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Advanced Artificial Lift Methods

Advanced Artificial Lift Methods PE 571


Introduction

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Pressure Drop in a Production System

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Advanced Artificial Lift Methods

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Single Phase Liquid IPR and OPR

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Single Phase Liquid IPR and OPR
The flowrate value at which a specific well flows for a set of operational
conditions using only the energy stored in the compressed reservoir fluids is
called natural equilibrium flowrate

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Advanced Artificial Lift Methods

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Single Phase Liquid IPR and OPR

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Advanced Artificial Lift Methods

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Single Phase Liquid IPR and OPR

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Advanced Artificial Lift Methods

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Single Phase Liquid IPR and OPR

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Advanced Artificial Lift Methods

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Single Phase Liquid IPR and OPR

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Advanced Artificial Lift Methods

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Darcys Law - IPR

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Darcys Law - IPR

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IPR Vogel and Fetkovich

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IPR Vogel and Fetkovich

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Future IPR

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OPR

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OPR

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OPR

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IPR vs. OPR

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Stability
Stable equilibrium: small disturbance around the equilibrium point, the system
will move back to the equilibrium condition.
Unstable equilibrium: If the disturbance is large enough, the system will move
towards another equilibrium point or loose the equilibrium permanently

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Stability

Fluctuations on the Pwh,


qsystem < qsteady state

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Stability

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Stability

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Advanced Artificial Lift Methods

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Stability

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Advanced Artificial Lift Methods

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Stability

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Advanced Artificial Lift Methods

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Stability

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Advanced Artificial Lift Methods

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Stability

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Advanced Artificial Lift Methods

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Stability

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Advanced Artificial Lift Methods

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Stability

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Advanced Artificial Lift Methods

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Stability
Several techniques might be used when the system reaches to the unstable
point such as:

If the well has an artificial lift installed it can be put into production to help

the well overcome the unstable point. After that if the artificial lift is not
required we can leave the well under natural flow.

If the well does not have an artificial lift installed, we can do several things:

Agitation, swab, gas injection, nitrogen injection

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Stability Tubing Heading

High reservoir pressure


Small PI
Big tubing string

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Stability Tubing Heading

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Stability Tubing Heading
If the fluctuations are small then the well will produce a steady state flowrate.
If the fluctuations are large, the production in this well will cycle with time. This is
called the tubing heading.
Tubing heading is characterized by pulsating well head pressure (EX: caused by
slug flow) and constant casing pressure. It occurs mostly in wells fitted with a
packer during the final stage of life. During this period, liquid is lifted through a
portion of the tubing and then falls back resulting a cycle flow.
Under these conditions, the production test data from this well are very difficult to
match the IPR and OPR simulations.

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Stability Tubing Heading
Very high PI
Big tubing string

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Stability

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Stability Casing Heading

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