Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 31

100G Client Interface Evolution

Guylain Barlow
JDSU Network & Service Enablement

Agenda

Market Evolution
100G Transceiver volumes

High-Speed Client Interfaces


Emerging Interface Types
Optics form Factor Evolution
Data Center Influence on Form Factors

Validating high-speed optics


Evolution to 400G

2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

100G Interface Evolution


100G is now dominant in long-haul
LR4 most popular as a client telecom interface
Data Center though is a key growth area

Infonetics 10G/40G/100G
Optical Transceivers Oct. 2014

2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

High Speed Interface Types


Interfaces & Form Factors

Current 100GE Interface Types


IEEE 802.3ba
Interface

Reach

Medium

Parallelism

Standard

100GBASE-ER4

40 km

SMF

4 / dir

802.3ba

100GBASE-LR4

10 km

SMF

4 / dir

802.3ba

10x10 MSA (LR10)

2 or 10 km

SMF

10 / dir

10x10 MSA

100GBASE-SR10

100 m
125 m

OM3 MMF
OM4 MMF

10 fibers / dir

802.3ba

100GBASE-SR4

70 m
100 m

OM3 MMF
OM4 MMF

10 fibers / dir

802.3bm

100GBASE-CR10

7m

Twin-axial
electrical

10 cables / dir

802.3ba

100GBASE-CR4

4m

Twin-axial
electrical

10 cables / dir

802.3bm

Main applications:
LR4: Most common interface in telecom by far
Key missing need is for reaches between 100m and 10km data center
2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

100G Pluggables Industry Roadmap

Client optics

Current LR4 generation is the CFP2 with CFP4 soon coming


CFP2 client optics are a 100G network enabler: lower power, lower cost and
higher density

10 physical
electrical lanes

4 physical
electrical lanes

LR4 to 4

CFP

10G I/O

LR4 to 4
CFP2

25G I/O (or 10G)

CFP

LR4

CFP4
LR4 &
SR10

(2015/2016)

CFP2

CXP

CPAK

(2016)

Already in alpha/beta
version

Now

SR10

QSFP28

CFP2/CFP4 for telecom for increased


power & distance
QSFP28 for data center for small size &
low cost

2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

Compare to 10GE
A lot of form factors for 100GE to optimize
There were even more for 10GE!
25GE (802.3by)
SFP28
SFP+
XFP
X2

Xenpak

XPAK

300-pin MSA

2000

2010
2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

Data Center Growth: 100G


Data Center core moving to 100G
Fueling the development of 25GE interfaces to Top of Rack Switches
Strong need for low cost client interfaces

Infonetics 10G/40G/100G
Optical Transceivers Oct. 2014
2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

100GE Client Connectivity Needs

Costly optics have kept 100G out of the datacenter this is


about to change
Data Center
Backbone (inter-building) connects MDF (Main Distribution
Frame) to MDF. SMF between buildings
In-building MDF connects to Distribution Switches
100m is often too short a distance
10km is too costly
Ribbon cables becoming common

Telecom
Current 10 km interface reaches most customers not all
Key metro distance of 20 km+ becoming a requirement
Need 20km to 40km interface
2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

Upcoming 100GE Client Interfaces: 1 to 3 years away


Considerations for new interfaces based on 25G I/O for data
centers:
100GBASE-SR4

(802.3bm)

Four lanes on MMF 100 m. Key innovation is use of FEC RS(528,514)


at PCS layer

100GE PSM4 (PSM4 MSA)


SMF in the 1310 nm range for target distance of 500 m (also uses FEC)

100GE CWDM4 (CWDM4 MSA) & CLR4 & OpenOptics


SR4 125m

Discussions around 2 km range interface for SMF


PSM4 500m

CWDM4 2km
CLR4 2km
OpenOptics MSA 2km+

In addition the following are being mentioned:


100GE ER4-lite
Similar to ER4 for 40km but with use of FEC at PCS layer

Clear migration to all x4 interfaces for 100GE


2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

10

SR4 100GE Sublayers


From IEEE 802.3bj

IP
LLC

Logical Link Control

MAC

Media Access Control

RS
OSI Model
Layer 4

Transport

Layer 3

Network

Layer 2

Data Link

Layer 1

Physical

Reconciliation Sublayer
(100) Gigabit Media Independent Interface

CGMII
100GBASE-R PCS

Physical Coding Sublayer


Reed Solomon Forward Error Correction

RS-FEC
PMA

Physical Medium Attachment

PMD

Physical Medium Dependent

MDI

Medium Dependent Interface

Medium

100GBASE-SR4

MM fiber at 25Gb/s has a lot of dispersion causing ISI, a FEC is


required to get a link to work
The same FEC block is used for passive copper, backplanes,
SR4 and PSM4/CWDM4/CLR4/ER4-lite
2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

11

RS-FEC
RS(528,514) used for 100GEBASE-SR4 (and KR4 and CR4),
PSM4, CWDM4, ER4-lite
Symbol size of 10 bits
7 correctable symbols per FEC block
14 detectable symbol errors

Use of 64b/66b PCS to 256b/257b transcoder for RS-FEC layer


(maintain throughput)
Such that the 100GE information rate remains 103.125 Gbits/s (25G per
lane)
symbol

Redundant area (14 symbols)

symbol

symbol

symbol

Message area (514 symbols)


FEC Block (528 symbols)

Error Correction extends transmission distance for 25Gb/s lanes

2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

12

PSM4

Industry Consortium Group


Avago, Brocade, Delta Electronics, Finisar, JDSU, Juniper, Luxtera,
MACOM, Microsoft, Oclaro, Panduit, US Conec

Low cost solution to extend reach within data center for


100Gbps interconnects
Reach of 500m on parallel (ribbon) single mode fiber
infrastructure
Sufficient within many data centers
Max power per lane: 2dBm, total of 8 dBm

Use of digital FEC to keep costs down

2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

13

CWDM4 & CLR4


1217nm

1291nm

1311nm

1331nm

CWDM4 targets a common specification for low cost 100G


optical interfaces up to 2 km
Data center applications
Uses Coarse WDM technology with 4 lanes of 25 Gb/s on SMF
CLR4 has similar targets to above at same wavelengths
CWDM4 and CLR4 to interwork with CLR4 FEC on
CWDM4

CLR4

Tx Max power per


lane

2.5 dBm

2.5 dBm

Rx Min power per


lane

-11.5 dBm

-12.5dBm (with FEC)


-10 dBm (no FEC)

FEC

Yes

Yes or No

Universal concept

Module convertible between SMF and MMF (shorter distance)


Can be aligned to CWDM4 wavelengths
2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

14

ER4-Lite

Key goal is to enable Metro and business services


deployments with longer reach client interface
Current ER4 IEEE 820.3ba standard exists for 40km
No FEC
Technically challenging

Concept of ER4-Lite
Similar to ER4 BUT with potential use of RS(528, 514) FEC to
reach 40km
Proposed APD based specification for 40km reach

2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

15

Connectivity
SR10
MMF ribbon, 10Gb/s
24 fibers: 10 active/dir
Flat MPO/MTP connector

SR4
MMF ribbon, 25Gb/s
12 fibers: 4 active/dir
Flat MPO/MTP connector

PSM4
SMF ribbon, 25Gb/s
12 fibers: 4 active/dir
Angled MPO/MTP connector

CWDM4 / CLR4

Duplex SMF, 25Gb/s /

LR4/ER4
Duplex SMF, 25Gb/s /
2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

16

Data Center Form Factor Challenges


In 1st gen 100G switches and routers, the smaller CXP form factor
was used with MMF ribbon cables (SR10)
CFP or CFP2 is used for SMF transceivers
This forced compromises as CXP ports could not be used with
SMF
The QSFP28 form factor is set to resolve this dilemma
A 1 rack-unit (RU) switch can accommodate up to 36 QSFP ports on
the front faceplate

CXP
CFP
2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

17

Generic Industry Roadmap


This is approximate to give a general idea of interface vs. form factor
This does not represent the view of any specific optics vendor
CFP

Now

LR4 SR10
ER4

CFP2

CFP4

QSFP28

LR4 SR10
ER4
ER4-lite

LR4 CWDM4
SR4
ER4-lite

PSM4 CWDM4
LR4
SR4
CLR4

Telecom
2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

Data Centers
|

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

18

Front Panel Relative Density


QSFP28 increases front-panel density by 250% over 40G QSFP+
Lane speeds are increases 2.5-fold from 10 Gbps to 25 Gbps
Both are the same form factor

The increase in density is also considerable compared to other


100G form factors
280%+ versus CFP2
146%+ versus CFP4
4 x CFP
8 x CFP2
Belly-to-belly
16 x CFP4
24 x QSFP28
2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

19

What about Coherent Pluggables?


Slowly becoming available

Common digital
interface

Benefit is to have single line card supporting line


or client interfaces

Unit

CFP & CFP2 exist for LR4, ER4, SR10


DSP CFP

Coherent pluggables to support DPQPSK; currently available

Integrated CFP

CFP

Common digital interface


Large pluggable size

CFP2

DSP to
Complex analog interface
interoperate with
multiple CFP2
Unit
vendors

Smaller, lower cost optics


Challenging electrical bus with off-optics DSP

DSP

CFP2

Decoupled CFP2

2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

20

Pluggable Characterization

Testing Pluggable Optics: Anatomy of Requirements


Field Troubleshooting
requires PERFORMANCE checking
Get acceptable error rate performance

R&D and qualification


require COMPLIANCE testing
Validate designs
Compliance
Check pattern sensitivity and crosstalk
across lanes

Performance
Focus on Error Rate performance
Test within clock tolerances

Dynamic skew
Clock Tolerances, nominal jitter
Verify receiver sensitivity

Verify operation within specified optical


power range

Functionally verify communications with


optics module (MDIO)

Note: Skew testing does not add to field


test reliability not required

Electrical bus signal control

QSFP28

CFP2

CFP4
2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

CFP
22

BERT Testing Optics


Performance Test times depend on 3 factors:
- Data Rate
- Confidence Level
- BER Threshold

Bit Error Rate Test Time for a 95% Confidence Level depends on the line rate
and BER target:
95% CL 100GE
BER
Sec
Min
hrs
1E-12 29.09
0.48
1E-13
4.85
1E-14
48.48
0.81
1E-15
8.08

New element with RS-FEC interfaces

99% CL 100GE
BER
Sec
Min
hrs
44.6
0.7
1E-12
7.4

1E-13

74.3

1E-14

1.24
12.39

1E-15

Pre-FEC tests (error rate BEFORE applying FEC)


Post-FEC results (error rate AFTER FEC correction)
2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

23

Compliance Testing Examples

Electrical
bus pulses

Frequency
Variations

Crosstalk
patterns

Dynamic
Skew

2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

24

Line Side Impairment Testing


CLIENT SIDE (IEEE)
Data + Optical Stress

100GE Client

LINE SIDE (ITU/OIF)


100G Coherent

JDSU MAP

Optical Stress
JDSU ONT
or
MTS/T-BERD

Run 100GE BER tests


- Error Rate Results

Loop traffic on MAP


Measure OSNR Penalty - OSNR is the new
measure of distance
Control Loss via attenuator
Manipulate OSNR via ASE source & EDFA
Scramble polarization fiber emulation
Simulate ROADM Network
Perform optical filtering to affect signal
shape
Simulate Fiber
Scramble polarization

For all tests, error evaluation through BER results


2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

26

Evolution to 400G

400GE Client Considerations

400GE Client under discussion at IEEE 802.3bs


Discussions include 8 lanes @ 50G and 4 lanes @ 100G
2015 view toward 2017 standard All unconfirmed
400GBASE-SR16 & PSM4 (or 8) for data centers
400GBASE-LR8 for telecom
Use of higher order modulation (HOM) both electrical & optically
PAM-4 => adopted March 2015 for electrical interface

Ethernet-level FEC mandatory


No more error free native links can assume < 10^-6 pre-FEC BER!
Media

Interface

Electrical Lanes

Optical
Modulation

MMF 100m

400GBASE-SR16

25G-per fiber

NRZ

SMF 500m

400GBASE-PSM4

100G-per fiber

PAM-4

SMF 2km

400GBASE-FR4

50G-

PAM-4

SMF 10km

400GBASE-LR8

50G-
2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

PAM-4
|

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

28

Per Fiber Type Summary

Courtesy Ethernet Alliance

2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

29

400GE Pluggable Form Factors under Considerations

Possible 400GE pluggable optics:


CDFP, mostly for active cables (short distance)

Telecom form factors undecided


Possibly will use CFP2

May land on a CD-QSFP (QSFP sized) form factor in the very


long run

2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

30

Early Test Products

400GE module on ONT


Demonstrated at OFC 2015
Pre-standard 400GE based on 25G I/O 4xCFP2
Design to accelerate 400G product development, validation
and inter-operation

2014 JDS Uniphase Corporation

JDSU CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY INFORMATION

31

Q&A