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SHRI DADAJI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY &

SCICNCE

Department of Electronic communication


RECTIFIER
Guided by
Mr. Pankaj sanawa

Submitted
by

Sagar gore
ROLL NO
(0823EC141012)

Cantedes
introduction
Types of Rectifiers
Half wave rectifier
full wave rectifier
Bridge rectifier circuit
Ues

introduction

Arectifieris

an

electrical

convertsalternating
periodically

reverses

device

current(AC),
direction,

that
which

todirect

current(DC), which is in only one direction, a


process known asrectification.

Types of Rectifiers
Half wave Rectifier
Full wave Rectifier
Bridge Rectifier

Half wave rectifier

In

half

wave

rectification,

either

the

positive or negative half of the AC wave is


passed, while the other half is blocked.

Because

only

one

half

of

the

input

waveform reaches the output, it is very


inefficient if used for power transfer.

Half wave rectifier working animation

--

Half wave rectification

The half-wave rectifier circuit using a


semiconductor diode (D) with a load resistance
R but no smoothing filter is given in figure. The
diode is connected in series with the
secondary of
the transformer and the load resistance R The
primary of the transformer is being connected
to
the ac supply mains.

full wave rectifier

A full-wave rectifier converts the whole of the input


waveform to one of constant polarity (positive or
negative) at its output.

Full-wave rectification converts both polarities of


the input waveform to DC (direct current), and is
more efficient.0

Full wave rectifier working animation

A Full Wave Rectifier is a


circuit, which converts an ac
voltage into a pulsating dc
voltage using both half cycles
of the applied ac voltage. It
uses two diodes of which one
conducts during one half cycle
while the other conducts during the other half
cycle of the applied. ac voltage

Full wave rectifier using transformer and 2


diodes

Output voltage of the full wave rectifier


Animation

Bridge rectifier

A bridge rectifier makes use of four diodes


in a bridge arrangement to achieve fullwave rectification.

Bridge rectifier circuit

Bridge rectifier working animation

Ues of rectifier
A rectifier is an electrical device composed of
one or more diodes that converts alternating
current (AC) to direct current (DC). A diode is
like a one-way valve that allows an electrical
current to flow in only one direction. This
process is called rectification.
A rectifier can take the shape of several
different physical forms such as solid-state
diodes, vacuum tube diodes, mercury arc
valves, silicon-controlled rectifiers and various
other silicon-based semiconductor switches.

Rectifiers are used in various devices, including:

DC power supplies
Radio signals or detectors
A source of power instead of generating current
As flame rectification to detect the presence of
flame
High-voltage direct current power transmission
systems
Several household appliances use power
rectifiers to create power, like notebooks or
laptops, video game systems and televisions

The end

Thank You