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A PRACTICAL TRAINING SEMINAR

ON
SURATGARH SUPER THERMAL
POWER STATION

SUBMITTED TO
Mrs. RIDA QURESHI
Mr. MANISH
NAULAKHA

PRESENTED BY:
MUKESH KUMAR
VII SEM. (ELECTRICAL ENGG.)
11ESKEE066

CONTENTS
1. Introduction
2. Land
3. Water conducting system
4. Block diagram of thermal power plant
5. Boiler
6. Economizer
7. Super heater and Reheaters
8. Air preheaters
9. Turbines
10. Condenser
11. Coal and ash handling plants
12. Generator

Introduction

1. Suratgarh thermal power station is the first super


thermal power Station of Rajasthan with total
installed capacity of 1500 MW.
2. Suratgarh super thermal power station is located
27 km away from Suratgarh town in
Ganganagar Dist. on the left bank of IGNP at Up
Stream of Suratgarh Barrage.
3.This station is operated and maintained by Rajasthan
Vidhyut Utpadan Nigam Limited.

S.S.T.P.S. is designed in six stages


STAGE I - 1x250 MW
STAGE II - 1X250 MW
STAGE III - 1X250 MW
STAGE IV - 1X250 MW
STAGE V
1X250 MW
STAGE VI - 1X250 MW
STAGE VII1X660MW(Under construction)
STAGE VIII1X660MW(Under construction)
Total Power Generation - 1500 MW

LAND :
Total Land
5020
BIGHA
Plant Area
3810
BIGHA
Colony Area
431
BIGHA
Railway Site
425
BIGHA
Water conducting 354
BIGHA
system

WATER CONDUCTING SYSTEM:


a) Length of Intake Canal =

1.6 Km

b) Capacity of each Decilting Pump =


3.14 Kw*3(30M/Hr.)
c) Intake Pump House =
90 Kw*6(1250M/Hr.)Each Pump
d) Raw Water Pump House =
7 lacks M

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THERMAL POWER


PLANT

BOILE
R

BOILER PARAMETERS:Height of boiler


60 meters
Height of chimeny
220 meters
Foundation depth
8.5 meters
Furnace Depth
11506 meters
Furnace Width
15.240
meters
Total Water Flow
780.5 T/Hr.
Steam Flow
740.8 T/Hr.
Steam Temperature
540C
Coal Requirement for 250MW
160 T/Hr.
Primary Air for pulverized fuel
268.4 T/Hr.
Secondary Air for ignition (Combination) 647.0 T/Hr.
Total Air
915.5 T/Hr.
Steam Pressure
156 Kg
/cm

Economizer
Flue gases coming
out of the boiler
carry lot of heat.
An economizer
extracts a part of
this heat from flue
gases and uses it
for heating feed
water. This use of
economizer
results in saving
coal consumption
and higher boiler
efficiency

Super heater and Reheaters

Super heater :

Super
heater
is
acomponent
of
a
steam-generating unit
in which steam, after it
has left the boiler
drum, is heated above
its
saturation
temperature

Reheater :Some of the


heat of superheated
steam is used to rotate
the turbine where it
loses some of its
energy

Air preheaters
After flue gases leave economizer, some further
heat can be extracted from them and used to
heat incoming heat. Cooling of flue gases by 20
degree centigrade increases the plant efficiency
by 1%.
Air preheaters may be of three types
Plate type
Tubular type
Regenerative type

TURBINE
In a Thermal Power Plant generally 3 turbines are used to increase
the efficiency.

.High Pressure Turbine(HPT): The superheated steam is directly

fed to this
turbine to rotate it.
Intermediate Pressure Turbine(IPT): The out put from the HPT is
reheated In a reheated(RH) and used to rotate IPT .
Low Pressure Turbine(LPT): The Exhausted steam from the IPT is
directly
fed to rotate the shaft of LPT.
Super
Heater

Steam
Shaft

HPT
HPT
RH

IPT
IPT

LPT

LPT
Steam

Condenser

Generator

High pressure turbine: The HP turbine consists of 25


reaction stages. The moving and stationary blades are
inserted into appropriately shapes into inner casing and the
shaft.
Intermediate pressure turbine: The steam from HP
turbine after reheating enters the inner casing from above
and below through two inlet nozzles.
The IP turbine consists of 20 reaction stages per flow. The
moving and stationary blades are inserted in appropriately
shaped grooves in shaft and inner casing.
Low pressure turbine: Steam admitted to LP turbine
from IP turbine flows into the inner casing from both sides
through steam inlet nozzles.

TURBINE SPECIFICATION
HP turbine having 25 Blades &
Single flow.
IP turbine having 17 Blades &
Single flow.
LP turbine having 8 Blades&
Double flow.

et/Outlet Pressure And Temperature


1. H P Turbine Steam Inlet/outlet pressure
-150 Kg/Cm/39.69 Kg/Cm
A inlet/outlet Temperature
- 537*C/346*C
2 . I P Turbine Steam Inlet pressure
- 35.64 Kg/Cm
a. Outlet pressure
- 6.83 Kg/Cm
b.Exhaust Temp.
- 305*C
3. LP Turbine Steam Inlet pressure
- 6.83 Kg/Cm
a.Exhaust Temp.
- 49*C

MOVING BLADES

Inlet Guide Vanes

FIXED BLADES

Rotor Layout

CONDENSER
The condenser does the job of condensing the steam exhausted from
turbine.

Steam after rotating


steam turbine comes
to condenser.
Condenser refers
here to the shell and
tube heat exchanger
(or surface
condenser) installed
at the outlet of every
steam turbine in
Thermal power
stations of utility
companies generally.

Condenser Used In S.S.T.P.S.


In S.S.T.P.S. surface condenser is used.
A surface
condenser consists of an airtight cylindrical shell having
a chamber at each end. Water tube extends between the
chambers. The shell is made of welded steel plate
construction and the tubes are made of copper zinc alloy.
Cooling water flow through the tubes. The steam is
admitted from the top and gets condensed due to contact
with the tube surface. The condensate leaves from the
bottom. For efficient operation, the temperature rise in the
cooling water passing through the condenser should be
around 10degree C.

COAL & ASH HANDLIG PLANT


1. COAL HANDLING PLANT (CHP)

The function of CHP is automatic feeding of coal


to the boiler furnace. The coal is transported to the
power station by rail. One rail (rack) consists of 58
or 59 boxes with 60 70 tones coal loaded in each
box. There are 6-7 racks of coal are used.About
18000 tonnes coal required per day for whole unit.

e main equipments of CHP are:


1. Wagon trippler: - A tripler is a equipment that is used for unloading the
coal from box by lifting and tilting the box.
2. Side arm charger: - It is used for pushing or carrying the loaded or empty
boxes.
3. Conveyors: - Different sized and diff. Capacity conveyors are installed for
feeding the coal from Tripler to bunkers.
4. Crusher: - Crushers are provided for crushing the coal in desired sizes.
5. Primary crusher
:
2
6. Secondary crusher
:
8
7. Stacker cum re-claimer :
2
8. Stacker/Reclaimer: - The stored coal is stacked or reclaimed by the
stacker/reclaimer.
9. Bunkers: - Crushed coal is led to the mills via canonical shaped bunkers.
10. Coal feeders: - Coal feeder delivers the coal from the bunkers to the mill.
11. Pulverization of coal:- Pulverizing mills In modern TPSs coal is
pulverized i.e. ground to dust likesize. Pulverization is a means of
exposing a large surface area to the action oxygen and consequently
helping the combustion. mill used for one unit in which one standby. Mill
is 4.7met in dia. &7.2 met in length.

Overview of coal
Raw coal from
To SSTPS from gudla
handling
plant
bharat
coal ltd.
Dhanbad &
bilaspur(MP)

bunkers

Raw coal
feeders

via a single railway


track

Crusher house

Coal mills
(pulverization)

Boiler furnace ( tangential firing


of pulverized coal)

Wagon
tippler

hoppers

eful Heat Value Of Different Grade Of Coa


GRADE

U.H.V

>6200 Kcal/kg

5600-6200 kcal/kg

4940-5600 kcal/kg

4200-4940 kcal/kg

3360-4200 kcal/kg

2400-3360 kcal/kg
U.H.V = 8900138[A+M]
Where A=% of ash
M =% Inherent
moisture

2. ASH HANDLING PLANT (AHP)


Coal contains a considerable amount of ash. The
percentage of ash in the coal varies from about 5% in good
quality coals to about 40% in poor quality coals.
Generally poor quality coal is used in steam power plant,
so the plant produces hundred tones of ash daily.
For removal of ash from the boilers and its disposal to the
suitable site is quite difficult.
Ash handling comprises the following operation:
1. Removal of ash from the furnace ash hoppers.
2. Transfer of ash to a fill or storage
3. Disposal of stored ash.

In S.S.T.P.S. Hydraulic System Is Used


For Ash Handling.

Hydraulic system:
In this system stream of water carries
ash along with it in a Closed channel and disposes it of
to the proper site. This is the healthy clean dustless and
completely enclosed system.
In this system the hoppers below the
boilers are fitted with water nozzles both at the top and
on sides. The top nozzles quench the ash while the side
ones provides the driving force for the ash. The ash and
water then flow along a trough to a receiving hopper or
sump where the ash is separated from the water. The
water is used again while the ash is sent out through
the carriages.

GENERATOR:
MECHANICAL
ENERGY

GENERATOR

ELECTRICAL
ENERGY

TWO POLE TYPE; WITH CYLINDRICAL

ROTOR
BASIC PRINCIPLE :FARADAYs LOW OF
MAGNETIC INDUCTION
COOLING:
STATOR WINDING-DIRECT WATER COOLING
ROTOR WINDING HYDROGEN COOLING

Generator
The Synchronous Generator is used to Generate power by connecting
the shaft of the Turbine to the shaft of the generator which cuts the
magnetic flux producing Emf.
The Generated Voltage will generally 11KV to 20 KV max.
The Generated Voltage is stepped up by connecting Step up
transformer and is transmitted and is also UAT
used for Auxiliary purposes
20Kv to 6.KV

Bus Duct
SYNCHRONOUS
GENERATOR

Generator Transformer
20KV to 400KV

Unit Auxiliary Transformer: This transformer is used to step down the


produced voltage and use for Auxiliary purpose.

THANKS !