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ARGUMENTATIve

ESSAY

DEFINITIO
N or
An essay in which you agree
disagree with an issue using
reasons to support your opinion.

Your goal:

to

convince your reader that you are right.


You need to take a stand on an issue;
support your stand with solid reasons;
support your reasons with solid evidence.

Argumentative essay
outline:

Introduction:

1 .Hook
2. Background information
3. Thesis statement (writers view)

Body paragraph 1 :

1. Topic sentence (reasons for writers stand)


2. Supporting details

Body paragraph 2:

1.Topic sentence (reasons for writers stand)


2. Supporting details

Body paragraph 3:

1. Counter-argument
2. Concession
3. Refutation

Conclusion:

1. A summary
2. Suggestions, recommendations

You must discuss the opposing stand by discussing the


other sides reasons

Then rebutting or refuting them. In order to:

consider all sides of an issue;


Be reasonable,therefore readers are more likely to support
u

Useful words and


phrases
*to introduce opposing points of view
Many think that.
Opponents of this idea claim / maintain that

Those who disagree / are against these ideas


may say / assert that
Some people may disagree with this idea.

Transitions for Refutations


(after the opposition
argument is explained):
Although (though)

Besides
But
Conversely
Despite
Even though
Granted
However
In contrast
In spite of
Its true that

Instead
Keep in mind that
On the contrary
On the other hand
Nevertheless
Nonetheless
Still
Unlike
Whereas
While
Yet

Useful words and


phrases
However, from my point of view/In my
opinion
But I am convinced that/It is my
belief/What I mean by this is
In fact/ In other words/ Indeed, that/
Needless to say/ Obviously/That is to say
thattheir argument is irrelevant.
After seeing this evidence, there is no
way we can agree with what they say

Title :
A University In
Every Town

Introductory
AS

:?
Do u know what is exactly a university ?
GI : def
eg: Oxford dict - , Univ. mean highest level of
education institution
Thesis statement :
eg : There are various opinions towards the
stated issue.

1st body
TOS :From my point of view, I would certainly disagree
because of two main reasons.
1. increase financial difficulties.
eg :, too many town univs will effect financial
difficulties.

SS : example
eg : A university is more than a few classrooms.
Students will need dorms, gyms, cafeterias, sports
facilities, labs and computers for their academic and
social development

nd

body

TOS

: : In addition to recruitment problems, too


many small town univs will experience staffing
problems.

SS

: Indirect quo
eg : According to Minister of Higher
Education , Number of academicians who
meet academic requirements is limited.

3rd body

TOS1: Those who agree with these ideas may say that
build univ in every town can develop culture &
community.

SS : statistics
eg : According to statistics from Population Student ,
every year 2000 student who come from different place
& culture will study in university.
Refutation of counter argument: However, if
a university wrestling with its own economic and
sociocultural problems, it cannot contribute to
development of host town.

Concluding paragraph
S

: To sum up, there are some pros about


adding up univs in every town but due to the
explained reasons, we should be disagreed.

Sug: In order to provide such quality education they need to have qualified
teachers and must provide minimum social and academic facilities.