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3D Holographic

Projection
Technology

SUBMITTED BY,
SHAHID S
ROLLNO: 12416055
YCET
GUIDED BY,
SAFUVAN T
ASST.PROFESSOR
DEPT.OF ECE
YCET

Contents

What

is Holography
Why Holography
Types of Holograms
How Holograms work
Recording of hologram
Reconstruction of
hologram
Advances in
technology
Applications & Future
scope
Conclusion

What is holography

Holographyis a technique that allows thelight


scattered from an object to be recorded and
later reconstructed.

The technique to optically store, retrieve, and


process information.

Preserve the 3-D information of a holographed


subject

Why
holographic
display

A high resolution three


dimensional recording of
an object

Glasses free 3D display

No need for projection


screen

Life like images

Interactive display

Timeline of
holography

Types of
Holograms

A. Reflex

hologram

Illuminated

by a spot
of
white
incandescent
light
source, from frontabove

The

image consists of
light reflected by the
hologram

Produces

multicolour
holograms, makes
images optically
indistinguishable
from the original

B.Transmission hologram
Viewed with laser light,
usually of the same type
used to make the
recording
Need light source
behind them
Virtual image can be
very sharp and deep
C.Computer-generated
holograms
No need for a real object
Interference pattern is
calculated digitally,
using algorithms

How
holograms
work

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The time-varying light field
of a scene with all its physical
properties is to be recorded
and then regenerated.
Hence the working of
holography is divided into
two phases:
Recording
Reconstruction

Recording
of
hologram

Basic tools required


to make a hologram
includes a red
lasers, lenses, beam
splitter, mirrors and
holographic film

Holograms are
recorded in darker
environment

Recording a
hologram

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0

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1
Laser

Red

lasers,

usually

helium-neon

(HeNe) lasers, are common in holography.


These are coherent light source.

Beam splitter: This is a device that uses


mirrors and prisms to split laser beam of light
into two beams.
Object beam (directed onto the object) and
Reference beam (travels directly onto the
recording medium)

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2 to
Mirrors: These direct the beams of light
the correct locations

Holographic film: Holographic film can


record light at a very high resolution, which
is necessary for creating a hologram. It's a
layer of light-sensitive compounds on a
transparent surface, like photographic film.

Eg: Silver Halide Emulsion

Process

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3

When the two laser beams reach the


recording medium, their light waves
intersect andinterferewith each other. It
is this interference pattern that is
imprinted on the recording medium.
Hologram
Recondtruction

Hologram
Recording

Reconstructi
on of
hologram

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4

The photographic plate


is illuminated with
original light source
used for recording
holograms.

Reconstructing a

1
hologram
5

Capturing
of
holograph
ic video

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6

By replacing the
conventional
holographic plate
with a digital camera
and an optoelectronic
2D screen, we can
capture and display
holographic video.

Projection
of
holographi
c video

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7

Video hologram is
coded into light
modulators

These light
modulators are
illuminated by
coherent light beam
source, to project
video

Advances
in
technolog
y

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8
Touchable

holograms
Tactile

holographic
display with
haptic feedback
Horizontal

360
view of a image
on table top

User

interfacing
integrated
displays

Applicatio
ns
& Future
scope

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Educational applications
9

Marketing with 3D
holographic display

3D simulation displays
for scientific
visualization

Improved virtual Reality


and augmented reality

Telepresence and video


conferencing

Entertainment displays

Military and Space

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0

Holographic
checkpoint for
military, battlefield
simulations

Intense real gaming


rooms

In future all displays


like televisions,
mobile phone
displays, projector
displays will be
replaced by
holographic displays

Conclusio
n

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1

Holographic
Technology and
Spectral Imagining has
endless applications,
as far as the human
mind can imagine

In future, holographic
displays will be
replacing all present
displays in all sizes,
from small phone
screen to large
projectors

References

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Holographic Projection Technology: The


World is Changing.; Ahmed Elmorshidy, Ph.D
JOURNAL OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS, VOLUME 2,
ISSUE 2, MAY 2010
Capture, processing, and display of realworld
3D
objects
using
digital
holography; Thomas J. Naughton; 2010 IEEE
Invited Paper
Touchable Holography; Takayuki Hoshi;
The University of Tokyo; 2009
Holographic 3-D Displays - Electro-holography
within the Grasp of Commercialization; Stephan
Reichelt, Ralf Haussler, Norbert Leister, Gerald
Futterer, Hagen Stolle and Armin Schwerdtner

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3

Thank
you