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EPITHELIAL TISSUE

An epithelium is a layer of tightly joined cells that


covers an
external
or internal
body surface
.
The continuos
sheetlike
structure
of an epithelium
helps
protect these surface from abrasion , dehydration
, and
For example , the epithalium
of skin resist
destruction by chemicals
or microorganisms .
impacts and
scrapes , restricts the loss of water , and blocks
the invasion
of internal tissues by bacteria .

CLASSIFICATION

A simple epithelium - is composed of


a single layer
of cells attached to the
basement membrane .
A stratified epithelium is made up
of several
layers of cells stacked
atop each other .

SHAPES

amous thin and flat .


oidal cube-shaped or square .
umnar rectangular bricks and
appearing tall .

TYPES
Simple Squamous Epithelium

ound in protected regions


re absorption takes place
here slick , slippery surface
uce friction .

mples include the gas exchange


aces of the lungs and lining of
d and lymphatic vessels .

Simple Cuboidal Epithelium

urs in regions where secretion


bsorption takes place .

example , in the pancrease


salivary glands secrete
ymes and buffers .

mple cuboidal epithelia also line


y portions of the kidneys
lved in the production of urine .

Simple Columnar Epithelium

s type of epithelium lines in


mach , the intestinal tract ,
d many excretory ducts .

ese cells produce mucus to


icate and protect the lining
he intestine.

Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium

he tissue lining the trachea is


arked by the presence of goblet
ls and is covered with tiny hair-like
uctures called cilia.

his ciliated epithelium moves


ucus-trapped irritants away from
e lungs toward the throat for
posal .

Stratified Squamous Epithelium

und where mechanical stresses


severe .

e surface of the skin and the


ng of the mouth , esophagus ,
anus are good examples .

Transitional Epithelium
s the ureters and urinary bladder ,
posed of rounded cells that
mble a mix of cuboidal and columnar
ed cells .

is transitional epithelium. This tissue


stretch and distend when necessary
out causing gaps or perforations in
ning.

NERVOUS TISSUE

Most of nervous tissue is concentrated in


the brain and spinal cord , the control
It is specialized
centers
for the nervous
systems
.
for the
rapid conduction
of electrical
impulses that convey information or
instructions
one
cells
in nervousfrom
tissue
that conducts impulse a
region of
body
to another
.
d neurons
orthe
nerve
cells
.

typical neuron has a cell body .

Which contains the Nucleus ,


Dendrites- a number of
branch-like cytoplasmic
extensions .
- typically carry signals
toward the cell body.
Axons- a long single
extension .
- typically carry
signals
away from the cell
body.