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Manual Robotics

By:Shashwat Singh
RoboVITics(The Official Robotics Club
Of VIT)

Contents
Intro to Robots
Differences between manual and

autonomous bots
Components of a Robot
Motors
Switches
Inside DPDT Switches
Types of Drive
Hands-on Assembling
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Difference b/w Manual and Auto.

Robots

Autonomo
us
Manual

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MANUAL ROBOT

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Basic parts of a robot


Chassis To provide a frame for the robot
Motors Locomotion
Other Circuits Motor Drivers etc.
Batteries
Wheels
Switches
Rainbow wires
Side clamp

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CHASSI
S

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MOTORS

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Rainbow wires

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Basics of a Electric Motor

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Armature of a DC Motor

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Operating Principle of a DC Machine

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A Two Pole DC Motor

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High torque
dc motor

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lateral view

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Top view

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Brushless dc motor

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Stepper

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SERVO MOTOR

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What is a Switch..??

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Switches

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What Are Poles and Throws in


Switches
Pole-It means input circuit
Throw-It means output circuit

Pole

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Throw

SPST(Single Pole Single Throw)


Switches

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SPDT(Single Pole DoubleThrow)


Switches

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(DPST)Double Pole Single


Throw
Double pole means that it contains 2

switches or nodes side by side which can


be toggled by a single toggle or lever

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DPDT(Double Pole Double


Throw) Switches

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Drive

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Types of Drive
Steer Drive:Differential Drive

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Locomotion Of Bot

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To turn the robot LEFT or RIGHT, wheels


are rotated at "different" speeds or in
different directions.

MOTIO
N

LEFT
WHEEL

RIGHT WHEEL

Right
Turn

Forward

Backward

Left Turn

Backward

Forward

Forward

Forward

Forward

Backwar Backward
Backward
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Official Robotics Club Of
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Radial rotation and Spiral Rotation

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Axial Rotation

ICC -Instantaneous Center of


Curvature
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Increasing the speed of


the BOT

If you want to make a speedy robot,


then a
wheel of a relatively large diameter
should be used. This is because the
motor gives a fixed rpm and to
increase the linear speed, we need to
increase the diameter. Since v=*r,
where = angular velocity (rpm) , v =
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linear
velocity and r = radius. So, to
VIT)

L clamp

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U clamp

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U clamp attachment

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