 70%
drops which cause by Low SS. Then we can check the
monitor description and find out which Low SS drop it
belongs to.
For other 30% Bad Quality drop, we also can analyze
which kind of BQ it belongs to according to the drop
cause value.


Monitor name
TCH Drop (%)
TCH Drops (#)
Low SS (%)

Bad Q (%)

Excessive TA

Drop Cause


Drop Cause

3-Low SS Both Link

4-Low SS Down Link
5-Low SS Up Link

Drop Cause

6-Bad RxQual Both Link

7-Bad RxQual Down Link
8-Bad RxQual Up Link


100-Low SS BL TCH FR
101-Low SS BL TCH HR
102-Low SS BL, Overlaid Subcell TCH FR
103-Low SS BL, Overlaid Subcell TCH HR
104-Low SS DL TCH FR
105-Low SS DL TCH HR
106-Low SS DL, Overlaid Subcell TCH FR
107-Low SS DL, Overlaid Subcell TCH HR
108-Low SS UL TCH FR
109-Low SS UL TCH HR
110-Low SS UL, Overlaid Subcell TCH FR
111-Low SS UL, Overlaid Subcell TCH HR

114-Bad Q BL TCH FR
115-Bad Q BL TCH HR
116-Bad Q BL, Overlaid Subcell TCH FR
117-Bad Q BL, Overlaid Subcell TCH HR
118-Bad Q DL TCH FR
119-Bad Q DL TCH HR
120-Bad Q DL, Overlaid Subcell TCH FR
121-Bad Q DL, Overlaid Subcell TCH HR
122-Bad Q UL TCH FR
123-Bad Q UL TCH HR
124-Bad Q UL, Overlaid Subcell TCH FR
125-Bad Q UL, Overlaid Subcell TCH HR

87-Excessive TA TCH FR
88-Excessive TA TCH HR
1-Excessive TA