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Ring Spinning

Machine
Presented To:
Dr. Hosne Ara Begum
Associate Professor
Bangladesh University of Textiles

Beginning of ring spinning


era
After the Industrial revolution (1764-1784)
Mule Spinning gained attention throughout the
world. Continuous efforts were being made to
refine this system of spinning. Later, Ring Spinning
was introduced after some modifications in Mule
Spinning system. The basic technology of the Ring
Spinning remained unchanged. Ring spinning
system have been refined during the last 30 years,
the ultimate objectives of spinning dialectologists
are focused on higher production speed, combined
with adequate quality.

Ring Spinning Frame

The most widely used spinning technique in


the world due to its high quality. The Quality
of yarn produced by this technique is
considered to be the best quality yarn at a
high speed.

RING SPINNING FRAME


Major manufacturer of ring frame
a)
Lakshmi Machinery Works Limited, India
b)
Toyota Textile Machinery, Japan
c)
Rieter Machine Works Limited, Switzerland

Various components of Ring


Frame

Various components of Ring


Frame
Thread guide:
It is a yarn guide made by bending a wire
named snail wire. Snail wire may be different in
Types like p-shaped wire.
Functons:
a) its main function to guide the yarn thus
maintain the security of the yarn.
b) It prevents yarn collision with adjacent yarns.
c) Its surface should be smooth to prevent rubbing
of yarn. Rubbing creates yarn hairiness.

Continued..
Spindle:
The spindle is the main part of a ring frame
which helps in twisting, winding
simultaneously. Sometimes, spindle referred
as
Heart of Spinning. It holds the bobbin,
somewhat loosely but tight enough to
prevent
slippage.

Continued.

Continued..
Functions of spindle:
a) twisting and winding is performed by spindle.
b) It holds the bobbin.
c) The capacity of ring frame is mainly determine by the number of
spindle.
Different parts of spindle:
The parts of spindle are given below: Spindle blade
Wharve
Bolster
Lock
Bearing
Bolster cage
The last three parts help the spindle to fix at the right place and work
properly.

Continued.
Ring Cups

Continued.
Ring: The ring are made of low carbon steel i.e. soft steel or ceramic
in the form of a bar which modeled into ring shaped either by
bending and welding or by pressing by means of dies and then the
stock is given the desired projection term as ring flange.
Functions: There are some important functions of ring. These are
given below:a) Ring guides the circular run of the traveler.
b) It also helps in twisting by means of running of the traveler.
c) It also acts as a track of traveler.
Classification of ring:
A) according to origin or element :- a) Metallic ring
b) Ceramic ring
B) according to number of flange :- a) single flange ring
b) double flange ring

Anti wedge ring and Elliptical


traveller

This was first high-performance


ring.
Compared
with
the
previously ring shape, it features
a flange with a flared inside
surface and is flattened off
considerably on top. This change
in shape enabled a ring traveller
with a low centre of gravity and
precisely adjusted arc (elliptical
traveller) to be used and thus also
permitted operation at higher
speeds. Anti-wedge ring and
elliptical traveller belong together
and should only be used in
combination. Since the passage is
limited, this combination can only
be used for fine and medium
count yarns.

Traveller
Traveller is the
most
tiny
and
simple mechanical
element in ring
frame
which
carries the most
important function
like simultaneous
twisting, winding,
thread guide etc.

Functions of traveller

Twisting on the drafted


strand of fibre.
Winding of the yarn on
the bobbin.
Maintain
winding
tension of the yarn by
the frictional resistance
between the ring and
traveller.
It acts as a guide for
yarn on the way to be
wound on the bobbin.

Conceptual structure of the


drafting system

3 roller, double apron drafting


systems
are
exclusively
on
modern ring spinning machines
used for short staple spinning.
They consist of three fluted,
driven, bottom steel rollers (a)
with top rollers (b) positioned
above them, supported and
pressed against bottom rollers (a)
by a rocking support (pressure
arm). Since a fibre bundle with
only few fibres has to be
transported in the main drafting
zone, the main drafting zone is
provided with a guide unit
consisting of rotating bottom and
top aprons (e).

Chronological history of drafting


system of Ring Frame
Regular drafting system (without apron)
Single apron drafting system
Double apron drafting system
a) Casablancas drafting system
b) SKF drafting system
Some important models of SKF drafting system
SKF PK-211
SKF PK-220
SKF PK-225
SKF PK-235
SKF PK-255
SKF PK-265
SKF PK-2025

TYPES OF DRAFTING
SYSTEM
There are commonly two
types of drafting system
are used in ring frame:
A) Spring loaded drafting
system or pendulum arm
(example: SKF PK-2025
OR TEXPARTS 2035)
B) Pneumatic drafting
system (ex: SKF PK-3035)
Another drafting system
is pendulum arm
pressure which is now
become conventional.

Pneumatic
drafting
system

Pendulum
arm

1. Loaded by
1.Loaded by
pneumatic
spring.
pressure i.e
compressed air.
2. Uniform
pressure is
applied to all
drafting rollers.

2. Applied
pressure in all
drafting zone is
not uniform.

3. Consistent
yarn quality is
achieved.

3. Consistent
yarn quality is
not achieved.

4. Modern
drafting
system.

4. Conventional
drafting
system.

Types
of
(cont..)

drafting

system

Development in drafting system


A) CPS Technology

The new CPS (Cot


Protecting System) reduces
the maintenance in the
drafting unit by extending
the top roller life time in
man-made
fiber
ring
spinning- an apron protects
the delivery roller cot from
wear.
No grinding of delivery cots.
Constant and equal quality
over a long time.
it can be used for 18
months without grinding.

Diagonally
slotted
drafted roller
Compared to conventional
ring spinning technology the
structure of bottom drafted
rollers are advantageous. It is
observed that the slot angles
have a great effect on yarn
hairiness. The fiber ends on
two sides of the spinning
triangle create most of the
hairs on the yarn, their path
control
is
important
to
reduce the hairiness of the
yarn. The diagonal shape of
bottom rollers provide a
proper path for these fibers.

bottom

B) ACP (Active Cradle with the


PINSpacer)

The Active Cradle with the


PIN Spacer improves the
drafting process by an
enhanced
inter-fiber
friction in the main draft
zone. The Active Cradle
with flexible leading edge
and optimized pin position
Improves the values of
the most important yarn
parameters and
Is suitable for all popular
top weighting arms.

Magnetic ring spinning


Magnetic ring spinning or innovative ring spinning is a
ring spinning technology for making yarn based on
magnetic levitation. This technique functions without a
traveler sliding over the ring, enabling much higher
spinning rates.

Waste Opener Machine

Recycling
Recycled or regenerated, cotton is finding
its way into new yarns and non-woven
products. For cotton, must protect the
staple length when recycling. Traditional
recycling chopping up which reduces staple
length and deteriorates quality of yarn.

Thank you